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Houston Breakthrough, November 1979
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Houston Breakthrough, November 1979 - Page 10. November 1979. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 18, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/1660/show/1637.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(November 1979). Houston Breakthrough, November 1979 - Page 10. Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/1660/show/1637

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Houston Breakthrough, November 1979 - Page 10, November 1979, Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 18, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist/item/1660/show/1637.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Houston Breakthrough, November 1979
Publisher Breakthrough Publishing Co.
Date November 1979
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Women
  • Periodicals
  • Feminism--United States--Periodicals
  • Newsletters
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Houston, Texas
Genre (AAT)
  • periodicals
Language English
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
  • Image
Original Item Location HQ1101 .B74
Original Item URL http://library.uh.edu/record=b2332724~S11
Digital Collection Houston and Texas Feminist and Lesbian Newsletters
Digital Collection URL http://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/feminist
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction Educational use only, no other permissions given. Copyright to this resource is held by the content creator, author, artist or other entity, and is provided here for educational purposes only. It may not be reproduced or distributed in any format without written permission of the copyright owner. For more information please see UH Digital Library Fair Use policy on the UH Digital Library About page.
File Name index.cpd
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Title Page 10
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File Name femin_201109_555ai.jpg
Transcript HARRY CALDWELL, Chief of Police. What is Pornography ? I don't define pornography. The courts define pornography and the law defines pornography. The law lays down certain guidelines, but in the final analysis it's the court that decides. The law says that pornography is defined as those things that appeal to the prurient interest of the community. And there are many communities. The only way that one can determine whether a given article, program, work of art, whatever, is pornographic is to submit it to a jury. The jury will then make a decision based on the community standards as to whether that is pornographic. Having held that Deep Throat was not pornographic, I concluded that there probably wasn't much that was. In my own opinion, Deep Throat would qualify under my definition of pornography-those things which appeal to a prurient interest. We felt that under that statute, Deep Throat probably met the criteria for pornography, but the juries did not think at that time that it did. Now, community interests and com munity standards change. I don't know what they will say now. We're in abeyance in terms of the enforcement of certain obscenity statutes, and we will again go with test cases under the law. My job is to enforce the law, not to determine what a community reads or what it looks at or what it uses for self-stimulation. My job is simply to try to enforce the law. Obviously, it is not a priority to which I will dedicate the majority of the Houston Police Department resources. It is one of many priorities. The primary concern of the Houston Police Department is the exploitation of children in relation to pornography. There is a segment of the arrested-sexual-development community whose interests are piqued by young children engaging in sexual behavior either with each other or with adults. I will be very adamant in enforcement of the statutes. So in order to determine if they are being violated, I have to keep them under continuous surveillance, as I do the arrested-sexual-development bookstores, where children are likely to be exploited, or the massage parlors, where it is not uncommon to find young people involved. I think the media generally refers to adult bookstores as being stores where persons peer at naked individuals of either sex and then peer around the booths at each other's private parts. How this came to be known as adult behavior, I don't know. It would occur to me that it's much more descriptive of arrested sexual development. I think that all children go through a period of peering at their genitalia somewhere around the age of five to six. These are persons who continue to peer at their genitalia and the genitalia of others, so it would occur to me that this is more reflective of arrested sexual development than it is adult behavior. I don't know how it came to become known as adult bookstores because normal sexually oriented individuals, who have completed the cycles of psycho-sexual development, generally do not find it necessary to peer at each others' genitalia or pictures of naked children or things of this sort. So it would occur to me that this is probably arrested sexual development rather than adult behavior. Pornography and Violence I'll have to take an academic stand in the middle of the road because there seems to be, in the academic world, research that supports two premises. One, that it does cause a diminution of the respect for the female, that the female is used as an exploitative tool in pornography. There is another equally respectable academic school that alleges that this is a harmless outlet for thase individuals who have not completed a normal adult-sexual-development cycle. I think it beyond my sphere as Chief of Police to determine exactly the influence that it has. I can honestly say that I don't know, but I can also honestly say that in our investigation of sexual crimes against females, it is extremely difficult for us to make this determination. I can only quote to you that there are two fairly respectable schools of behavioral scientists with diametrically opposing views on this question. I cannot cite for you a specific case where the assault of a female was occasioned by this sort of behavior, nor can I cite to you any absence of proof that these sorts of things might result in agres- siveness towards females. Most sexual offenses towards females are not sexually oriented. They are aggresively oriented, and this seems to be pretty characteristic. It would occur to me that it is through the pornographic presentations of sadism and masochism that those practitioners