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Houston Breakthrough Special Election Issue, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 1978
Page 23
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Houston Breakthrough Special Election Issue, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 1978 - Page 23. April 1978. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. June 1, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/257/show/246.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(April 1978). Houston Breakthrough Special Election Issue, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 1978 - Page 23. Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/257/show/246

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Houston Breakthrough Special Election Issue, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 1978 - Page 23, April 1978, Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed June 1, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/257/show/246.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Houston Breakthrough Special Election Issue, Vol. 3, No. 4, April 1978
Publisher Breakthrough Publishing Co.
Date April 1978
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Women
  • Periodicals
  • Feminism--United States--Periodicals
  • Newsletters
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Houston, Texas
Genre (AAT)
  • periodicals
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Location HQ1101 .B74
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b2332724~S11
Digital Collection Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction Educational use only, no other permissions given. Copyright to this resource is held by the content creator, author, artist or other entity, and is provided here for educational purposes only. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the copyright owner. For more information please see UH Digital Library Fair Use policy on the UH Digital Library About page.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Page 23
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name femin_201109_539aw.jpg
Transcript IS IT TIME? IS IT TIME TO RENEW YOUR SUBSCRIPTION? Look on your mailing label: The numbers in the upper right corner indicate the month and the year that your subscription expires. For example, "8-79" means that the August 1979 issue is the last one that your subscription entitles you to receive. If you have only two or three months left on your subscription, PLEASE RENEW TODAY! We cannot emphasize enough the importance of your early renewal. We do not have a paid circulation staff. Subscribers, like you, come in after their regular working hours to update the new subscriptions, record changes of address, type mailing labels and send renewal notices. This is a full-time effort, done on a part-time basis! You can save us all time, energy and money (postal costs deplete our budget for necessities) by renewing early! It's easy. Simply drop a check into an envelope ($5 for one year, $9 for two, $12 for three) and mail to Houston Breakthrough P.O. Box 88072 Houston, TX 77004. We need your vote of confidence . Renew today and don't miss a single issue! CARL RENTZ NOSTALGIA Original Prints - Covers - Old Advertising ROCKWELL - PARRISH - LEYENDECKER - ETC. 523-1566 2404 Hopkins (Fairview and Montrose area) Houston, Texas 77006 Jim Farrell has been endorsed both by his colleagues and: • Women Lawyer's Association • Women's Political Caucus • North Houston Lawyer's Association • Area Five Democrats • Suburban Lawyer's Association We appreciate your vote. Jim Farrell for JUDGE COUNTY CRIMINAL COURT #2 Paid for by Jim Farrell for Judge Committee, Phillip Farrell, Chairman, 609 Fannin, Houston, Texas 77002 County Courts Special thanks to Jerry McAfee, Marilyn Marshall Jones and Brad Morris for researching and editing this article. Each election year Harris County voters are inundated with campaign promises from the numerous candidates for our jstate and federal legislatures. However, little is generally heard from our local judicial candidates. We see faces on billboards and hear names on the radio, but seldom hear these candidates discuss judicial issues or the role of the court to which they aspire. And when it comes time to choose between these candidates, the record shows that fewer than half of us who show up at the polls exercise our right to vote in the judicial races. The irony is that the people whom we elect to these offices may make decisions that directly affect our lives. Legislators do write our laws, but judges regularly interpret, define and apply these laws. Judges can dismiss our rape cases, take away our children, our property or our freedom. By any standard, they have significant power in our society. There are an awesome 77 judicial positions which are filled by the electorate. The judges serve for a four year term and are elected on a county-wide basis except justices of the peace. They are elected on a precinct basis. Municipal judges are appointed by the Mayor. Before we can educatedly choose these judges, we must first be acquainted with the organization of the judicial system in Harris County. There are two separate criteria which determine which kind of case any individual judge will hear. These are: 1. the subject matter of the suit and 2. the amount of money involved in the suit. Viewing judges, and their courts, from the standpoint of the subject matter of the suit reveals that there are two types of courts in every county throughout the State of Texas: civil courts and criminal courts. The criminal courts hear cases involving violations of the criminal law, and civil courts hear all other cases. Criminal Courts Criminal district courts handle only criminal cases in which the punishment is for an alleged offense against the law of a felony nature. A felony is a crime for which the punishment can range from a minimum of two years in prison and up to $5,000.00 fine (third degree felony) up to a maximum of capital punishment. County criminal courts at law consider cases where the punishment for an alleged offense against the law is of a misdemeanor nature. A misdemeanor is an offense against the law for which the punishment ranges from a minimum of a $200.00 fine to a maximum of one year in jail or $2,000.00 fine or both. Justice of the peace courts hear a limited number of criminal cases as well. The number of cases they hear is limited because they consider only offenses in which the punishment is $200.00 or less. Municipal courts hear cases involving violations of city ordinances such as traffic regulations. Civil Courts Civil district courts handle disputes where the amount of money in controversy is $500.00 or more. They are also known as courts of general jurisdiction meaning that the civil district courts hear cases which are not specifically designated to some other court. Family district courts (previously known as courts of domestic relations) consider cases involving divorces and all of the problems arising out of divorces including custody of children, visitation rights and division of property. They also hear adoption cases. Juvenile courts hear cases in which a juvenile has allegedly violated a criminal law, or done something which suggests that there is a need of some sort of court ordered supervision. As a practical matter, juveniles, due to their age, are tried for committing a crime without the trial being a criminal proceeding. By virtue of recent legislation, juvenile courts are now known as family district courts. Probate courts handle cases relating to the estates of deceased persons. They also deal with persons of unsound mind or habitual drunkards (i.e. those in need of committment to some sort of mental institution). The justice of the peace courts consider cases in which the amount in controversy is $200.00 or less. They also have exclusive jurisdiction of forcible entry and detainer cases (in which a landlord wants to eject a tenant for nonpayment of rent or whatever). A "JP's" jurisdictional territory is limited to the precinct of residence. Harris County is divided into eight such justice precincts and two Justices of the Peace are elected in each precinct. The contested judgeship races in the Democratic pimary this year are: 245th Judicial Dist. Ct. (*FD) 246th Judicial Dist. Ct. (FD) 247th Judicial Dist. Ct. (FD) 248th Judicial Dist. Ct. (**CrD) 263rd Judicial Dist. Ct. (CrD) 308th Judicial Dist. Ct. (FD) 312th Judicial Dist. Ct. (FD) County Crim. Ct. No. 2 County Crim. Ct. No. 3 County Crim. Ct. No. 6 County Crim. Ct. No. 8 County Civil Ct. No. 1 Probate Court No. 1 JP - Pet. 4, Pos. 1 JP - Pet. 6, Pos. 2 JP - Pet. 8, Pos. 1 : Schuble, Shivers : Greene, Peavy, Thorne : Harrison, Levy, Wettman : James, Stafford : Beene, Burns, Bush, Clayton, Dassa, Dunn, Ellis, Hearn, Hernandez, Hocker, Moore, Plummer, Powell, White : Echols, Stewart : Holloway, Johnson, Salazar, Thiel : Berrera, Brady, Ferrell, Sanders, Stack : Duncan, Wiesenthal : Bonner, Gay, Hazel, Most, Musselwhite, Roberson, Schilter : Hargrove, McAfee, Mendoza, Richardson : Miller, Witenberg : Bear, Richter : Howell, McElroy : Compion, Rodriguez : Dixon, Wilson *FD —Family district courts handling family law matters **CrD—Criminal district courts (60 candidates are running for 17 judicial positions) 22 HOUSTON BREAKTHROUGH APRIL 1978