MONTROSE VOICE I FRIDAY. JANUARY 5, 1
" I GOT THIS ONE FOR GRENADA, THISOMe FOR PANAMA, ANPTH.S ONE $0$ NINTENDO!
ROfcOTS OW bOiMONO PttlS DON'T MIX,
Cathedral protesters: No regrets
By K1LEY ARMSTRONG
NEW YORK (AP)-AIDS and
abortion-rights activists say they
have no regrets about the demon
stration they staged interrupting
Mass at St. Patrick's Cathedral.
"We did not go to the cathedral
outof hatred," said Tim Powers, an
AIDS patient and member ofthe
AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power,
at a news conference Dec. 13. "We
had exhausted every other possibility;'
Some 4500 people marched outside the cathedral Dec. 10, hand'
ing out literature protesting (arm
nal John J. O'Connor's lobbying
efforts against abortion and safesex education. Police arrested ta
people outside the church and 43
inside, where dozens lay in the
center aisle, several chained themselves to pews and some threw
condoms in the air.
The activists at the press confer
ence—three from ACT-UP and
two from Women's Health Action
and Mobilization—dismissed criticism by politicians, religious
following the protest.
"We meant no harm or insult to
worshipers," said Mary Anne
Si a Olszewski, spokeswoman for
WHAM! "It was not an attack on
the Catholic religion."
"The Mass was interrupted for
15 minutes. We regret it had to
come to that, but people are dying," said Gerri Wells, a Catholic
who was arrested inside the cathedral.
One protester threw a consecrated communion wafer on the floor.
"That was an individual protest
and we can't speak for that person. He was a Catholic and was
part of the group, but it wasn't a
planned action," said Wells.
Edward I, Koch, Mayor-elect Da
vid Dinkins and Gov. Mario
Cuomo—criticized the protest as
an infringement on worshipers'
"Any religious service by any
group ought not to be desecrated
this way—no matter how severe
the provocation. And the provocation is great especially for people
who have AIDS," Cuomo said in
an interview on WAMC-AM, an
Albany public radio station.
"No one in this country is more
sensitive to the needs of people
with AIDS than Cardinal
O'Connor" Cuomo said. "When we
couldn't find beds for people with
AIDS, he gave us St. Clare's Hospital. He goes to the hospital himself. He has cleaned the sheets of
the beds where people with AIDS
The Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights issued a
statement from Milwaukee on
Dec. 13, saying the protesters* ac
tions "constitute gross violations
ofthe cardinal's First Amendment
rights to freedom of religion, freedom of speech and freedom of assembly"
On Dec. 11, O'Connor denounced the demonstrators as
misguided and harmful to their
cause. "If the aim is to change
church teaching, they can't accomplish that," he said.
But activists complained that
O'Connor used his position in the
church to advance a political
agenda, including lobbying to
keep public schools from offering
safe-sex education and saying
that he wanted to join Operation
Rescue, an anti-abortion group
that blockades women's health
"The great act of worship that
occurred... was by those 5,000 peo-
ple on the street," said
Staniszewski. "I believe if Jesus
were with us now, he'd be on our
AIDS groups oppose
Researcher's spirit keeps patients' hopes alive
NEW ORLEANS iAPi—The ie
nacity and spirit of a 42-year-old
researcher has brought to life a
new vaccine that may he a shot in
the arm to despairing victims of
On Dec. 7, Dr. Michael Murphey-
Corb. a Louisiana-trained researcher, took the spotlight in the
war against AIDS with this announcement: Her team has developed a vaccine that has protected
eight of nine monkeys from what
ought to have been lethal doses of
the virus that causes the simian
equivalent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome.
"Mickey was the spark plug that
kept the enthusiasm up and kept
these people driving, not because
she was pushy but because of her
enthusiasm," said Peter Gerone,
director of the primate-center
where Murphey-Corb works. "She
kept spirits up and kept talking
about how important this was. It
This is a vital attribute, said
Ronald C.Montelaro.chairofLouisiana State's biochemistry de
partment and one time co-worker,
because too many AIDS .scientists
are convinced no one will ever de-
Hui her success and the attention she received haven't been
enough to take Murphey-Corb's
mind off one disturbing fact: Although the vaccine killed otf the
virus in eight rhesus monkeys, one
was nonetheless infected.
That irritates her.
