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Houston Voice, No. 825, August 16, 1996
File 013
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Houston Voice, No. 825, August 16, 1996 - File 013. 1996-08-16. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/montrose/item/17028/show/17007.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1996-08-16). Houston Voice, No. 825, August 16, 1996 - File 013. Montrose Voice. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/montrose/item/17028/show/17007

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Houston Voice, No. 825, August 16, 1996 - File 013, 1996-08-16, Montrose Voice, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/montrose/item/17028/show/17007.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Houston Voice, No. 825, August 16, 1996
Contributor
  • Bell, Deborah Moncrief
Publisher Window Media
Date August 16, 1996
Language English
Subject
  • LGBTQ community
  • LGBTQ people
  • Gay liberation movement
Place
  • Houston, Texas
Genre
  • newspapers
Type
  • Text
Identifier OCLC: 31485329
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries Special Collections
  • LGBT Research Collection
  • Montrose Voice
Rights In Copyright
Note This item was digitized from materials loaned by the Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM).
Item Description
Title File 013
Transcript 12 HOUSTON VOICE / AUGUST 16, 1996 Immunity to HIV: 'Great White Hope' for Whites? By Patricia Nell Warren As headlines blare the big news about a mutant gene for HIV immunity, I am not too surprised. My years in agriculture and livestock breeding taught me that disease often spurs a living organism to mutate immunity. Some Dutch elms are immune to elm disease. Some food plants are bred to resist disease. Some animals inherit an immunity—to feline leukemia virus, for example. Why should humans be different? What's worrisome about this news is that a racial label might be slapped on the mutant CCR5 gene. According to the Los Angeles Times, one researcher. Dr. Nathan R. Landau, states that around 1 out of 100 Western European whites are genetically resistant to HIV infection. By contrast, the Times said, both ofthe research teams announcing the news are stating that not one among several hundred Africans and Asians had the gene. But hold your horses. What is a "white"? Americans are taught to label themselves racially. Every day, we are presented with forms where we must check the right box for Caucasian, Native American, African American, Asian. Mexican-American, Pacific Islander, or Other. Many of us are "other"—-meaning racially mixed. Yet this significant fact often gets blurred. Why? Because, in so many cultures, the mixed—blood is an outcast. Since the days of slavery and tribal wars, many U.S. families have agonized at "passing for white." Some families stopped at nothing, including altering birth certificates, so they could sweep that Asian or native American grannie, or lhat bunch of "high yellow" cousins, under the rug. So it is one thing to identify as "white," "black," etc. for survival reasons. It is also natural to identify as black or native American when the moment comes to reclaim pride in one's brown skin. But when it comes to scientific scrutiny of the actual millions of genes that are part of one's DNA, labels don't cut it. Take me, for example. I could pass for "white"—fair skin, blue-grey eyes, brown hair. But my native American blood is visible to anybody who looks hard. One many- time s-greatgrandmother of mine, Keziah, no last name recorded, who married a German Quaker in the early 1800s, was evidently an escaped slave. Yet nothing in my outward appearance hints at Keziah's presence in my family tree. Many Americans have a similar background. Some who identify as "black" actually have strong native American blood, going back to intermarriage in early days. Some self-identified Latinos are visibly part African Ameri- Guidelines for community organizations or individual writers interested in having articles printed in The Houston Voice. Please stop by or send a selfaddressed stamped business size envelope to: Guidelines 811 Westheimer #105 Houston, TX 77006. '4 CoHee /Shop 'WO Vl P%*£ .&?** B«fc^ fP& 'l*fi l9s IRy OUR ItaI.an Creme CaIce ***** Biq Variety of VeqqiEs ***** ***CaII In & To Co OitdERS WeIcome 24 Hours*** 1100 West-heImer * 522-5552 can. As for enrolled members of U.S. tribes, few are actually "pure." The rest are mixed-bloods, no matter how intensely they may feel otherwise. People usually "identify" on what they see in the mirror—skin color, hair texture, build, etc. Geneticists refer to this as phenotype—inherited characteristics that are visible, or have a discernible result, as in inherited disease like hemophilia. But there is also genotype—the sum total of our DNA, which includes any recessive characteristics that we carry, but do not visibly express. If an ovum or sperm happens to carry a copy of that hidden gene, it will be quietly passed to the next generation. A single copy of a mutant or recessive gene can be wafted forward for 15 or 