...;. and outers, particularly bar
\ bara Gittings. began the diah-^uc
With the New York Stonewall
Riot of I9fi9, the ga.\ movement
took its present militant turn.
Burgeoning gay groups demanded
a diagnostic change--and they used
confrontation tactics. The 1970
APA Convention was jolted b.v an
eruption of gay militants, led by
Larry Littlejohn and others from
San Francisco's Gay Liberatior
Front and Society for Individual
Rights. The following year in
Washington. Kameny caused a stii
by seizing the microphone at the
Convocation, and Gittings. led :■■
"zap" against aversion therapists
People within the profession
notablv \PA Vice President Dr
■Judd Marmor, began u> -.peak out
Dallas. 1972, was a quieter affair
Gittings and Kameny had their own
"Gay, Proud and Healthy" exhibit
and a panel chaired by Dr. Kent
Robinson, featured a masked gay
psychiatrist. Dr. Richard PiJlard
and Dr. Lawrence Hartman. for the
Massachusetts Psychiatric Society
drafted a nomenclature change resolution, and the Nomenclature
Task Force, under Dr. Henry Brill
The final phase began in New
York in the Winter of 1972. when
Ronald Gold led a Gay Activists
Alliance zap on a beha\iorist convention--and Dr. Robert L. Spitzer
a member of the Nomenclature
Task Force, had his "consciousness raised." Spitzera.'ranged for
a meeting between the Task Force
and a group of gay professionals
led by Charles Silverstein, and he
invited Gold to speak at the 1973
Honolulu Convention, on a panel
entitled 'Should Homosexuality be
in the APA Nomenclature?"
Spitzer's two proposals were
formulated after that well-attended
and well-publicized panel. They
were submitted to his own group,
and were then passed by a majority vote at the Assembly of District Branches and the Council on
Research and Development, and by
a unanimous vote of the Reference Committee. A vote by the
Board of Trustees is all that remains to make them official APA
Contact: R.'iiY.I'd Gold Communications Direct(;i National (lav-
Task Force ( »__*> 741-1010
20,000,000 Gay Americans to
Get Instant "Cure"
Time: 12:30 p.m., Saturday December 15, 1973
Place: American Psychiatric Association Headquarters, 1700 18th
St. NW Washington, D.C.
Event: Press conference to announce the vote of the Board of
Trustees of the American Psychiatric Assn. on resolutions (attached l)removinghomosexuality from
the APA list of psychiatric disorders; and 2) urging repeal of all
laws regarding sexual behavior between consenting adults, and calling or civil-rights laws to protect gay people from discrimination in employment and all other
areas of public and private endeavor.
Dr. Alfred Freedman, President of the APA will conduct the
conference, along with Dr. John P.
-. ■■ ;; esidtiiiL-elect: i)f. Wall-
irton, medical director;
:>? Russell Monroe, chairman of
.h< Council on Research and Development; and Dr. Robert L. Spit-
'(.■i h member of the Task Force
on Nomenclature and Statistics and
author of the two proposals.
Beginning at 10a.m., December
15, ieaders of the gay liberation
movement will be available at APA
Headquarters to discuss the significance of the vote to 20,000,000
gay Americans. These leaders,
who have been invited to attend
.no conference, and will be available afterward for further comment, include Dr. Howard Brown,
chairman, and Dr. Bruce Voeller,
executive director of the National
Gay Task Force; and four individuals who have been most instrumental in pushing the APA toward
a policy change; Barbara Gittings'
of Philadelphia; Dr. Franklyn
Kameny of the Mattachine Society
of Washington; Charles Silverstein
of the Institute for Human Identity,
New York; and Ronald Gold Communications Director of the National
Gay Task Force Board of Directors.
Contact: Ronald Gold 212 741-1010
Resolutions Regarding Homosexuality to be Voted on Dec. 1973
By Board of Trustees of American Psychiatric Association
I. Removal of homosexuality per
se from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Psychiatric Disorders and substitution of the following new category and definition:
302.0 Sexual orientation disturbance:
This category is for individuals whose sexual interests are
directed primarily toward people
of the same sex and who are
either bothered by, in conflict with,
or wish to change their sexual
orientations. This diagnostic category is distinguished from homosexuality, which by itself does not
constitute a psychiatric disorder.
Homosexuality per se is a form of
sexual behavior and like other
forms of sexual behavior which
are not by themselves psychiatric
disorders, is not listed in this
nomenclature of mental disorders.
