Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Houston Breakthrough, Vol. 2, No. 9, October 1977
Page 5
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Houston Breakthrough, Vol. 2, No. 9, October 1977 - Page 5. October 1977. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. May 10, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/2779/show/2767.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(October 1977). Houston Breakthrough, Vol. 2, No. 9, October 1977 - Page 5. Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/2779/show/2767

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Houston Breakthrough, Vol. 2, No. 9, October 1977 - Page 5, October 1977, Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed May 10, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/2779/show/2767.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Houston Breakthrough, Vol. 2, No. 9, October 1977
Publisher Breakthrough Publishing Co.
Date October 1977
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Women
  • Periodicals
  • Feminism--United States--Periodicals
  • Newsletters
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Houston, Texas
Genre (AAT)
  • periodicals
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Location HQ1101 .B74
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b2332724~S11
Digital Collection Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction Educational use only, no other permissions given. Copyright to this resource is held by the content creator, author, artist or other entity, and is provided here for educational purposes only. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the copyright owner. For more information please see UH Digital Library Fair Use policy on the UH Digital Library About page.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Page 5
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name femin_201109_532e.jpg
Transcript By Carol Bartholdi There are eight positions on the Houston City Council, and during this November's election there are eight incumbents. Being an incumbent has certain distinct advantages when it comes to running a campaign. In a city with approximately 600,000 voters, it is almost financially and politically impossible for challengers to wage a successful enough campaign to overcome the name recognition that accompanies incumbency. Two of the city council members are running unopposed: Frank Mancuso, in District E, and Johnny Goyen for councilman at large, Position 3. These two men have been on the council for 13 years and 20 years respectively. Among the other council members, Frank Mann, councilman at large, Position 2, has served the city in this capacity since 1959. Homer Ford has been elected for six two-year terms from District D. The other men are relative newcomers to the council: Jim Westmoreland, elected in 1973 as councilmember at large, Position 1; Larry McKaskle, in the district B council seat since 1969; Louis Macey, elected to District C seat in 1975, and Judson Robinson, Jr., elected to District A in 1971. Four of the eight members have been on the council for more than ten years. Some persons have suggested changing the city charter so that council members' terms would be limited in duration. Last June, Mayor Hofheinz proposed several changes for the city government. They included a suggestion to double the length of the terms of three at large city council seats to four years, and limit office- holding to two consecutive terms. Breakthrough spoke to several of the challengers and asked them if they were encoutering special problems trying to unseat a council member. "Anyone who runs against an incumbent will have difficulty because historical myth is that the incumbent wins," said Merylyn Whited, candidate from District C, running against Louis Macey. "We're working an uphill battle. I don't know if I want to gamble on you, is what people think," she said. Whited believes that the number of terms a person can serve on the council should be limited to two, and that the terms should be four years long. The elections should be staggered also, she said, "so that every two years everyone is not out campaigning." Kathryn Ross, a newcomer challenging Frank Mann for Position 2, says that she also has faced problems challenging an incumbent. "It is difficult trying to make contacts, it's hard to break in," she said. "For two years, the news media have been covering the meetings of the city council. It is the incumbents' faces that the people see often. People know their names." "In addition, it is difficult to get financial support," said Ross. "It takes money to get radio and TV spots and printing. People who have been on the council are more likely to get financial support." She stressed that groups are more likely to support the person they believe has the better chance of winning "because they are practical, and don't believe any one can beat the incumbent, and they want him on their side." Ross also would like to see four year terms for council members and staggered elections. Francis Page, a challenger to Homer Ford in District D, agrees with Whited and Ross. He said that the name identification of the incumbent is a great advantage. Challengers of incumbents often have financial troubles in running their campaigns, because "people don't believe they can do it," he said. "It is real interesting, but the smart money will go with the incumbent," said Page, "because people like to bet on a winner." One candidate for city council, Jack Lee, dropped out of the race last July for financial reasons. According to the Houston Post, Lee said Houston business people were "afraid to put their money on the line against an incumbent." All of these candidates agreed that challenging an incumbent is a difficult task. However, they all also agreed that there is an even greater problem. That is the system of voting in Houston. "Probably the biggest problem is the city wide vote," said Page. "A candidate has to try to be everywhere at once," he said, because he or she must be known throughout the city, not only in one district. Carol Bartholdi is working on her master's thesis from the University of Missouri School of Journalism. 1 1 jOaflRYFTROSS FOR Houston City Council MOBILE HDQS. PAGE 4 OCTOBER 1977 HOUSTON BREAKTHROUGH JANICE BLUE