20 generations, before its carrier finally mates with another human who happens to have the same characteristic. Then, and only then, will it spring to view—as in hair color, or inherited disability, or immunity. The CCR5 figures are supposedly based on over 1400 Western European "whites." Europeans are mixed too! Since Roman limes, southern Europe was swept by trade, immigration and conquest from North Africa. More recent invasions of genes came from central Asian peoples—Turks, Magyars, Mongols. All these ethnic hues produced a genetic rainbow that gave Hitler nightmares. Since 1960, the genetic swamping of Europe has continued unabated as immigrant workers of every ethnicity have flocked there. Indeed, this tiny, overcrowded continent is now boiling with its own brand of anti—immigrant^B feeling. Europe lily-white? Hardly. So...what is behind the "white" pheno- types in these new studies? Who are their grandparents? Greatgrand- parents? Great-great grandparents? It's easy to see attitude coming, from white supremacists who will seize this research as their "great white hope"— what they view as more "proof" of Aryan superiority. Others, I'm sure, will hope that researchers are already taking a closer look at their subjects' family trees. Maybe, when the final tally is in, they'll find lhat immunity to HIV is influenced by another factor besides race. So sorry, but this mixed-blood doesn't buy A the "white" thing. Patricia Nell Warren is author of "The Front Runner" and other bestselllng books, as well as a widely published commentator. Her publisher is Wildcat Press . Copyright (c) 1996 by Patricia Nell Warren. All Rights Reserved. Genetic Resistance to HIV BY DEBORAH BELL Two sets of researchers have found what appears to be a HIV resistant gene. Described as being present in the genetic makeup of one in every hundred "Whites." Researchers identified a so-called co- factor called CCR5, that is crucial to-the infection of human ceils by HIV earlier this summer it was reported in the Los Angeles Times. The finding offers ihe possibility of developing an effective way to block the spread of the virus and explains why some individuals who have had repeated exposure do not develop the disease. More than 1400 people were studied by iwo teams working in New York and Pennsylvania independently of one another. They have found that cells from the individuals who receive a copy ofthe defective CCR5 gene from each of their parents are completely resistant to HIV infection. The studies showed thai those who received a defective copy of the gene from only one parent, appear to be more resistant to infection, bui are not completely immune. This was reported'as representing about 20% of the White population in Cell and Nature magazines. Because this was found in fair skinned men. who were described as of European descent, the reports use the term "While." This terminology has been questioned by The defective gene has no apparent adverse effects leading researchers to believe that they may be able to develop a drug that will block the CCR5 receptor which could slow the infection rate ofthe. PWA Coalition Listed in 1996 POZ Givers Guide t The People with AIDS Coalition is the only Houston AIDS service organization to be listed for the second year in a row in the POZ Givers Guide. POZ is a monthly nationally distributed magazine dedicated to health, hope and providing HIV education. The Givers Guide looks into the financial health of 70 AIDS service organizations across the country. The guide provides information on how a group raises money and how il spends it before it's given. The guide includes factual information as well as subjective evaluation and comments. It assigned grades for its inaugural 1995 survey. POZ polled seven executive directors and charitable-funding experts in order to establish its grading criteria. POZ used the same criteria to assign grades this year. The guide assigns grades for diversity in funding sources, use of money, cash reserve and representation on its Board of Directors. The coalition, which received higher grades in this survey when compared with the 1995 survey was noted for offering support groups and psychosocial support, direct living support, such as case management services and publishing significant original treatment information. Executive Board President, Ray West commenied, "I am quite proud of the 1996 POZ survey results. We continually strive to improve our current programs while adapting to the changing needs of our friends in Ihe HIV/AIDS community. These clearly reflect our dedication and commitment to providing people living with HIV/AIDS empowered lives in comparison with other HIV/AIDS service organizations nationwide." The People with AIDS Coalition Houston,* , Inc. was founded in 1986 as an organiza-^ tion of. by. and for people infected by HIV/ AIDS. Three quarters of the Coalition's volunteers are people living with HIV/ AIDS. PWACH is a 501(c)(3) organization with offices are located ai 3400 Montrose Blvd. #106, Houston, TX 77006 or call 713/522- 5428.
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