6G CONSTANTINOPLE, AND ITS ENVIRONS,
be more dismal than the appearance they presented—their dark and dingy fronts torn
and ragged, and the inhabitants frequently hanging out of the windows or against the
tattered walls. The rage at one time was particularly directed against the priests
After the execution of their venerable patriarch, all sense of sanctity, which the Turks
are willing to allow to the sacred character, whatever be the profession, was converted
into hatred and insult. The bishop of Derkon was hung against his own church at
Therapia; his clergy were executed whenever they were taken, like common felons on
the shores of the Bosphorus; and the beauty of this fair region was deformed by the
most appalling sights. The waters, too, bore frightful testimony of these enormitio.
The bodies thrown into the current were sometimes carried by the eddies into the little
bays and harbours, where they remained putrifying in the still water, tainting the am
and exhibiting to the terrified survivors the decaying remains of their pastors, still
wrapped in the vestments in which they died.
Happily this dismal period is passed away, and the constitutional gaiety of the
Greeks now evinces its usual hilarity, and their music and dancing again enlivens the
shores and villages of the Bosphorus. Their social dispositions, evinced in the structure
of their houses, is strongly contrasted with those of the Turks. While the windows of
the latter are shut up by impenetrable lattice-work, which is always kept jealously
closed, and a human being is never seen in the solitary house, those of the former are
distinguished by open casements, at which is generally observed some gay groups of laughing female faces, holding a cheerful and unrestrained communication with any passenger.
Nor are the houses of their ecclesiastics prohibited from this social enjoyment. The
Greek secular priests are allowed to marry : their religion does not inhibit gaiety,
though it prescribes many fasts: they have often a numerous family, and the " priest's
house" has nothing of that ascetic and austere observance that marks the celibacy of
the Latin church.
THE ACROPOLIS AT SARDIS.
Sardis, one of the seven churches of the Apocalypse, was anciently the capital of the
rich kingdom of Lydia. Here was the court of the splendid Croesus, the contemporary
of Cyrus the Great, to which were invited men distinguished by worth and learning.
Here it was that iEsop composed those apologues, which at this day form the rudiments
of our education; and here Solon gave that instructive lesson to the monarch on his
throne, that riches and prosperity are no protection against the instability of fortune—
a truth which the unhappy prince had soon reason bitterly to remember. This city,