OLYMPICS continued from
Boglioli, Jill Strekel and Shirley
Babashoff set a world record,
and Lu Ann Ryan took a gold in
The gold medal US. Equestrian team also had a woman,
Mary Anne Tauskey. The U.S.
Gymnastics team finished sixth
overall and sent only one member to the all-around finals.
In the field events, the only
U.S. medal-winners were high-
schooler Kathy McMillan with a
silver in the Long Jump and
"Kate the Great" Schmidt with
a repeat bronze medal in the
Javelin. The U.S. women's crew
rowing in their first international
competition, took a silver, as did
the U.S. women's Basketball
team, Joan Lind in the single
sculls, and Margaret Murdock in
the three position small bore
To understand what happened to the United States women's Olympic team to make
this year one one of their worst
ever, consider three factors.
First is the attitude toward
women athletes that prevails in
the U.S. That subject has been
covered thoroughly by the feminist press recently. Until American girls and women are given
the same physical education and
athletic opportunities as boys
and men, the United States will
never again have a competitive
In East European countries
such as East Germany and the
Soviet Union, female athletes already get the same training and
coaching as men. Asked by Jim
McKay why U.S. women swimmers were not going better, ABC
commentator Donna DeVerona
STONES continued from
had passed by the billboard
every time she drove down the
Strip. It disturbed her and one
day, on the way to a concert,
she saw the words "This is a
Crime Against Women" in bold
"Although I was late for my
date, I turned around and got
the photo. Good thing, too,"
Malarek said, "because the sign
was gone by 6:00 the next
morning. Atlantic works fast."
But the ad image continues
to be used to promote the album
and record stores in the Houston
area are still carrying the album,
although many admit "sales are
Also, locally, the Houston
Organization Against Sexism in
the Media, formed as a direct result of the Rolling Stones'
"Black and Blue" album and its
promotional campaign. They
are supporting a national boycott of the album and all the
Atlantic and Warner Communication, Inc. products, including
Electra, Non Such and Warner
Brothers Records and Wonder
The Houston OASM said in
a release that they are currently
involved in a massive phone-calling and letter-writing petition
and in a general educational
campaign on sexism in the media
and on the "Black and Blue" album in particular.
Beth Avocado-Blossom, one
of the Houston OASM coordinators, said one of their most suc-
cesful campaigns was the harassment of local Atlantic Records
distributor, John Dunaway, who
told her and Breakthrough that
he was no longer with the company and to "please leave me a-
lone. You're driving me crazy."
suggested women may perform
better in the future because of
the new Title IX anti-discrimination rules.
If a budding athlete survives
the apathy and/or hostility of
the educational system and
prove herself to be of Olympic
caliber, she must confront the
second factor limiting Olympic
success, the governing bodies of
athletics in the United States,
the National Collegiate Athletic
Association, the Amateur Athletic Union and the American
Chauvinism again prevails,
and the prospective Olympian
soon finds herself a second class
citizen. She does not receive
equal training, coaching, facilities, nor anything else.
The men's teams train under
atmospheric conditions similar
to those under which they will
compete (as happened in the
1968 Olympics where the men
trained in Oregon while the women trained in New England).
The men's teams travel to Europe for pre-Olympic meets so
that they can measure their performance against their future
competitors. The women, if
they are lucky, compete against
The list of inequities is long.
But there are some things that
an Olympian may be sure of
when she places herself in the
hands of the governing body of
Olympic sports. She is chaperoned. She has to take a "sex
test." She receives the second
best coaches (the best go to the
men), and she is not allowed to
speak freely about the conditions under which she labors.
Anne Henning, outspoken U.S.
women's speed skating coach,
was severely censored last winter
for such a "lapse."
The third factor in the success or failure of the U.S. women's teams is the media. They
are responsible for bringing the
Olympics to millions, and their
attitudes strongly influence perceptions of the games.
Their treatment of the women's teams has been uniformly
poor. Before the 1968 Olympics
in Mexico City, the U.S. media
kept two entirely separate sets
of scores for the Olympics, the
men's and the women's. The
reason was that a combined
score, with the extremely strong
Soviet women's teams, would
have shown the U.S. not as
strong as the media pretended.
