WITH THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF ASIA MINOR. 65
Theologos,* the name by which the Greeks denominate St, John, to whom the neighbouring church was dedicated.
Such is the brief account of the great and interesting city of Ephesus ! Its
"candlestick has been removed," as the prophet predicted. All that remains of the
Gentile population are, one hundred Turks, enclosed within narrow limits on the summit
of a hill; and its numerous Christian congregation is reduced to two individuals, one
a Greek gardener, and the other the keeper of a coffee-house,—and these are the representatives of the first great church of the Apocalypse!
The Illustration represents these objects. On the right, in front, are the remains
of the theatre, ascending the side of the hill; and before it, extensive ruins are scattered
over the surface. Other fragments of edifices are strewed about, and beyond is the
humid plain of the Cayster. In the back ground are the hills which terminate the
plain; and under them, on a lower eminence, the town of Aiasaluk, having below all that
remains of the church of St. John, and the aqueduct, built by Herodes Atticus from the
ruins of the great city.
GREEK PRIEST'S HOUSE NEAR YENI KUEY.
ON THE BOSPHORUS.
The various nations that compose the population of Turkey are all distinguished in
the metropolis by peculiarities which are not left to their option, but are strictly prescribed to them, that there may be no amalgamation, and the Osmanli may be marked
everywhere by separate and distinct characters from their Rayas. Not only the
manner of their turban and the colour of their slippers distinguish them from their
masters, but the hue of their houses; and while the Turk indulges in every gay and
gaudy tint, the mansions of the Jew, Greek, and Armenian are confined to dark and
leaden colours, and are at once known by their dull and dismal aspect. This is particularly distinguished in sailing along the Bosphorus; and so rigid are the Turks in
exacting this distinction, that those who violate it are punished with death. During
the progress of the Greek revolution, it set a fatal mark on the devoted inhabitants.
The troops, in passing up and down the strait, selected these houses as targets, at which
to direct their tophees. Wherever a person appeared at an open window, a volley was discharged at him in very wantonness, till the house was riddled with shot. Nothing could
* "Les Grecs appellent Saint Jean Ayos Scologos an lieu d'Agios Theologus, le Saint Theologien,
parce qu'ils prononcent le theta comme un sigma."—Tournefort.