"Among researchers, a 90 percent success rale is line for preliminary work," she said in an interview last week. "But my nueslion
So, she has relumed to her lab at
Tulane's Delia Regional Primate
Research Center in the woods near
Covington to find out why.
Gerone is sure she'll find out.
"She's got persistence and tenacity, lie said. "'When shewants
something, she goes after it and
works very hard lo do it. She has
worked very hard."
Murphey-Corh was born in
Greenville, Miss., and received a
bachelor's degree in medical tech
nology from Northeast Louisiana
University in Monroe. She received her doctorate in
microbiology in 1980 and started
work at Tulane's primate center in
1984. In between that time, she
married her college sweelhearl
and had two sons, now in their
For the past three years, she has
led the center's effort to find the
Holy Grail of AIDS research: a
vaccine to ward off the disease
that, so far, has no cure.
This part of the quest has taken
2 1/2 years.
The scientists gave each monkey three shots, one month apart,
of killed whole virus. And, a year
later, a booster. And. two weeks later, a dose of simian AIDS virus 10
times the amount needed to infect.
Accompanying the injections
were the vast stretches of ordinary
watching and record-keeping, the
grind-work of research.
Even though it may be years before scientists develop a vaccine
against human immunodeficien
cy virus, which causes AIDS, the
compound Murphey-Corb's team
produced will be a sort of gold
standard against which others
will be measured. Gerone said.
"You have to remember that until recently, we've had nothing but
failures," said Dr. Dani P.
Bolognesi of Duke University
Medical Center. "Now we're beginning to see some successes.
...There's a mountain of work to be
done, hut it's all doable. I'm very
encouraged by these experiments"
"She really has the right moti
vation: Anything can be done,"
Montelaro said. "That's important in this field You have to go in
hopeful and optimistic."
Dr. Jonas Salk, creator of the polio vaccine and now at work on
AIDS, is a collaborator who talks
with her regularly.
"1 like the way she thinks," Salk
Dr. Robert Gallo, one of two men
credited with discovering the
AIDS virus, says Murphey-Corb is
the scientistto watch in AIDSvac-
Hy HARRY K. ROSKNTHAL
groups around the country are applauding a recommendation that
the Bush administration stop
screening international visitors
for the AIDS virus
"The HIV policies now enforced
by the Immigration and Naturalization Service are hypocritical,
racist and homophobic and must
he abolished" said Pal Christen.
executive director of Ihe San Francisco AIDS Foundation.
The National Commission on
AIDS made public a resolution
Dec. 12 urging the government to
stop asking visitors to the United
States if they are infected with the
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
(HIV], which causes AIDS, and to
quit marking the passports of
those who art.
At least 36 national organizations, including the American Bar
Association, the American Civil
Liberties Union, the American
Red Cross and the National Lawyers' Guild endorsed the new immigration resolution.
Current policies infringe on human rights and dignity "and they
reinforce a false impression lhat
AIDS and HIVinfection areagen-
eral threat," said Dr. June E.
Osborn, who chairs the commission. "In fact they are sharply restricted in their mode of transmis-
"This policy is discriminatory, it
is unjust, it violates basic human
rights, it inflicts unnecessary
hardship and embarrassment on
an already suffering community.''
said Charles Carman, president of
the World Federation of Hemophil
"For too long irrationality, rather than public health, has governed in this area," said Chai R
Feldblum, legislative counsel to
the American Civil Liberties Union's AIDS project.
The commission said the Immigration and Naturalization Service routinely questions some U.S.
visitors to learn if they are infected
Censorship flap ends after a month at state museum
By DAVID BAUDER
ALBANY. N.Y. (API-The New York
State Museum has quietly reached a
compromise wilh an artist who accused the institution of homophobia
and repression for putting a "warning label" on sexually explicit vide-
The agreement with Buffalo artist
Julie Zando, announced Dec. 29.
ended a month-long standoff with
artists reminiscent of the national
controversy over public funding of
Robert Mapplethorpe's photos of homosexual acts.
"I'm really relieved lhat we got it
done and dismayed that it Cook so
long to get together," said Martin
Sullivan, state museum director.
Zando's four videotapes are part
of an exhibit on New York state
ts that is
until the end of January. Since some
of the videos discuss sexuality and
contain full frontal nudity, the museum wanted to warn parents the
works might not be suitable for
children, Sullivan said.
