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Printed circular which documents the formation of two committess in Guadalupe County to respond to instances of enslaved people escaping their enslavers to reach emancipation in Mexico.
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Printed circular which documents the formation of two committess in Guadalupe County to respond to instances of enslaved people escaping their enslavers to reach emancipation in Mexico. - Front. August 26, 1854. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. April 12, 2021. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/earlytex/item/2728/show/2726.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

(August 26, 1854). Printed circular which documents the formation of two committess in Guadalupe County to respond to instances of enslaved people escaping their enslavers to reach emancipation in Mexico. - Front. Early Texas Documents. Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/earlytex/item/2728/show/2726

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Printed circular which documents the formation of two committess in Guadalupe County to respond to instances of enslaved people escaping their enslavers to reach emancipation in Mexico. - Front, August 26, 1854, Early Texas Documents, Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries, accessed April 12, 2021, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/earlytex/item/2728/show/2726.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Printed circular which documents the formation of two committess in Guadalupe County to respond to instances of enslaved people escaping their enslavers to reach emancipation in Mexico.
Creator (Local)
  • Committee of Twenty
  • Committee of Ten
Date August 26, 1854
Description This printed circular documents a public meeting held in Guadalupe County to respond to instances of enslaved people escaping their enslavers in order to reach emancipation in nearby Mexico. The creators of the document suspected Mexicans of lesser means of involvement in the escapes. Two committees were appointed, one to serve as a police body in the county and the other to investigate those who might have supported the enslaved people with arms, ammunition, or provisions.
Subject.Topical (LCSH)
  • Slavery
  • Texas--History--1846-1950
Subject.Topical (Local)
  • Early Texas Statehood
Subject.Name (Local)
  • Committee of Twenty
  • Committee of Ten
Subject.Geographic (TGN)
  • Seguin, Texas
Genre (AAT)
  • government records
Type (DCMI)
  • Text
Original Item Location ID 1973-001, Box 3, Folder 257
Original Collection Early Texas Documents Collection
Repository Special Collections, University of Houston Libraries
Repository URL http://info.lib.uh.edu/about/campus-libraries-collections/special-collections
Use and Reproduction This item is in the public domain and may be used freely.
File Name index.cpd
Item Description
Title Front
Format (IMT)
  • image/jpeg
File Name eatex_201210_0776_001.jpg
Transcript •Sr.'.i'iN. SeptkHrea 4th, 1854, The undersigned wore appointed at a public meeting bold at this place on the 20th rit, to select a standing com. nuttee of twenty discret men in various parts of the County, -who were instructed to act as a general vigilance and police; body for the county, touching all matters referred to by said meeting. They were aleo authorized to select, privately, a committee of Ten, whose duties are embraced in the. Resolutions annexed. The undersigned refer you for more full information to the published proceedings in the Texan Mercury of the 2*1 instant and 9th. and desire that you will do all in your power to act for the good of the country, and with a desire to have its social condition benefitted by rigid police with ourselves, and drive out a worthless and lazy race from amongst us. We copy for your benefit the most important of the resolutions adopted, and add a list of both committees so that you may correspond one with the other, and aid in carrying into full effect the wish of the people. Be pleased to advise the members of your respective committees, or as many as you can conveniently, in the cases which ought to receive attention, and call a general meeting if necessary. Prosecute such as violate the law by trading with slaves, and if you cannot find legal evidence to convict, keep an eye on parties implicated, so that they may be dealt with when proof is evident. The citizens of Sac Antonio are also acting on the subject, and are organizing for protection on a similar basis. Most respectfully submitted, A. NEILL, J. W. YOUNG, JOS. F. JOHNSON Whereas, there have been divers instances of recent date, of slaves in this county, deserting their masters, and attempting then to escape into the neighboring territory of Mexico. Evidence suftieent has come to the knowledge of this meeting to authorise the conclusion that these slaves have been decoyed off, and that the straggling Mexican population of this county are implicated in the charge of these aggressions upon the property of our citizens. ]STow therefore, in view of this assault upon our rights of property and the necessities of our situation, be it Resolved, first—That no Mexican of the class known as Peons, slmll enter the limits of this county or reside within the same. Resolved, second -That a standing Committee of twenty discreet men be selected to see that the above resolution is enforced at all hazards, and by the use of such means as the necessities of each case may require. Resolved, third—That the Slave holders of western Texas, and all other citizens interested in the preservation of the rights of property in slaves, are hereby invited to hold meetings, and appoint delegates to attend some future mass meeting: to be hold at some convenient place, to take in consideration the means necessary to be devised to sustain our rights in the promises. Resolved, fourth That in view of the fact that slaves are continually escaping to the West bank of the Rio Grande by means of which, our citizens lose their property,--and others are deterred from emigrating to this .section of the State with their slaves: Therefore we will appoint a committee to niemoralizc the Legislature upon this subject, and solicit such action as may be in the power of that body to prevent a recurrence of the evil complained of. To which the following resolutions were added.: First, Resolved that we have every confidence in the integrity of these of our Mexican population who have resided with th«*ir families amongst us since the revolution, and whilst taking decisive steps against the floating and vagrant population; wo tender to the former class our warmest sympathies and will extend protection at all times.. Second, Resolved, That we will take prompt and violent steps against anyone, in our town or county, who will in any way trade with, or hold communication with our slaves, without permision of those having con troll of them. Third, Resolved that we will in addition to the means embraced in the above resolution, use all reasonable means to see the law enforced against them. On motion, it was resolved that a committee of ten be appointed to take all laudable means to ascertain if the negroes >vho escaped from this town, were supplied with arms, ammunition, or provisions, and if so by whom.