II. Civil rights and sodomy repeal statement:
Wheras homosexuality per se
implies no impairment in judgment
stability, reliability or general
social or vocational capabilities,
therefore, be it resolved, that the
American Psychiatric Assn. deplores all public and private discrimination against homosexuals
in such areas as employment,
housing, public accomodations and
licensing, and declares that no
burden of proof of such judgment,
capacity or reliability shall be
placed upon homosexuals greater
than that imposed on any other
person. Further, the American
Psychiatric Assn. supports and
urges the repeal of all legislation
making criminal offenses of sexual acts performed by consenting
adults in private.
( The American Psychiatric
Assn. is, of course, aware that
many other persons in addition to
homosexuals are irrationally denied their civil rights on the basis
of pejorative connotations derived
from diagnostic or descriptive terminology used in psychiatry, such
as schizophrenia and deplores all
such discrimination. This resolution singles out discrimination
against homosexuals only because
of the pervasive discriminatory
4615 Mt. Vernon
acts directed against homosexual
Both resolutions are authored
by Dr. Robert L. Spitzer of New
York, a Member of the APA Task
Force on Nomenclature and Statistics. They have been voted on
favorably over the past two months
by the APA Assembly of District Branches, the Council on Research andDevelopment, and the
Ann & Abby
Dear Ann Landers: I trust you
read the page one story in your
parent paper, the Chicago Sun-
Times, stating that homosexuality
is now "off the sick list."
The American Psychiatric
Assn. announced that homosexuality has been removed from
the lexicon of diseases. A spokesman for the Gay Movement heralded the announcement as "an
The American Psychiatric
Assn. also asked federal, state and
local governments to end all forms
of discrimination against homo-
Gay Task Force leader Dr.
Frank G. Kameny said he hoped
the action of the American Psy-
heart by Ann Landers because '' she
is one of the country's most influential opinion molders and her
impact on American thinking is
How about it, Ann Landers?
Are you big enough to reverse
yourself and give the gay pop-
Waiting to Hear
Dear Waiting: I did indeed
read that the American Psychiatric
Assn. had voted to remove homosexuality from the "sick List."
I also read the following state-
I also read the following statement, which perhaps you missed
It was issued as the APA's official position by the board of
Trustees. Here it is:...
"For a mental condition to be
considered a psychiatric disorder,
considered a psychiatric disorder,
it should either regularly cause
emotional distress or regularly be
associated with generalized impairment of social functioning,
pairment of social functioning.
Homosexuality does not meet these
criteria. This is not to say that
it is as desirable as heterosexuality."
sexuals are sick, in the sense that
homosexuality is dysfunction a
form of aberrant behavior. My opinion has not changed. When the
APA says homosexuality is "not
normal" they are saying, inadiff-
all along. But labels can be danger
ously misleading, and herein lies
part of the problem.
lam 18 years ahead of the American Psychiatric Assn. in
appealing to federal, state and
local governments to stop discriminating against homosexuals.
Illinois was the first state in
the union to pass legislation declaring homosexuality between consenting adults no longer a crime.
To quote Dr. Frank G. Kameny,
"one of the country's most influential opinion makers" had something to do with this giant step
toward human understanding. I am
currently battling to have all questions relating to sexual behavior
removed from employment applications. I am also fighting to protect homosexuals from job dismissal or demotion.
And now about the "sick" label.
In my opinion, the heterosexual
who is at war with himself, abuses
others, engages in orgies, excessive drinking or drug abuse is sicker
than the homosexual whoisatpeace
with himself and is a procuctive
member of society.
P.S. In May 1972, I received
the ReberU T.-Morse Award far
"outstanding contribution to the
public's under-standing of psychiatry." I consider this one of my
most meaningful citations. It was
presented to me by the American
Dear Abby: Thank you for trying
to get parents to accept their homosexual children as they are. Mine
never would, and I almost had a
nervous breakdown trying to keep
it from them.
Abby we need love and acceptance from our parents even more
than heterosexual children do. But
how can children ever hope to educate their parents? They read
your column. Can you help?
Gay and Hurting
Dear Hurting: Perhaps if your
parents read the classic letter Dr.
Freud wrote to the mother of a
homosexual on April 9, 1935, it
would help them to understand, I
hope so. Here it is:
I gather from your letter that
your son is a homosexual. I am
most impressed by the fact that
you do not mention this term yourself in your information about him.
May I question you, why you avoid
it? Homosexuality is assuredly no
advantage, but it is nothing to be
ashamed of, no vice, no degradation
it cannot be classified as anillness
we consider it to be a variation
of the sexual function produced by
a certain arrest of sexual development.
Many highly respectable individuals of ancient and modern
times have been homosexuals, sev-