WITH THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF ASIA MINOR. 9l
declared that all resistance was hopeless, and invited the Turks to take possession of
this last defence. They eagerly entered, and filled the castle, when the priest applied a
match to the powder, and the whole were blown into the air. Among the records of
these events, recalling the memory of this brave but exterminated people, is a song by
one of the survivors, distinguished by the simplicity but poetic spirit of the original language. The last verse thus comments on the catastrophe
" Now Suli lies low and forlorn—Avaric and Kiaffa renowned,
And Kunghi's high ramparts are torn, its fragments are scattered around :
But the gallant Caloyer was there, and he laughed as he lighted the train;
Yes, he laughed as he soared in the air, to escape the base conqueror's chain."
AH having at length effected this almost hopeless conquest over this free republic,
obtained from the Porte the dignified appellation of Aslem or "the lion," and to commemorate his achievement, he built a splendid serai on the summit of the mountain, amidst
the ruins of the town, which is seen in our illustration peeping over the edge of the precipice. Meanwhile the few survivors of this brave people who had escaped the massacre,
fled to Parga and other Christian towns, which afforded them an asylum. They were
afterwards enrolled in various corps, and assisted in the liberation of Greece. One of
them formed the body-guard of Lord Byron, and were among the mourners that stood
round his grave at Missolonghi. But they have now no " local habitation," and even their
name has nearly perished.
SCUTARI AND THE MAIDEN TOWER,
ON THE BOSPHORUS.
The promontory of Scutari, given in our illustration, was distinguished by the ancient
Greeks under the name of atcpov /3ooc, or " cape of the ox," because it wras supposed to
be that to which lb swam, when, under the shape of that animal, she fled from the persecutions of Juno, and gave the name of Bosphorus to the whole streight. Under the
Greeks of the Lower Empire it was named pzya petwttov, or " the great forehead," from
its bold projection into the sea. It is strikingly picturesque. Just below it is the turbulent estuary, formed by the rushing waters of the streight, opposed by those of the
Sea of Marmora, where, in the calmest day, they wheel and boil among the rocks with a
turbulence and agitation quite extraordinary in the still and placid surface of the water
around them. Rising from hence, the promontory displays a succession of picturesque
objects, clothing its surface—kiosks, and grottos, and thickets, and hanging gardens—till
they ascend to the summit, crowned with the dome and minarets of a mosque, and the
noble barracks of Scutari.