A sign warning "parental discre
tion is advised" was placed outside
of the room where the videos were
displayed and shown on the screen
before the program started. Zando's
videos were shown once a day.
Zando accused the museum if stifling a free flow of ideas, saying museums aren't like movie theaters
with "PG" and "R" ratings She demanded her videos he pulled from
the exhibit after the museum refused
to remove the warning labels. Five
other Buffalo artists also threatened
to pull their art from the show in
"1 reallj had the sense that they
were going out of their way to prevent people from viewing my work,"
said Zando, a 28-year-old video art-
Sullivan said the
responsibility to protect parents,
since 60 percent of the museum's 1.2
million yearly visitors are children.
He said the controversy was partly a
response to lasl fall's Mapplethorpe
Congress reduced its appropriation to the National Endowment of
the Arts after learning federal mon-
"This is a difficult lime lor artist--,
said Sullivan. "There is a heightened sensitivity to censorship. But
this situation is quite different from
One of the videos, entitled "Hey
Bud," intersperses si-L-nes ofthe 1987
public suicide of Pennsylvania state
treasurer R. Budd Dwyer with those
of a woman unzipping the dress of
another woman. Zando said she
tried to convey her feeling that the
shooting was the more pornograph-
Two of her other short films deal
with seduction between women.
work as being unsuitable for children is reprehensible," said Zando.
Much of her work deals with grow
ing up and the discovery of sexuality, she said.
Zando said she thought museum
officials were queasy about the videos because, in part, they depicted lesbian sex. Sullivan denied this. He
said graphic images of nudity and
violence could be upsetting to children if they're taken out of context.
Curator Nina Felshin. who selected Zando's work for the show and
acted as an intermediary during the
dispute, said she was surprised the
museum had a problem with the vid-
"Nudity just didn't seem like it
would be objectionable m an artistic
context.' Felshin said. "I was really
stunned, quite honestly, when I first
got word that there was going to be a
problem. It just had never occurred
to me. I certainly didn't do it to try to
i the ii
state Council on the Arts leaders
were ordered to testify at a hearing
alt'- the New York Post reported
state grants were used to support
arts projects on transvestism and
Under the compromise reached
Dec. 29, the maseum has agreed to
get rid of the parental discretion
warning shown at the beginning of
the video and Zando has agreed to
accept the warning sign outside of
the small theater.
"I was more interested in letting
the museum know that artists have
rights and they also have a certain
amount of power." said Zando, whose
by HIV and that this has already
caused several international
groups and agencies to boycott important conferences to be held in
the United States n
eased, said several spokesmen for
groups concerned with AIDS,
many international participants
are expected to stay away from the
6th International Conference on
AIDS, in San Francisco June 20-
24, and the 19th International
Congress on Hemophilia, scheduled for Washington in August.
The commission called for immediate administrative steps to
end questioning ot tourists, students and temporary visitors
about their HIV status while applying for visas.
"Tins would eliminate the current practice of stopping travelers
who are carrying AZT, the only licensed anti-HlV drug, and blood
products such as clotting factor
used by hemophiliacs," the corn-
Travel restrictions for people
with HIV began two years ago
when Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C.,
succeeded in adding HIV to a list
of dangerous contagious diseases
considered by the Immigration
and Naturalization Service. A
waiver process was instituted a
year ago for professional conferences, business travel and medical
conferences, hut a code is placed
on the passports of those who re-
Dr. Mervyn Silverman, president of the American Foundation
for AIDS Research, said in a telephone interview from San Francisco that the rules should be
changed because "the policy is not
going to serve any significant public health service but the potential
for discrimination is significant
with a code in your passport
known to everybody"
The resolution called for a comprehensive review by the Departments of State, Justice and Health
and Human Services of immigration policies on communicable diseases, especially HIV infection.
We're working to
bring you a real
repressive instil ution.
We don't pull works of art from a
show because we don't like them." At
the same time, he said, it's not a gallery that regularly features contemporary art.
"We don't want to get people
turned off because we hit them over
the head with something they don't
expect to see" he said.
State officials may simply have
been trying to prevent aeon troversy
from boiling over. In March 1988,
think that's something that they
completely underestimated when
thev first attempted to censor my
Felshin said that, ironically, the
material in Zando's videotape is relatively mild compared to what can
be seen on television these days.
"Quite honestly," shesaid. "I think
if some kids walked in (on the videos) they wouldn't know what all the
fuss is about."