learn the techniques to be used, and the paraphernalia to be used. The art by which they exercise these things is probably learned as most human behavior is learned. They learn what techniques to use and what equipment to use, and what they define, I would expect, to be role models, from the pornography that depicts this type of behavior. As a matter of fact, after Clockwork Orange was shown around the United States, police reported cases where gangs tried to emulate the Clockwork Orange type of syndrome. We see it in the movies like The Warriors, where the young people began to mimic the activities of the Warrior gangs. So I have reason to believe that these exploitations of women, and children as well-that the model for these things may well be emanating from the sleazy studios or the porno shops. GENEVA KIRK BROOKS, President of Citizens Against Pornography. What is Pornography ? You have to go back to the original meaning of pornography to understand really what it means now. It comes from the Greek word pome which means prostitute, and originally pornography was any description of prostitutes in their trade. Of course, as we use it now, it would be any writings or pictures or anything used to arouse great sexual desire, or to stimulate a person sexually. Pornography and Violence. As far as the connection between the way women are shown in pornography and the way that they are treated. . . In pornography, women are dehumanized and almost always shown as simply tools for sexual gratification for men. One of the main reasons that we oppose pornography so violently is because of this de- humanization of the woman and the fact that she is just used as a tool of sexual gratification for men. In pornography, if you have seen very much pornography, you see that it gets more and more violent, showing bestiality and sado-masochistic acts in which there are chains and tortures and so forth. Another thing about pornography which is equate it with erotica, which is not necessarily obscene. We as lawyers are basically bound by what is called the Miller standard which gives us the definition of obscenity. We are having problems with the amended sections of the Texas statute under House Bill 1741 which is being attacked in the federal courts. It is our position that the Texas Legislature has deviated from the requirements of Miller vs. California, which defines as obscene that which, as a whole, has a dominant theme that appeals to the prurient interest of the average person. When applying contemporary community standards, it's that which depicts or describes sexual conduct in a patently offensive way, and that which lacks serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value. What I find to be obscene is really a matter of personal preference or personal like versus dislike. That which I find to be offensive basically would be anything that deals with children in a sexual connotation. By that I do not mean, for example, that I find the novel Lolita to be obscene, because that was a very fine novel and a very fine movie that starred Richard Burton. I do not mean something that deals with children in that vein. I am talking about child-type pornography, which I find to be obscene. It's just a matter of my personal feelings regarding bestiality, the sexual act with animals, which I find to be obscene. And matters of violence I also find to be obscene. Pornography and Violence. I feel that when you're talking about the X-rated movies of today, there isn't any more violence where women are concerned, than men maybe. For example, in the movie Deep. Throat, linda Lovelace was enjoying herself just as much as any man was enjoying himself in the film. I think in times past the attitude was that women were not supposed to enjoy "The attitudes about women expressed in pornography seem horribly consistent with those of the larger society in which women are victims of sexual harassment at work, violent crimes in the street and rape in the marital bed. —Dr. Virginia Davidson so damaging, is that in almost all cases where snuff murders occur (films or photographs depicting an actual murder of a sexual object) or where there is sex abuse of children, there is always an abundance of pornographic material found there. The book Show Me, which is extremely pornographic but is published as a sex education book for children, shows all sorts of acts, even the act of oral sodomy, as acceptable behavior. That book was found so often in homes where incest was discovered that it received special mention in State Rep. Ralph Wallace's report in Austin. So this is pornography that is used to damage children and encourage them in sexual relationships. This is apparently an acceptable book that can be obtained from the public library to encourage children to do the things in this book, and that leads to other acts. Of course, when people are disappointed with the gratification or the lack of gratification they receive from one act, they go on to something more and more extreme, and that's why you get such a build up of violence in sex. MARIAN ROSEN, Attorney participating in the federal lawsuit in which a group of theaters and bookstores as complainants are seeking to have the amendments to the Texas obscenity statute held unconstitutional. What is Pornography ? In defining pornography, I actually sex, that they were just supposed to be sex objects. Men were the only ones that were supposed to enjoy sex. But the world has changed and women have become human beings. We're permitted now, and entitled to enjoy sexual matters as much as men do. I think it is interesting to note that if you go to the book stores or theaters you'll find that, in most cases, half of the customers are female. If you go to any of the X-rated movies, quite often you'll see a couple of women in the theater, and the bulk of the customers are couples. I don't think any of these people feel that women are being discriminated against or treated with violence. Furthermore, I don't feel that the matters that you see depicted stimulate violence towards women. I don't think that the depictions, for example, of women in Playboy or Hustler create any more violence towards women than pictures of the nude male in Playgirl cause and create violence towards men. JOE SPIEGEL, President of Theaters West. What is Pornography? I've never really thought about defining pornography. I would call what we're involved in "sexually explicit movies." We don't deal in any other things like books and massage parlors. I guess an overall definition would be sexually explicit material or magazines or books that describe sexually explicit material. That *wmhmmmpf®?r, 10 NOVEMBER/! 979