62 CONSTANTINOPLE AND ITS ENVIRONS ;
of the pillar, the artist employed, and the time occupied in its re-erection ; but the greater
part is now effaced, and covered by the soil. We give them in their original perfect
KIONA . TETPATIAEYPON . AEI. X0ONI . KEIMENON . AKGOC.
MOYNOC . ANACTHCAI . THEYAOCIOC . BAC1AEYC.
TOAMHCAC . LTPOKAOC . ELTEKEKAETO . KAI. TOCOC . ECTH.
KI12N . HEAIOIC . EN . TPIAKONTA . AYO.
DIFFICILIS . QUONDAM . DOMINJS . PARE BE . SUPERBIS .
JUSSUS . ET . EXTINCTIS . PALMAM . PORTARE . TYRANNIS .
OMNIA . THEODOSIO . CEDUNT . SOBOLIQ . PERENM .
TERDENIS . SIC . VICTUS . EGO . DOMITUSQ ; DIEBUS .
JUDICE . SUB . PROCLO . SUPERAS . ELATUS . AD . AURAS .
THE SULTAN'S NEW PALACE ON THE BOSPHORUS.
Among the symptoms of growing European habits and usages, which are daily seen
creeping over the metropolis of the Osmali and its vicinity, one of the most remarkable perhaps is the change which is daily introduced into their public edifices, and the
substitution of a chaste and classic, for a fantastic Oriental style of architecture. When the
rude ignorant Turks first rushed among the monuments of European art, what they did
not utterly destroy, they perverted. Ionic shafts were pierced for cannons, Corinthian
capitals were rounded into balls; and wherever they were applied to their original purpose,
they were invariably inverted; and to this day are seen everywhere Turkish houses built
with remains of Grecian temples, sculptured architraves laid for door-steps, and pillars
standing on their smaller ends with the base uppermost, as the preferable position.
' I have grieved," said Gillius, "not so much at the broken and prostrate monuments of
ancient art, as at the barbarous, perverted uses to which they were applied.'*
The most distinguished of the kiosks of former sultans was that of Beshiktash, on the
Bosphorus, forming one of the first objects which presents itself to a stranger ascending
the strait in a caique. The style is very remarkable, and truly Oriental. In the centre
is an edifice with projecting roofs, and surrounded by a cluster of similar ones, intended,
it is said, to represent the original warlike habitations of the Turcomans—the tent or
pavilion of the khan, in the centre, and those of his officers pitched round it as in encampment : but the present sultan, in his zeal to abolish the old and establish a new order of
things, is everywhere changing the architecture, as well as the dress, of his subjects,
and his new erections bear the stamp of this improvement, and form strong contrasts with
those of his predecessors. His factories and founderies resemble those of Manchester
and Sheffield, and his palaces are revivals of ancient Grecian art.