^ OF ASIA MINOR. 49
MAUSOLEUM 0 I AN MAHOMED AND HIS FAMILY.
A tomb attached to an Imperial mosque is called a Turbe. It is usual for every
Sultan to erect one for himself, in which the mortal remains of himself and his family are
deposited, and it forms a detached portion of the Djami which he has built. Whenever
any caus. its him from performing this sad but pious duty before his death, the
tomb of one of his ancestors is assigned for the purpose. This permission for intrusion
into the precincts of another's resting-place, is subject to the assent of the reigning
Sultan that succeeds him, who from any cause may exclude his body, and send it to
be interred in a strange sepulchre^ The Yalade Sultana, or Queen-mother, has also
a right to erect a Turbe for herself, and for such members of the Imperial family, male
or female, as she chooses to admit. These are the only inmates of the Seraglio who are
legally allowed to enter these sacred precincts : but when a Sultan wishes to pay particular
respect to the memory of a departed Vizir, be him to be buried in a corner below
the gratings but tins distinguished honour, and strong mark of personal affection, has
been conferred on few, and the ashes of the Imperial descendants of the Prophet are
seldom polluted by such profane mixture. No kadinos, or odalique, whatever attachment
the Sultan may feel for her during life, is allowed to approach him when life becomes
extinct. There is, however, a separate public « in the centre of the city, reserved
exclusively for the deceased female population of the Seraglio.
The body of the person permitted to be here interred, is simply buried in a grave
dug for the purpose, and covered with earth in the usual manner of Turkish sepulture.
This grave, generally surrounded with masonry, is the sarcophagus where the body is
left to decay. It is approached In e protected by an iron grating; through
which, on occasions of more than usual importance, the body may be approached, and its
state examined; but no human being Bave the existing Sultan is allowed to enter, and
profane by a glance of his eye the mouldering remains of one who had sat on the throne
of the Osmanli. Over the grave thus formed is raised a Catafalque of wood, called a
Sanndoucha. This is covered with plain stuffs and shawls, of different qualities and
manufacture. Through I embroidered in gold, various passages of the Koran.
Frequently a deputation is sent to Mecca for a strip of the veil of the Keabe, or to
Medina for a portion of that which covers the tomb of the Prophet. This forms a decoration to that part of the covering which is over the head of the deceased. There is also
laid beside the head of a Sultan, or prince of the blood, a turban of muslin, to distinguish them from others. At each end of the Sanndoucha are enormous wax tapers, and
suspended from the roof are circular lamps. The first are seldom used, but the last
are kept constantly burning. The apartment is lighted from without by casement
gilded lattice-work, through which even a Giaour is allowed to view the interior.