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The Star, No. 1, November 11, 1983
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The Star, No. 1, November 11, 1983 - File 005. 1983-11-11. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. May 27, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/gcam/item/908/show/899.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(1983-11-11). The Star, No. 1, November 11, 1983 - File 005. Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM) Digital Archive. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/gcam/item/908/show/899

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

The Star, No. 1, November 11, 1983 - File 005, 1983-11-11, Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM) Digital Archive, University of Houston Libraries, accessed May 27, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/gcam/item/908/show/899.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title The Star, No. 1, November 11, 1983
Contributor
  • Martinez, Ed
Date November 11, 1983
Language English
Subject
  • LGBTQ community
  • LGBTQ people
Place
  • Austin, Texas
  • San Antonio, Texas
Genre
  • newspapers
Type
  • Text
Identifier OCLC: 783846406
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries Special Collections
  • LGBT Research Collection
  • Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM) Digital Archive
Rights No Copyright - United States
Note This item was digitized from materials loaned by the Gulf Coast Archive and Museum (GCAM).
Item Description
Title File 005
Transcript 4 The Star/ Nov. 11,1983 Better Business in Baghdad by the Bay By Arthur S. Lazere, C.P.A The assassinations of Supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone in 1978 changed the course of gay activism in San Francisco. Milk, on his third try, had been elected to the Board of Supervisors the year before, becoming the first upfront gay elected official of a major city. Euphoria prevailed in the gay community. Established activists experienced a surge of optimism and renewed energy in their quest for social change and legal protection. Many who were previously inactive were inspired by Milk's success to get involved. After Dan White's shooting spree, the mood changed from euphoria to bitterness, from hope to gloom, from a sense of genuine possibilities for positive change to a despairing of such an eventual outcome. The example of violence against a gay man, spread as it was across the front pages and the television screens, quickly elicited imitators. Violence against gay men and women, always a problem, grew markedly in frequency, a trend further stimulated by the implicit message contained in the leniency of the Dan White verdict. Many observed a new and pervading sense of anxiety in the community. In that crucible of thwarted expectations and dashed hopes, a new strength was emerging from a previously unexpected place—San Francisco's gay business community and its fledgling chamber of commerce, the Golden Gate Business Association. Founded in 1974, GGBA had kept a low and closeted profile. (The Tavern Guild, which dates back to the early 1960s, was for many years the more visible and politically-oriented organization of bars, bar employees and related businesses.) San Francisco politicians saw the potential clout of GGBA, even before it was perceived by the membership of the organization itself. GGBA's annual dinner, at which the board of directors for the new year is installed in office, was the first GGBA event I attended, back in 1977. Prominent on the dais and at the speaker's rostrom were Harvey Milk (the proprietor of a camera shop) and George Moscone. Vocal in their support for this emerging gay constituency, the politicians received enthusiatic ovations from an audience Immigration Reform Bill Dealt Death Blow By Larry Bush WASHINGTON, D.C—The comprehensive immigration reform bill favored by House and Senate committee leaders was dealt a death blow by House speaker Tip O'Neill, who refused to allow the bill to come up for a vote on the grounds that Reagan had a private plan to veto the measure. The political do-si-do, however, may not kill off the ch-ances of a vote on a measure to correct the decades-old antigay immigration exclusion. The House Hispanic Caucus, led by Rep. Robert Garcia (D-N.Y.), is drafting a new immigration bill that it claims "will not discriminate" against any group. Garcia, like most of the Hispanic caucus, also is a supporter of gay civil rights, and his staff suggests that gays interested in seeing that the Hispanic bill include the antigay exclusion reform should contact Garcia. Among the congressional blocs expected to back the Hispanic bill, which is also being crafted with the help of Rep. Edward Roybal (D-Calif.), a key player in winning House appropriations committee funding for AIDS, are the Black Congressional Caucus and the Women's Caucus. Both those groups also are well disposed on eliminating antigay discrimination in laws. Garcia's office says that the new immigration bill should be ready to be introduced in January, and should also move to the floor by summer, in time for votes to be recorded for the 1984 elections. grateful for their friendship and awed by such fervent wooing. For many, it was the first awareness of an enfranchisement for gay identity. It certainly felt good to a then recently-arrived immigrant from New York and its City Council's monotonous and disheartening annual rejection of gay rights. Late in 1977, I attended a monthly GGBA membership meeting and unexpectedly found myself elected to the board of directors for 1978. In the class of 1978 were a number of new faces, young and energetic professionals, some emerging from the closet for the first time. (Local gay business groups have found that many of their newer members do not belong to other gay organizations; the business group provides a relatively comfortable, nonpolitical environment for participation by some who feel threatened by the contentiousness, both internal and external, which seems inherent in political clubs.) It was this new energy which brought GGBA