84 CONSTANTINOPLE AND ITS ENVIRONS ;
Manuel, and formed part of the chain of obstructions thrown across the entrance to the
Bosphorus and harbour, in the decline of the lower empire. The other parts have been
carried away by the torrents of the strait, and this alone remains on the firmer rock on
which it was erected.
From the traditionary story of Hero and Leander, this tower takes its name: the
Franks confer upon it the name of the unfortunate lover who lost his life in attempting
to cross the current to his mistress; but the Turks assign it to the lady, and model the
tale after their own fashion. One of their sultans, whose name is not agreed upon, was
warned by his astrologer, that his daughter would perish by the bite of a venomous serpent ; so, to obviate the danger, she was sent to this insulated tower. The rugged rock,
scantily covered with sea-weed, afforded no harbour for venomous reptiles, and her father
never contemplated the possibility ot one reaching her place of seclusion. Her lover,
however, separated from personal intercourse, opened a communication by the language
of flowers, and had a basketful conveyed to her. She pressed to her bosom his fragrant
emblems, which conveyed to her the sentiments of his heart, when a treacherous asp
concealed among the leaves stung her to death, and thus the immutable decree of Allah
was accomplished by the very means taken to defeat it; and the Turks, in memory of
it, call the castle Kiz Koulasi, or "the Maiden's Tower."
MOSQUE OF SHAH-ZA-DEH DJAMESI.
This mosque was erected on the following occasion. The fame of Soliman the Magnificent was stained by the murder of two of his sons, Mustapha and Selim, by his own
orders. When in an interval of peace, he directed his attention to beautify the city, and
erected the splendid edifice which bears his name: he also ordered one to be built in
1544, to the memory of his murdered son Mustapha, and as a mausoleum for his
remains. Thence it was named Shah-za-deh Djamesi, " the mosque of the king's son."
The area of this mosque, like that of many others, is open to the public, and a mart,
where fruit and various articles are sold. Our illustration represents a scene among
the groups of persons, of frequent occurrence—a Turkish functionary flogging a Greek
fruiterer for false weights, while the rest look on and enjoy the chastisement he is