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NOW News Bay Area Chapter, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 1981
Page 11
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NOW News Bay Area Chapter, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 1981 - Page 11. January 1981. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 21, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/2670/show/2666.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(January 1981). NOW News Bay Area Chapter, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 1981 - Page 11. Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/2670/show/2666

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

NOW News Bay Area Chapter, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 1981 - Page 11, January 1981, Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 21, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/2670/show/2666.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title NOW News Bay Area Chapter, Vol. 9, No. 3, March 1981
Publisher National Organization for Women, Bay Area Chapter
Date January 1981
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Women
  • Periodicals
  • Feminism--United States--Periodicals
  • Newsletters
Subject.Name (LCNAF)
  • National Organization for Women
Genre (AAT)
  • periodicals
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Location HQ1101 .N682
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b2332563~S11
Digital Collection Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction Educational use only, no other permissions given. Copyright to this resource is held by the content creator, author, artist or other entity, and is provided here for educational purposes only. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the copyright owner. For more information please see UH Digital Library Fair Use policy on the UH Digital Library About page.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Page 11
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  • image/jpeg
File Name femin_201109_238k.jpg
Transcript SUPREME COURT HAS REPEATEDLY FOUND THAT WOMEN ARE NOT PERSONS (LEGALLY) Ratified in 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution reads: "No state-..shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law." This amendment has been used successfully to protect men, minority races, aliens, corporations and habitual criminals—but rarely women! Some examples: 1874—Minor v. Happersett 21 Wallace 162—Denial to women of right to vote-- constitutional. 1886—Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific RR 118 U.S. 394--Denial to corporation of right to "person" status—unconstitutional. 1872—Myra Bradwell v. State 83 U.S. 187—Denial to women of right to have license to practice law—constitutional. 1886—Yick Wo v. Hopkins 118 U.S. 356—Denial to Orientals of right to have licenses to operate laundries—unconstitutional. 1915—Truax v. Raich 293 U.S. 33—Denial to alien of right to be a cook.-- unconstitutional. 1905—Lochner v. New York 198 U.S. 45—Denial of right of men to work as many hours as they wishedT-unconstitutional. 1908—Muller v. Oregon 208 U.S. 412—Denial of right of women to work as many hours as they wished—constitutional. 1938—Gaines v. Canada 305 U.S. 337—Denial to Negroes of admission to state's only law school--unconstitutional. 1959—Heaton v. Bristol 359 U.S. 230—Denial to women of admission to the state's only floricultural school--constitutional. (Refused review). 1942—Skinner v. Oklahoma 316 U.S. 535—Denial to habitual criminals of reproductive potential—unconstitutional. 1880—Strauder v. West Virginia 100 U.S. 303—Denial to accused Negro of the right to have Negroes in jury—unconstitutional. 1932—Welosky v. Massachusetts 284 U.S. 684—Denial to accused woman of the right to have women in jury—constitutional. (Refused review). 1948—Goesart v. Cleary 335-U.S. 464—Denial to women of right to employment as barmaid unless daughter or wife of bar-owner—constitutional. 1961—Hoyt v. Florida 368 U.S. 57—Denial to women of the right to equal jury admission—constitutional. 1968—Mengelkoch v. California et al. 393 U.S. 993—Denial to women of right to equal labor hours law—constitutional. (Refused review). * "1971—Reed v. Reed 404 U.S. 71—Denial to women of equal right with men to administer estate of deceased relative—unconstitutional. * 1972—Fror.tiero v. Richardson 411 U.S. 677—Denial to husbands of Air Force officers equal basis with wives of Air Force officers to receive dependency benefits— unconstitutional. 1974—Geduldig v. Aiello 417 U.S. 484—Denial to women of pregnancy-based disability coverage in California disability insurance plan—constitutional. "Laws which disable women from full participation in the political, business, and economic arenas are often characterized as 'protective1 and beneficial. These same laws applied to racial or ethnic minorities would readily be recognized as invidious and impermissible. THE PEDESTAL UPON WHICH WOMEN HAVE BEEN PLACED HAS ALL TOO OFTEN, UPON CLOSER INSPECTION, BEEN REVEALED AS A CAGE." -California Supreme Court, 1971. The Equal Rights Amendment (Full Text) Proposed Amendment XXVII. March 22, 1972. Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex. Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.