14 MONTROSE VOICE/MARCH 21, 1986
First-Ever Gay and Lesbian Chemical Dependence Center
Pride Institute Offers Comprehensive Treatment
From a Press Release
In 1971, political activist Elaine Noble
and mental health counselor Ellen Ratner
banded together to organize Boston's first
Gay Pride March. Now, 15 years later,
they've joined forces again for another
landmark event—the founding of Pride
Institute, the first residential chemical
dependency treatment program specifically tailored to the needs of the gay and
Pride Institute, a 36-bed residential program located in Minneapolis, Minn.,
opened its doors in March of this year.
Incorporating Alcoholics Anonymous,
Narcotics Anonymous and other self-help
groups into a comprehensive clinical
treatment program, it offers patients a
safe environment in which to confront
their chemical dependency and the unique
stresses they face as gay men and women
living in a society in which the majority is
Pride Institute is sponsored by the
Addiction Recovery Corporation, which
operates seven chemical dependency
treatment centers around the country. The
Institute expects to draw clients from all
parts of the U.S..
The incidence of chemcical dependence
is greater among gays than in society as a
whole. Current estimates indicate that 30
percent of the gay community may have
an alcohol or drug problem, compared to
10 to 13 percent ofthe general population.
However, in study after study, only one to
two percent of those in treatment pro-
Elaine Noble (left), president of Pride Institute, has joined with Ellen Ratner, vice
president, to open the first gay and lesbian chemical dependence center
grams have been identified as gay.
"Either gays don't enter treatment programs commensurate with the rate of
chemical dependence in the community,
or those in treatment are afraid to openly
express their sexuality," explains Noble,
president of Pride Institute. "Actually,
both are probably true. We hope to attract
both groups—those who may be open
about their lifestyle but would refuse to go
to a nongay treatment facility for fear of
discrimination, as well as those who are
under stress largely because they have
such a difficult time expressing their
In choosing a location for the facility,
Ratner and Noble sought a community
sensitive to gay issues but relatively
Dr. Didato's Personality Quiz
Shyness is Nothing to Feel Shy About
By Salvatore V. Didato, Ph.D.
News America Syndicate
Special to the Montrose Voice
If you've ever felt diminished in the presence of others, you're not alone. All of us—
yes, even the most aggressive of us—from
time to time, experience situations which
make us feel inadequate. It's estimated
that about 80 million Americans can be
called shy; that's about 40 percent. This
figure jumps to 60 percent in the Orient.
No matter where they live, shy persons
have certain behavior in common. They:
• Are more prone to being victims of confidence games.
• Do not receive job promotions as often
as non-shy persons do.
• Are often depressed, anxious and
• Are usually self-critical.
• Do not make good leaders or salespersons.
If you've ever felt that, down deep, you
are a dyed-in-the-wool shy soul, take the
quiz ahead. Answer true or false to the
items, then read on.
1. I feel uneasy even in familiar settings.
2.1 usually find it hard to accept compliments.
3. I'm not relaxed when it comes to
socializing with a stranger ofthe opposite
sex (or of the same sex, if gay).
4. I try to avoid situations which might
compel me to be very sociable.
5. Being introduced to someone makes
me feel nervous.
6. I usually try to avoid speaking with
persons unless I know them.
7. When with others, I tend to listen
much more than I talk.
8. It would make me "nervous" to speak
with a very attractive person.
Shyness is nothing to feel shy about. It
has been called the universal malady.
Research from Stanford University in
California finds that shyness is a state of
mind, a reaction pattern, which is induced
largely by the society in which we are
raised. Some are traditionally reserved
and reticent (Japan and India) while others are bold and assertive (Red China and
Children of shyness-generating societies often are not encouraged to express
their feelings and opinions openly. They
are rewarded for inhibiting their assertive
feelings especially toward authority figures, such as parents, teachers and bosses.
Our quiz items are similar to those used on
social avoidance and shyness tests. The
more true answers you gave, the shyer you
tend to be. Consider that a score of three or
less is average.
Shyness is nothing to feel
shy about. It has been
called the universal
malady. Research from
Stanford University in
California finds that
shyness is a state of
mind, a reaction pattern,
which is induced largely
by the society in which
we are raised. Some are
traditionally reserved and
reticent (Japan and
India) while others are
bold and assertive (Red
China and Israel).
□ Measuring Shyness
Our feelings about someone determine
how physically close we'll get to them.
That is, if we love someone, chances are we
will move close as we interact with them.
But if we feel shy or fearful, we'll tend to
create more distance with them.
Such was the topic of study for Professors B. Carducci of the University of Indiana and A. Webber of California State
University. Their task was to see if shy
persons, compared with those who were
not shy, tend to keep a wider "comfort
zone" between them and strangers.
As you might guess, the shy do keep
their distance! They prefer a distance
eight inches farther away (33V_ inches on
the average) than did the less shy who
moved in to about 25 inches. The differences increased to 12 inches when the shy
persons met someone of the opposite sex.
(This was a survey of assumed heternscx a
removed from the high-stimulus bar-and-
drug nightlife of such gay meccas as New
York and San Francisco. After scouting
various sites, they settled on Minneapolis
because of the city's tradition as a leader
in chemical dependence programs, its low-
key yet self-affirming gay and lesbian
community, and a genuinely supportive
The treatment program at Pride Institute is developed to meet the needs of each
patient. The initial phase is an intensive
assessment and evaluation ofthe person's
sexual, chemical dependence, and medical
history. The clinical staff then designs an
individualized treatment program incorporating private and group therapy sessions, meetings patterned on the 12-step
program of Alcoholics Anonymous and
Narcotics Anonymous, education, films
and lectures, a nutritionally-correct diet,
instruction on relaxation and stress reduction strategies, and physical and recreational activities.
Records at Pride Institute are strictly
confidential. Certain incoming lines
reserved for families and employers are
answered without revealing the facility's
gay orientation. Insurance companies
receive bills under the name ofthe center's
Another unique aspect of the Pride program is its emphasis on comprehensive
aftercare. Upon discharge, patients are
referred to both a mental health professional and a physician in their community
who is acquainted with Pride Institute
and has experience dealing with the particular problems confronting chemically
dependent gays and lesbians.
Pride Institute may be reached by calling, toll free, 1-800-54-PRIDE.
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