28 The Life and Work
regarding the Critique: "First of all, let me tell you how delighted I
was that you liked the first part, for your judgment alone is important
for me in this matter. To the great amusement of my wife, I awaited
with considerable anxiety your judgment." Then again, in sending
Engels some further sheets of the manuscript of Capital in June, 1867,
he says: "I hope you will be satisfied with these four sheets. Your
satisfaction with what has gone before is more important to me than
anything the rest of the world might say." Where necessary, Engels
criticised Marx's works quite freely, and Marx almost invariably utilised
these criticisms and often altered his writings in accordance with
Finally, August 16, 1867, Marx had corrected the last proof sheet
of the first volume of his great work, and that same day wrote to
Dear Fred,—Have just finished correcting the last sheet. The
appendix—forms of value—in small print contains ij sheets.
The preface corrected yesterday and sent back. And so this
volume is finished. It is only thanks to you that this was possible.
Without your self-sacrifice on my behalf, I could never have
accomplished the enormous work for the three volumes. I
embrace you full of thanks.
Enclosed two sheets of corrected proof.
Have received the £15 with best thanks.
Greetings, my dear, my beloved friend.—
Yours, K. Marx
When at length the first volume of Capital was published, Engels
left no stone unturned to advertise it, and to get the world, which tried
its best to kill it by silence, to take notice of it.
Temporary Estrangement from Marx
In January, 1863, there occurred the first and only estrangement
between Engels and Marx, an event which only serves to illustrate
their deep and lasting friendship.
Whilst in Manchester, Engels had become acquainted with an Irish
family, Burns, and had become deeply attached to one of the daughters,
Mary, with whom he had lived for many years as man and wife. She
was a bright, pretty, witty girl, who loved Engels passionately. On
January 6, 1863, Mary died quite suddenly, probably from heart
disease; the evening before he had been with her, and she had been
quite well. Her death was a terrible shock to Engels, but when he
wrote to Marx telling him of his bereavement, Marx answered by
expressing his regret in a couple of sentences, and then proceeded to
relate his own household difficulties. Engels let six days pass by before
replying, and then reproached Marx for the "frosty" manner in which
he had received the news of the misfortune that had befallen him
(Engels). In contradistinction to Marx, "All my friends, even phili-