WITH, THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF 'ASIA MINOR. 39
The illustration represents the act of sale. On one side are females purchasing
black servants. A slight examination as to health and strength is all that is used. The
girl starts up, draws her scanty coarse garments about her, and, with a merry laugh and
cheerful countenance, trips away after her mistress. The severe decorum of a Turk at
once changes her half-nakedness for a more suitable dress: her head and feet are no
longer bare—her dark visage is dignified with a snow-white veil—and she feels pride and
gratification in her new and altered state. On the other side are white slaves, who are examined not by females, but by a master, of whose happiness they are hereafter to constitute
a part. He is attended by his black eunuch, and the slave-merchant is pointing out all
the personal charms of his purchase, and eulogising those which escape his observation.
In the gallery above, are slave-merchants settling their various accounts, with the aid of
coffee and tobacco.
THE MOSQUE OF YENI JAMI.
This is called Yeni, or " new," to distinguish it from those of more ancient structure.
It is justly remarked by writers, that no people have selected such excellent sites for
their religious houses as the Turks: they are generally seen crowning the summits of
hills, and having every advantage of display for their architectural ornaments. This,
however, is an exception. It stands near the centre of the Golden Horn, in a low part
of the city, but is very conspicuous from its situation. It swells, as it were, from the
water's edge, forming a mountain of edifices. The only place where Turkish beggars
are seen is the area or vicinity of a mosque, and even here very few obtrude themselves; forming a strong contrast to the multitudes that beset houses of Christian
worship. Those who with us are disabled by age or sickness, are in Turkey supported
by their masters, either because they are slaves, or because the charity of the Osmanli
will not suffer his brother to want. The few who ask alms are idiots, a respected and
privileged class; or Arabs, who bear about standards, which they affirm were the same as
those under which their ancestors propagated the faith of the Prophet. In the evening,
you are met by a man who proffers you a candle, an orange, or a melon, and you purchase it for double its value: so, a Turkish beggar sells, but receives no alms. In the
populous region about this mosque, such persons are more usually met than elsewhere.
Immediately below is a great scala, or landing-place, which is constantly crowded with
caiques of all shapes and sizes, and forms an animated scene of bustle and activity.
Leading to it is one of the aqueducts which convey water for the necessary ablutions
of the faithful, when they attend the call of the muezzin to assemble at the hour of