HISTORICAL SKETCH OF CONSTANTINOPLE.
covered, and lately published by the British
and Foreign Bible Society. Some copies
were circulated among the Turks of Constantinople in the year 1824, which caused
a firman to be issued for their suppression.
English sovereigns, Charles II., James II.
Ach met II. the younger brother of Mohammed,
succeeded to the throne in 1691 ; he died
in 1695. His mind was mean and powerless, and his person bloated : he had large
staring eyes, and a very long nose. Contemporaries in England, William and Mary.
Mustapha II. brother to Achmet, succeeded
him in 1695; he abdicated the throne in
1703. His contemporaries in England were
William III. and Anne.
Achmet III. the brother of Mustapha, succeeded in 1703; after a reign of twenty-
seven years of prosperity, he too was compelled by the turbulent janissaries, to abdicate
the throne in 1730; the third whom the
caprice of the people had dethroned in fifty
years. His contemporaries in England were
Anne, George I., and George II.
Mahmood 1., or Mohammed V., the nephew
of Achmet, succeeded in 1730; he died in
1754, after a mild reign of twenty-four years.
He was condescending and humble, and
much regretted. It is a precept of Islamism,
that every man should be prepared for
his destiny, and able to support it by some
useful employment. Many sultans were
mechanics, and so was Mahmood; he was
a cunning worker in ivory, which he wrought
with a dexterity far exceeding that of a Turk.
His contemporary in England was George II.
Othman III. the brother of Mahmood, succeeded him in 1754; he died in 1757. His
reign was distinguished by the persevering
and sanguinary efforts of the Russians to
effect their great object of advancing to
Constantinople, by urging the Greeks to
insurrection. His contemporary in England
was George II.
Mustapha III. (Gazi,) nephew of Othman,
and son of Achmet III., began his reign
in 1757 ; and died in 1776. His uncle had
administered poison to himself and two
brothers; they perished, but he survived,
and ever after retained the traces of it. The
approximation of Turks to European habits
and improvements, began with him. He
ordered Boerhaave and Machiavel to be
translated into Turkish, and commanded
his son to be inoculated; and he founded a
library and an academy. He made vigorous
efforts against the Russians, and was thus
called Gazi, " The Victorious." George III.
reigned in England.
Abdul Hamed, the last of the sons of Achmet III. succeeded in 1776; he died in
1789. His reign, like his predecessors, was
marked by the advance of the Russians to
their great object. Sovereign in England,
Selim III. the only son of Mustapha, succeeded in 1789, to the exclusion of the
children of Abdul Hamed. He was deposed
by the janissaries in 1807, and afterwards
strangled for attempting to alter their discipline, and establish a nizam dgettide, or new
corps. He was an amiable and enlightened
prince. Contemporary in England George III.
Mustapha IV. was the eldest son of Abdul
Hamed, and succeeded in 1807; after a
brief reign of one year, he too was deposed
in 1808, and afterwards strangled. Sovereign
in England George III.
Mahmood II. or Mohammed VI. succeeded
his brother in 1808. He extirpated the
turbulent janissaries, remodelled the empire,
and, amid more perils, perhaps, than ever
sovereign encountered, he still reigns. He
is the thirtieth monarch of the Ottoman
dynasty, and the twenty - fourth on the
throne of Constantinople, and has seen
four fill the throne of England—George III.,
George IV., William IV., Victoria.
END OF HISTORICAL SKETCH.