14 MONTROSE VOICE/DECEMBER 24. 1986
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Aries Leads the
By Mark Orion
For Wednesday evening. Dec. 24. through Tuesday
morning. Dec. 30. 1986:
ARIES—Look who's the leader of the
Christmas pack! Assertive, dominant,
able to focus your attention on the
changes in others around you, you're
being admired. You have a special place.
Go ahead and feel good about it.
r IT UWT
Why Foreign Affairs Have
Broken So Many Presidents
Pacific News Service
Why is it that so many presidents this
century have come to grief over foreign
affairs? The answer ultimately lies in
beliefs on war and peace which split the
country more passionately than any
Woodrow Wilson's presidency and
health were shattered by the fury
aroused by his founding of the peacekeeping I-eague of Nations. Harry Truman was politically paralyzed during
the Korean war when hawks wouldn't
let him settle and doves wouldn't let him
win. Eisenhower settled that war and
improved relations with the Russians,
but pacified the hawks by ferocious hostility towards "Red China."
Kennedy came into office as a hawk-
tumed-dove in relations with the Russians, hut then deepened U.S.
involvement in Vietnam to the point of
war. Johnson went over the brink, yet
made U.S. Russian relations into
almost a collaborative venture.
Kennedy was assassinated and Johnson canceled his bid for second term
because of Vietnam.
Nixon became a dove on Russia and
China, but showed his hawkish side in
the ferocious bombing of Indochina and
in abetting the overthrow of Chile's
Dove and hawk issues fueled Watergate. Carter was frozen into inaction
over the Iran hostage crisis by hawk
anger and dove fears. That cost him his
Hawk and dove are words that surfaced during the Vietnam war. Yet their
political meaning goes much deeper
than just views on the use of force.
Hawks, whether conservative or liberal,
believe evil is rampant in the world and
that nations, like individuals, must
always keep themselves armed and vigilant. Doves believe that peace is the
natural human condition, and that
wars, crime and violence are aberrations. Doves believe in talking and negotiating.
All of these presidents have felt hawkish and dovish passions pounding in
on them, and all made secret and
devious moves to advance the pressing
issues of foreign affairs, which in the
end backfired on them.
Now it may be Ronald Reagan's turn.
For six years his odd mix of hawk and
dove gained him popularity. He endless-
ley orated as hawk, yet his kindly
nature bespoke a dovish disposition. He
blasted the Russians, but bit by bit
moved into serious negotiations with
them. He relentlessly tore into terrorism, but pulled the Marines outof Beirut
after they suffered a bloody terrorist
attack. He has made no secret of his
desire to overthrow the Sandinistas, hut
so far has been cautious in directly striking Nicaragua.
It seems as if Reagan had been pursuing a clever zigzag strategy to satisfy
both hawk and dove passions. If the
doves got better relations with the Russians, the hawks got "Star Wars" and
aid for the contras. If the secret opening
to Iran pleased conservatives worried
about oil, Israeli involvement pleased
liberal hawks on Israel.
But the zigzag strategy has now collided with passions on both sides ofthe
political spectrum. The secret Iran arms
deals have angered hawks, who believe
that Khomeini, the PLO, and much of
the Arab world are rank evil. And revelations about the contra link have infuriated doves who are angered by
Reagan's passionate desire to destroy
These same passions were smoldering earlier, but the strategy worked to
keep the fires low. So long as small steps
were taken to produce small "faits
accomplis" in foreign affairs, the passions were not unduly aroused. But of
late, it seemed to many hawks and
doves as if Reagan was about to take
some big steps.
Reagan had evidently made some
extraordinarily dovish proposals on
nuclear arms control at Reykjavik. The
administration was secretly backing a
Saudi-Iranian rapprochement which
would radically change the balance of
power in the Middle East and raise the
world price of oil. And it may have been
positioning itself for an assault against
In this supercharged atmosphere, it
needed only the revelations of a minor
I_ebanese newspaper to set off the Iran-
PNS editor Franz Schurmann teaches history and
sociology at the University of California. Berkeley
817 Fairview—528-9204 ^r^"/^N^§5^
Happy Holidays from Our Staff
Kody, Curtis, Red, John & Ron Sioux
New Year's Eve Drink Specials
Free Champagne at Midnight, also Celebrating Kody's
Buy Your Chances on Our "Diamond Ring" Super Bowl
benefitting the Montrose Clinic
New Year's Day Buffet with Black Eyed Peas &
Trimmings. Happy Hour Prices All Day
Open Sun-Thurs llam-2am; Fri-Sat 7am-2am
TAURUS—Whatever part of you is still
in the closet bolts through the holiday
door. This week gives you the opportunity to be completely yourself. Your life
may take on a whole new meaning. Your
GEMINI—The late present may arrive
and you can start winding up a certain
matter. Creative outlets are highlighted
now and for the next several weeks.
Knowing you, you'll bend your efforts in
very useful directions. Do it!
CANCER—A shift in your normal routine could lead to a dramatic holiday discovery Someone is just waiting to be
explored. But there is so much going on
in your life that if you don't pay attention,
you could walk right past.
LEO—Sometimes, when you get what
you want, you get more than you bargained for. This could be one of those
times. Pay attention to what is cerebral in
your life. And be reasonable with the holiday cruising.
VIRGO—There are some things you
can compromise on and others that you
just cant. Your principles this Christmas
fall into the latter category; stick to 'em.
Days include a meeting, a test and end
with some super romantic hijinks.
LIBRA—Share wanderlust with a
friend Make plans now for an exotic getaway and faraway adventure. The coming new year is the year to go someplace
different. Take care of mundane money
matters, and you can go creative.
SCORPIO-You took the first step, the
right step. Nice move. Now follow up on it
this holiday time. What is a cross between
a chameleon and a turtle called? Might be
a good idea to find out. Then, let something happen on the spur of the moment.
SAGITTARIUS—Capitalize on your
assets this Christmas week. Efforts will
be rewarded. Your holiday social
calendar is active, too, while romance is
an unexpected guest. Something unexpected will give you points to ponder and
later days strike your fancy.
CAPRICORN—What's all this stuff
about being so secretive, all those so-
called enemies? What's all this backroom
business and shady dealings? Let it all
hang out and see what the holidays have
to offer. "Come out. come out, wherever
you are "
AQUARIUS—People come to you this
final week of the year for your advice,
opinion and directions Yoursenseof fair
play is valuable. Don't be rattled by news
of a sensational nature. It could be all hot
air. Days trip by happily.
PISCES—Some holiday promises are
easier made than kept. Try not to make
any more than you can reasonably and
happily follow through on. Good news is
on the way Days close with spice.