WITH THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF ASIA MINOR. 7
sists of a massive and clumsy pavilion, formerly crowned with turrets; it is pierced by
the high door from which it takes its name, and under the arch is an inscription on a
broad tablet. Above are one large and three smaller apertures for windows at each side,
and below, the dead wall is excavated by two deep niches. It has undergone changes
for improvements, but it still resembles rather the strong-hold of a military station, than
the great entrance to the most extensive and gorgeous palace in the world; yet it is from
hence the sultans of the East for centuries dictated to the sovereigns of Europe, and
issued the mandates of the " high door" from the city, or of " the imperial stirrup" from
Much of the brutal and bloody barbarism which the Osmali brought with them into
Europe, is still displayed in their most characteristic manner at this imperial gate. Here
it is that noses and ears are exhibited as trophies of victory, like Indian scalps. In the
year 1822, the conqueror of Patrass sent many sacks of those trophies; they were shaken
out before the Baba Hummayoun, and formed two large piles of various mutilated portions
of the human countenance; and through these ghastly and festering heaps of his subjects'
flesh, the sultan and his officers passed every day, till they rotted and dissolved away.
In the niches, the heads of deposed Turkish officers were exposed ; and the ambassadors
of European sovereigns proceeding to an audience, saw them kicked about in sport and
derision, and were threatened themselves with being pelted with human sculls. Within
the gate, the heads of pashas of rank, Halet Effendi, Ali Pasha, and other great delin"
quents, were allowed the indulgence of silver dishes to support them,, and were daily
exposed to the multitude, like that of John the Baptist, in a charger.
THE CASTLE OF SMYRNA.
Ascending from the alluvial and marshy soil below, are seen various ruins indicating the
more healthy and elevated site of the ancient city. Crowning the summit of Mount
Pagus, are what remains of the Acropolis, consisting of ramparts and embattled walls,
flanked by numerous towers, some of which are square, and some circular. These walls
enclose a very extensive area of many acres, which seem never to have been built on, or
filled with any kind of edifices. It was a clear space, on which the garrison defending
the town pitched their tents as on a field of battle, so that the whole formed a strong
walled camp. • Here are still seen the remains of a temple, and the cistern that conveyed water. Here it was the knights of Rhodes took their stand, when they defended
the Christian city against the infidel invasions. It was dilapidated by Tamerlane and his Tartars, who brought down the stones from the hill, and threw them into
the harbour, in order at once to destroy both the security and commercial prosperity of
this great emporium of the Oriental Christians. Over one of the gates is an inscription,
implying that the walls were repaired by one of the Comneni, and his wife Helena.
But the most interesting of sculptured remains, is a bust and head of marble, in good