MARY TYLER MOORE IN ORDINARY PEOPLE
FA YE DUN A WAY IN MOMMIEDEAREST
The roles 'movie mommies' play
As deptcted on the silver screen, "movie
mommies" are becoming more selfish, neglectful
and abusive, a trend which could have an adverse
effect on society's attitude toward working mothers, according to an article in Working Mother
magazine's March issue.
"Movies, whatever else they are, are a telling
social barometer, registering change in our culture's attitudes and values," the magazine says.
The magazine traced the recent "bad mother"
trend beginning with 1979's Kramer vs. Kramer, in
which a mother, who leaves her child to find herself, is seen as "completely dispensible." In 1980,
Ordinary People depicted a cold mother who, unable to respond to her family's needs, finally
leaves her husband and son. And the "baddest
mother of thern all, the very mother who is every
child's nightmare," was the subject of 1981's
Citing the strong, self-sacrificing, traditional
"good mother" of films such as A Tree Grows in
Brooklyn and The Grapes of Wrath, the magazine
asserted that "she has been replaced by the ne
glectful and selfish, cruel and destructive Bad *•
Mother. These new mothers are not just bad, they
are getting worse."
"Kramer vs. Kramer and Mommie Dearest
strongly suggest an angry response on society's , »,
part to the working mother," the magazine said. • ,
"All three films certainly seem to point to strong .»
feminist backlash, a desire to put women in general and mothers in particular back in their place —» ./-
preferably their old-fashioned, domestic, self-sacri- <
A recent trend in custody decisions that no long- :
er automatically awards the child to the mother < .-
puts fathers into a new maternal stance, which is -
reflected in a film like Kramer vs. Kramer, but,
Working Mother warned that such films can also
be effective catalysts in swinging the pendulum to
another extreme. "Divorce courts are deciding
more and more often against the working mother," "x
the magazine noted. "The Bad Mother on screen,
even when shrieking 'No wire hangers . . . ever!' J'
is no laughing matter. To all mothers out there,
she should be a matter of grave concern."
Women still trail men
in earnings, study says
WASHINGTON (AP) — Median weekly earnings of
women were much lower than those of men doing
essentially the same work in many occupations last
year, the Labor Department reported Saturday.
Although women held 90.6 percent of the bookkeeping jobs, for instance, they earned an average of $98 a
week less than men holding the same job, according to
a study by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
THE STUDY, WHICH FOCUSED on 100 occupations employing at least 50,000 people, did not ascribe
the wide disparities to sex discrimination or any other
factor. It said only the "earnings of women were gen-
eraly much lower than those of men."
Karen Nussbaum, executive director of Working
Women, an organization of 2,000 women office workers, said the figures supply new evidence of discrimination in the workplace.
''President Reagan says we don't need the ERA because we have all the laws we need on the books," she
said. "But all you have to do is look at these figures to
see that women don't have equality. There is no excuse for this.
"THE SOLUTIONS HAVE GOT to be women organizing in the workplace to hold employers accountable,
because clearly the government isn^t doing the job."
Nancy Rytina, a BLS employment analyst, said
"these ratios are pretty consistent with what has been
reported over a long period of time. . . . They are not
startling or new."
She said various factors, such as the size of a
company and the salaries it pays, have an impact on
employee earnings. She added, though, "a large
chunk of the wage gap remains unexplained."
Among the earnings comparisons listed in the survey were these:
■ Male administrators of elementary and secondary schools earned an average of $520 a week, compared to $363 for women.
■ Male computer systems analysts got average
weekly pay totaling $546, while their female counterparts earned a weekly average of $420.
■ Although women held 68.5 percent of the health
technician jobs in hospitals and clinics, they earned
an average weekly wage of $273, compared with $324
for men doing the same work.
■ Female elementary school teachers earned an
average $68 a week less than males, even though
women held 82.2 percent of those jobs.
■ Men who work sales counters, except for those in
food establishments, earned an average $240 a week
while women, who held 76.2 percent of such jobs, got
■ In a survey of which jobs paid best for men and
women, the bureau said seven of the 20 best-paying
occupations for males were in the engineering field,
where median weekly earnings ranged from $507 for
civil engineers to $619 for aerospace engineers.
Occupations in the educational field offered the
most money for women, with median weekly earnings
averaging $363 for female school administrators and
$336 for vocational and educational counselors.
The National Research Council, in a three-year
study submitted in September to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, said women are paid
less than 60 cents for every dollar paid to men.
That study said, though, a host of traditional work
force patterns — not necessarily sex discrimination —
accounted for the wide disparities.
The 96-page report said women continue to be paid
less than men, in part "because of trie subtle ways the
job market and wage structures concentrate women in
Singer joins fight,
Singer Connie Francis s^ys she will
help Grant County, Wis., voters with a
recall campaign against a judge who
referred to a 5-year-oid rape victim as
"sexually promiscuous. ' Francis,
awarded $2 million in a civil suit stemming from a 1974 rape at a motel in
Westbury, N.Y., has spoken to congressional committees and made public-service TV spots about sexual assault. She
said she would appear March 17 in Lancaster if recall petitioners will make arrangements for her to perform and
speak. The petitioners' target is Judge
Ever been told you
couldn't do something because of
Ever been told you
had to do a certain
thing, since you
were of a certain
If so, and the age
in question was
arbitrary, you were
a victim of stereotypical thinking
and blatant AGEISM,
If you would like to
. ideas for the Hay
program on AGEISM,
call Evie Whitsett
at 488-1777 after
7 P.M. weekdays,
early A.M. weekends.
WANTED TO BUY
dinette set, lawn-
mower. Call 4834546
(work) or 996-1482
(home) and ask for
Mary or Susan Skinner.
Meeting this Thurs.
April 1, 7:30'p.m.
at A Uniting Church
Women's Week at UH/CLC
this week, March 29
to April 2.
Meeting on Wed.,
April 21 at Pat's,