The U.S. men traditionally dominated their events, but including the women's scores would
make the communist countries
In 1968, this changed as the
communist countries began to
field stronger men's teams. Suddenly the U.S. men needed the
medal production of the women
to keep them in first place. The
"sex test" was also introduced in
The Soviets caught on to
single scoring first and immediately elevated their women's
programs. As a result they
"won" the 1972 Munich Olympics. East Germany, Romania
and others jumped on the bandwagon, and the results were evident in Montreal.
Even though the women's
medals were needed for an
American victory, the U.S. media continued to treat the women's team as an afterthought.
Invariably, pre-Olympic meets
for men received extensive coverage while the women's pre-
Olympic meet results were relegated to the back pages in tiny
And when women were
mentioned, Sports Illustrated
writers and ABC commentators
assured the world that U.S. women would perform better than
ever. The truth was that they
were, if anything, weaker than
U.S. record holders like
Shirley Babashoff, Jan Merrill,
Francie LaRue, Debra Sapenter
and Jane Fredrichs became, in
the eyes of the media, potential
gold medal winners. Although
these were American record
holders, theirs were below the
World records-sometimes way
below. In fairness, the media
hyped the men's track and field
Since the great things expected of them failed to occur,
ABC soon began devoting less
and less time to covering the women.
Legislation alone will not
cure the problems faced by
American women athletes. Laws
will not change the attitudes of
the U.S. Olympic Committee or
the media. Help is not on the
way. Woman's fight for equality
in athletics has just begun.
TESTING & INFORMATION
868 - 4483
BIRKENSTOCKS AT THE HOBBITHOLE
HEAITH FOOD STORE 1715 S. SHEPARD
Made by Designed by
The Houston Women's
Health Collective is compiling a
referral service, Our goal is to
know which doctors women are
going to and what quality of
medical care women are receiving. We are particularly interested in OB/Gyn doctors, but
also are taking information on
GP's, dentists and any doctors
who are outstanding-good or
bad. Our files are open to anyone who is looking for a doctor.
Every woman has had a bad
experience with a doctor. We
are interested in your horror
stories but we are particularly
interested in locating good doc
tors so that we can help every
woman find a doctor to whom
she can relate.
In addition to our doctor
survey, we have information on
low-cost clinic health care in
Houston. We ask every woman
who reads Breakthrough to participate in our referral service.
Make copies of our questionnaire for your friends to fill out.
We want doctor referrals from
every woman we can reach.
Please mail completed questionnaires to:
Houston Breakthrough, Doctor
Files, P.O. Box 88072, Houston
Name of Doctor.
Type of Doctor: OB/Gyn GP other
Fee for the first visit Date of most recent visit.
Why did you consult a doctor? Routine pap smear,
infection Birth control— other
Did doctor take a thorough medical history from you?__
Did doctor do a pap smear? If not, why not?__
Did doctor advise you to have a pap smear done every year?_
Did doctor explain everything she or he did to you, answering all
your questions to your satisfaction?
Did you feel comfortable discussing your symptoms with this
Did doctor encourage you by her or his attitude and words to learn
more about your body and the health problem for which you sought
the doctor's advice?
If doctor prescribed any drugs for you, did she or he identify and
describe the drugs to your satisfaction?
Did doctor fitting a diaphragm show you how to insert it properly
and check to see that it is in place to your satisfaction?
Did doctor inserting an IUD discuss its risks with you?
Did doctor prescribing the Pill discuss known harmful side effects
and risks with you?
Did doctor do a breast exam?_
Did she or he show you how
to examine your own breasts for lumps and advise you to do it
Did doctor discuss nutrition or exercise at all in relation to your
Will this doctor administer birth control to any woman who asks for
it? yes no married women only adult women
(over 18) only.
Does this doctor take medicare and medicaid patients? yes
just medicare just medicaid neither
Did you feel comfortable discussing your symptoms with this
Did doctor say or do anything sexually offensive to you?
If so, please elaborate
Do you plan to return to this doctor?.
Do you recommend that other women seek the advice of this
doctor? Why or why not?
We welcome all of your comments. Please attach additional paper.
Thank you for your part in helping Houston women get better
health care. Mail your completed questionnaire to: Houston
Breakthrough, Doctor Files, P.O. Box 88072, Houston, 77004.