l64 r/('PI RESQl 'P PALPS PINE.
with, which probably marks th< Ot site of the port of Ashdod, of which nothing no,
id about five miles farther to the south the low line of coast is seen to develop iIK
bold cliff, which ii ir is approached, and on which are the rem..
e 173). But here we turn off to view the modern Mejdei,
Mentift ' 'a,> "l"lll<' Philistines, and even as Magdala. mentioned b)
Herod, when Pharaoh Neco engaged the Syrians by land and conquered them.
HOW the nment of the district about Ascalon, and is a flourish
,vn. It ] [UC with a tall minaret, large stone houses, and a ba
It is surrounded and undulating plains C I with 1
mt< d with palm, walnut, and fig 1 Oil around is very rich, and thr
an- industrious, Wat their Crops from deep wells, in some of which the water is
hundred and twenty feet below the surface. In man\' instances the wells are common to the
ile villa I he water is brought to the surface by means of a " Persian wheel" <
which is worked by camels or oxen, provided in turn by the various heads of fam
(identical with tl: iyeh/1 Bi and [32).
Not far from Mejdel is the site of Ascalon (see page [69), wh eneral position is
Well known, but the exad He of which has not been identified. It w
tl cities of the Philistines when the children of Israel entered the Promised I.ami, and
remained in the hands of the Philistines until the time of the Jewish captivity. Ascalon II
Herod* having p I the most ancient of all the temples erected to
H to, the mother of Semiramia She was represented as a woman ab
waist, with termination in of a fish-tail, a female counterpart to Dagon. Ascalon, like
r towns of the Philistines, had its seaport, now called " Ascalon by ti This town
prominent!) into notice in the time of Herod the Great, who adorned it with pul
bath, a\\A fountains and palaces; here his sister Salome resided.* During the wars of the
ith the Romans, the former suffered a great defeat here at the hand of Antonius.
At aa earl) period Ascalon was made the seat of a bishopric, and owing
advantageous on and Strong walls it became the most important fortress in Palestine
during tin: Middle ind during the i was a thorn in the side of the Christi
it had been to the Jews when in | ion of the Philistim It was around Ascalon
that the -real battle took place between the Egyptian army and the I let's under
raine, after the capture of Jerusalem, was just elected Kin- by the
when intelligence arrived that a vast army of Egyptians had ci
Palesti mnihilate the Christians and raise again the Standard of Nlam.
Hurriedlj the Christian arm) w tembled and collected in battle arra) near Ramleh,
pawd to dispute the pa ; th( 1 gryptian invad Raymond b
Annan from the Turkish authorities, instituted a search tot antiquities ens*
lhr ' Jit l«> UK\\\ Roman ompm
»ly it was brokoi t.> ndcrful treess**
aonoaakd v\ nhm n mi. k.