First American Fleet
( Continued from Page 1.)
unsatisfactory as the navy of one
colony would remain peacefully at
home while British ships were attacking
the coast of its neighbor.
In 1775 Congress authorized the
construction of an American Fleet
and on December 22, 1775, Esek Hopkins
was appointed Commander- inChief
of the Navy with a salary of
$ 125.00 per month. With the exception
of the President of the United States,
he was the only man in history to hold
Eight of these ships were completed
by January, 1776. With green crews
and a fleet whose total armament
was only one hundred and ten guns,
Hopkins was ordered to attack the
British forces in Chesapeake Bay, off
the Carolinas, and off Rhode Island.
Failing to find the British forces off
the mouth of the Chesapeake, Hopkins
proceeded to capture some munitions
of war at Nassau, Bahamas. These
munitions would have been gladly
welcomed bY' the Colonies who were
always short of powder; but, unfortunately,
on the return to Rhode Island,
Hopkins' fleet was attacked by
the British ship Glasow, of twenty
guns, which inflicted appreciable damage
and escaped. ·
During the Revolutionary War other
ships were added to the Navy, but
as England had eighty- five men- ofwar
in American waters, this Colonial
Navy accomplished little until the
arrival of the French Fleet, when the
two flee. ts combined obtained command
of the sea, and forced the surrender
of Cornwallis at Yorktown. When
peace was signed, the navy ships
were sold or given away and by 1785
there was no navy.
In 1796 Washngton urged the maintenance
of a Naval Force, saying,
" To secure respect to a neutral flag
requires a Naval Force, organized
and ready to vindicate it from insults
and aggression. This may even
prevent the necessity of going to war
by discouraging belligerant powers
from committing such violations of
the rights of the neutral party, as
may, first or last, leave no other option".
THE BLUE ' BONNET
How To Play Bridge
Pick up your cards as dealt. You
will be ready to bid ahead of the
If your hand is rotten, mention it.
It will guide your partner in his bid
If your partner bids first, don't
hesitate to raise- he has to play it.
Never hurry. Try several cards on
a trick until you are sure which one
Occasionally ask what are trumps.
It will show you are interested.
Don't show lack of interest while
you are dummy. Help your partner
out with suggestions.
Talk about other subjects during
the game. It makes for good- fellowship.
Feel free to criticize your partner.
He will do much better as a result.
Always trump your partner's best
tricks. Never take a chance.
If it is a money game, always quit
when you are ahead. The folks will
Always explain your plays, particularly
when set. It shows your card
Disagree with established rules and
conventions. You will be known for
a person of independent mind.
Eat chocolate creams or other adhesive
candy to keep cards from skidding.
( Continued from Page 3.)
The molded ... breadth of a ship is
the breadth of the ship at its widest
point measured to the outside surface
of the frames.
Camber is the curvature given to
the weather decks to help drainage
and give more added strength.
Sheer is the excess of freeboard
forward or aft over that amidships.
Deadweight tonnage is the number
of tons of stores, fuel, and cargo a
ship can carry without exceeding her
designed draft: Gross tonnage is the
volume of a ship below the main
deck in cubic feet divided by a hundred:
Net tonnage is the volume of
the cargo space in cubic feet divided
by a hundred.
t u. s. s. Houston- 2- 2- 39- 900.
For a 10,000 ton
ship five or more
years from date of
commission it is estamated
is 2 to 4 hundred
tons of paint on her.
* * * *
The first U. S. warship of iron,
using steam was the l\ UCHIGA ,
built at Erie, Pa., in 1844. On June
17, 1905 the ship was reconditioned
as a steam vessel. She was finally
stricken from the Navy List on March
12, 1927 after 85 years of service.
* * • *
The first Navy Yard acquired, after
the establishment of the Navy Department,
was the Portsmouth Navy
Yard, Portsmouth, N. H. on April 30,
1798. The Government purchased 58
acres at that time, for which it paid
• • • •
A nautical mile or " Knot" is 6080
feet. Three nautical or marine miles
equal one marine league.
* * * *
The first U. S. warship to circumnavigate
the globe was the U. S. S. Vincennes,
commanded by Captain William
Finch. She left New York September
3, 1826 and returned via the
Cape of Good Hope on June 8, 1830.
* * * *
The anchors of the battleship U. S. S.
WEST VIRGI IA ( of which she carries
three) each weight ten tons.
* • • *
The Navy today is operating 478
engineering plants in vessels. These
range from the 180,000 horse- power
turbo- electric drive plants in the large
a: rcraft carrel'S to a 240 horsepower
diesel plant in some of the smaller
• * • •
aval tugs are classified as oceangoing
tugs and harbor tug . Oceangoing
tugs are named after Indian
Tribes, and harbor tugs are assigned
names of Indian Chiefs and words of