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Problems Incident to Integration in Our Schools by Dr. John W. McFarland
Page 5
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McFarland, John W.. Problems Incident to Integration in Our Schools by Dr. John W. McFarland - Page 5. July 8, 1959. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 13, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/integ/item/422/show/420.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

McFarland, John W.. (July 8, 1959). Problems Incident to Integration in Our Schools by Dr. John W. McFarland - Page 5. University of Houston Integration Records. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/integ/item/422/show/420

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

McFarland, John W., Problems Incident to Integration in Our Schools by Dr. John W. McFarland - Page 5, July 8, 1959, University of Houston Integration Records, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 13, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/integ/item/422/show/420.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Compound Item Description
Title Problems Incident to Integration in Our Schools by Dr. John W. McFarland
Creator (LCNAF)
  • McFarland, John W.
Date July 8, 1959
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Segregation in higher education--United States
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • University of Houston
Genre (AAT)
  • documents (object genre)
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Location ID 1985-005, Box 29, Folder 18
Original Collection President's Office Records
Digital Collection University of Houston Integration Records
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/integ
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This image is in the public domain and may be used freely. If publishing in print, electronically, or on a website, please cite the item using the citation button.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Page 5
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name integ_201401_045_005.jpg
Transcript - 5 - Federal District Judge J. Skelly V right filed the following opinion February 15, 1955, in re Orleans Parish School Board, which expresses well the nature of the problem: "The Supreme Court, in ordering equitable relief in these cases, has decreed that the varied school problems be considered in each case. The problems attendant to desegregation in the deep South are considerably more serious than generally appreciated in some sections of our country. "The problem of changing a people's mores, particularly those with an emotional overlay, is not to be taken lightly. It is a problem which will require the utmost patience, understanding, generosity and forebearance and from all of us of whatever race. "But the magnitude of the problem may not nullify the principle. And the principle is that we are, all of us, free-born Americans with a right to make our way unfettered by sanctions imposed by man because of the work of God. " The important right sought by Negro plaintiffs in the segregation suits is the right to attend a school which is not inferior in quality of instruction, quality of building and facilities, quality of educational opportunity. Negroes in the Houston Independent School District already have this right. They have the right to attend schools planned and designed for their best interests -- schools which provide them excellent educational opportunities and the quality of preparation which will prepare them for admission to college or university. Another right claimed by the plaintiffs is the right to attend the school nearest their home, thus to avoid geographical inconvenience. It is true that five senior high schools for Negroes cannot provide the geographical convenience that ten senior high schools for white students in the same geographical school district can provide. On the other hand, one of the plaintiffs in the Houston segregation case now pending in Federal District Court, Beneva Williams, filed suit in 1956 to seek the right to attend McReynolds Junior High School, within 7 blocks of her home, instead of E. O. Smith Junior High School for colored students, located 20 blocks from her home. In the meantime, she has been promoted from junior high school to senior high school. She now attends Phillis Wheatley Senior High School, which is only 12 blocks from her home. The senior high schools for white students which are nearest to the Williams' residence are Jefferson Davis High School, 3.5 miles from her home; Stephen F. Austin Senior High School, 3.7 miles from her home; and Milby Senior High School, 5. 25 miles from her home. The plea of geographical distance can hardly justify Beneva Williams' plea in the segregation suit. She turns, then, to another point, that a student should not be barred from a public school because of racial discrimination. She claims that she should have the right to attend Davis or Milby or Austin High School, whether it would be convenient or better, or not. This is the plea on the basis of prejudice.