firmly out of the closet at the 1979 installation dinner. The dinner program described the organization as "business people who happen to be gay, working together to build a better community." It was the first time the word "gay" had appeared in writing in a GGBA document. The description was sincere in intent and not unsophisticated in its public relations message. "Working together to build a better community" is about as unassailable as motherhood and apple pie. The board was sworn in by supervisor Harry Britt, appointed by Mayor Fein- stein just a few weeks before to the vacant Milk seat. My speech that evening—as newly elected president—was an articulation ofthe concerns I had heard expressed by GGBA's board and membership. The tumultuous and disturbing events through which we had lived in recent months called for a more outspoken Btance on issues that could only be effectively pursued by an upfront organization. During 1979, two situations arose in which the newly-energized GGBA was able to flex its political muscle. An anonymous, aggrieved gay employee of Oakland-based World Airways sent me a copy of a memorandum, addressed by president Ed Daly to all employees. It included the line: "This company doesn't need hoodlums, racketeers (or) queers " GGBA wrote to Daly, but its protests were ignored. A Coors-type boycott was considered. A key problem was that World Airways was outside of San Francisco and subject to no law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. When World later opened a sales office in San Francisco, we immediately registered a complaint with the San Francisco Human Rights Commission. With the cooperation—and legal force—of the Commission, we were able to obtain a pledge of nondiscrimination from the recalcitrant Mr. Daly. The second confrontation of 1979 was of more lasting significance. After the White Night riots, the then-president ofthe powerful San Francisco Chamber of Commerce, Bill Dauer, wrote a scathingly critical piece about the riot in the Chamber's widely-circulated magazine. In a television interview with gay journalist Randy Shilts, Mr. Dauer was asked about the importance of gay tourist dollars. "There are more legitimate ways to get money," he replied. He was quoted in the San Jose Mercury: "The positive effects of the gay community? There are no positive effects." It seemed to me that, as our community's chamber of commerce, it was the responsibility of GGBA to confront our downtown peers. A delegation of GGBA board members met with Dauer and explained its concerns. To Dau- er's credit, we never heard an anti-gay remark from him again, and not long after, he hired two well-known gay activists to work for the chamber. The San Francisco Chamber, observing the rapid growth of GGBA membership, sent its well-commissioned salespeople into the gay community seeking new members. There was always some overlap between the memberships of the two groups. But the GGBA board and membership have long understood that the differences between GGBA and the chamber are not only those of sexual orientation. The chamber is controlled by, and works in the interests of, the major downtown corporations. GGBA, on the other hand, is a group of small merchants and professionals. On issue after issue, we would not be able to work with the chamber. Nevertheless, the chamber was certainly viewing GGBA in a new light. Under Dauer's successor, executive director John Jacobs, the relationship between the organizations improved to the point where, in 1983, when a new delegation from the GGBA board called upon Mr. Jacobs, we were able to secure an endorsement by the chamber of the gay employment rights bill, AB-1, currently pending in the state legislature. Of continuing interest to GGBA has been the thorny problem of police/gay relations. In my installation speech in 1979,1 promised: "If there are incidents of police harassment of gay businesses, as has been suggested in the press recently, GGBA will speak out and make it clear that anywhere, but least of all in San Francisco, such activity is not acceptable and will not be tolerated by this community." Police Chief Charles Gain, an acknowledged friend of the gay community, was at the dinner and demanded equal time. But the good chiefs friendship alone was not sufficient to combat homophobia Gay Mayor Wins Key West Election By Chris Church/Nite Scene Via GPA Wire Service Richard Heyman, 48, overcame "newcomer" status to become Key West's new mayor. With a 436 vote margin, Heyman defeated Richard A. Kerr by a vote of 3605 to 3169. Kerr's campaign stressed "morality" and the fact that he is a "conch"—the islanders' term for a long-time resident. His posters trumpeted, "Your vote will set the moral tone for our community." Heyman stressed tourism and preservation—one the main source of Key West's income, and the other the problem of inadequate utilities. Joe Balbontin, city commissioner and Kerr supporter, stated after Heyman's victory that news of a gay mayor "would bring more of them (gays) down here." Heyman countered by saying that the island's problems have nothing to do with sexual preference. "We have to preserve the character and charm of Key West so it won't become another Miami Beach," he finished. On the Job in the police force. A March 1979 GGBA program on the subject drew an unusually large crowd, some of whom were angry over problems with permits and threatened closings of baths and other sexually oriented establishments. A Chronicle front page headline the next day trumpeted: "Gay Businessmen Boo Police Chief." Since 1979, GGBA has played an active and continuing role in programs to educate police recruits and familiarize them with our community. In addition, we have supported efforts to recruit lesbian and gay officers into the San Francisco police force. Lazere is on the board of the San Francisco Industrial Development Authority. His column originates at the "Bay Area Reporter," a San Francisco gay newspaper. t iJlOHT $o. 2315 San Pedro San Antonio, Texas 734-3399 San Antonio's Only NEW-WAVE ROCK AND BLITZ NITE CLUB! 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