Sooty Tern - December 21, 1991
A dark medium large tern. Bill was black and
pointed; the upper and lower mandibles were both dark.
Eye was black. The head was dark including the nape. The
chin, throat and upper breast were blackish-brown. The
back and wings were generally dark. The secondaries and
the primaries were a dull black shade. The greater
coverts were more a dark brown to brown-black. The median
coverst were dull black and the lesser coverts were mixed
dull black and brown feathers. The marginal coverts were
white. The under wing coverts were white. The
secondaries and primaries underwings were a brown gray.
The legs and feet were black. The upper tail was a dull
black brown. Outer retrices were broken. Tail would be
forked if retrices were whole.
Buff-bellied Huimingbird - Margaret Anderson December 15,
A noisy, large huimingbird seen feeding at shrimp
plant. Red bill, tipped with black. Rufous tail, green
throat, rufous belly.
Ruby-throated Huimingbird - Margaret Anderson December 15,
Gorget 30 percent developed and flashed
mercurochrome red. Back green. Uhite belly. Uhite tips
on tail, small hummingbird with black bill.
Anna's Hummingbird - Margaret Anderson December 15, 1991
Large hummer. Very green back. Rosy gorget and
top of head showing some color. Gorget 30 percent
developed. Dark gray belly. Saw numerous times at
feeder, shrimp plant and perched in tree.
Calliope Huimingbird - Margaret Anderson December 15, 1991
A very small hummer. Green back, green head,
green tail. Small amount of cinnamon on flanks. Belly
off-white, slightly buffy. Gorget 30 percent developed.
Lines of dots radiating to outside of throat from the
center of the throat. Center area flashed "pinky red".
Tail very short. At rest wings extend as much as 1/4 inch
beyond tail. Bill very fine, black and needle-like. A
fat body, not elongated like Rufous Hummingbird. No
rufous on tail. Much smaller than Rufous Huimingbird.
Broad-tailed Hummingbird - Margaret Anderson December 15,
1991 Larger hummer. Gorget 30 percent developed and
flashed rosy red. Rufous on flanks. Small amount of
rufous on outside feathers near base of tail. Bronzy
green head. Uhite tips on tail.
Least Flycatcher - Jim Morgan December 15, 1991
Small flycatcher, approximately 5 inches overall.
Flycatching in a very large stand of salt cedars. "Uhit"
note heard. Small empidomax with proportionately large
looking rounded head; prominent almond-shaped white
evering; very tiny bill; very dark primaries and two bold
white wing bars; very short primary extension; short tail;
green back, nape and crown; yellowish underparts, brighter
on belly. Combination of "whit" note, tiny bill, very
short primary extension, short tail and prominent
almond-shaped ere-ring eliminates all other empidomax
Ash-throated Flycatcher - Austin et al December 15, 1991
Observed in excellent light conditions. Heard a
soft whit note. Observed flycatching 3 to 20 feet off the
ground. Small Myiarchus flycatcher. Rufous on folded
primaries. Underside of tail bright rufous. Small head
with bush brown crest. Pale gray face with prominent eye.
Small, all dark bill. Back unstreaked brownish olive.
Uings brown with two white wingbars. Pale white edging to
secondaries and tertials. Brown retrices - uneven,
partially molted. Narrow pale tip to tail. Underparts,
throat and breast pale whitish gray. Belly and vent pale
Ash-throated Flycatcher - L. Chamness December 15, 1991
Description similar to above.
Brown-crested Flycatcher - J. Morgan December 15, 1991
Observed for 20 minutes in fair light conditions.
Voice: A distinct, bold "whit" or "whirt" call note with
no inflection or change in pitch. Description: Immediate
impression was of a large Myiarchus with a large heavy
bill and a light gray head and yellow belly. Because of
size, hood and fairly yellow belly immediate call by
Morgan was of Great-crested or Brown-crested and not
Ash-throated. Also, the bird was in habitat and higher up
in elevation than what would be expected for Ash-throated.
Head was light gray with a brown, bushy crest on crown,
noticeably prominent when excited; bill was very large and
all black, but Behrstock believed there was a very tiny
area at base of lower mandible which was slightly paler
than the rest of bill; olive brown back; light grayish
breast which gave a hooded effect; belly appeared quite
yellow when bird was under the canopy, but noticeably
lighter out in the open; noticeable rufous in wings,
particularly on bottom of folded wing; tail showed
completely dark outer webs of retrices and dark edging to
shaft side of inner webs, but remainder of inner webs
rufous including tips. Care was taken to notice that dark
outer web color did not wrap across tips of inner webs as
in Ash-throated. Overall effect of tail coloring was of
"much rufous" in tail, particularly when flying and
flycatching. Call and tail pattern are diagnostic. Photo
Western Kingbird - Emmanual, Collins, Collins December 15,
Larger than nearby Eastern Phoebe. Bright yellow
belly, gray breast, black tail with white outer tail
feathers, gray head, slightly greenish back. Large
flycatcher. Photo taken.
Black-throated Green Warbler -Peake. et al December 15,
Call note - distinct "chipp". Size was similar to
Yellow-rumped Warbler. Bird was observed rapidly moving
with mixed warbler flock. Bill dark, lore dull brownish
yellow, cheeks bright yellow, crown and nape yellow green.
Lower throat and upper breast black with some whitish;
sides of breast were black and black streaking of upper
flanks. Remainder of underparts including undertail
coverts were white. Back was yellow green (not streaked).
Wings were black with 2 white wingbars. Tail black with
white tail spots.
Prairie Warbler - Chuck Sexton December 15, 1991
A bright warbler, olive green above, bright yellow
on most of underparts. undertail coverts white (less
extensive white than on belly of Pine Warbler). Yellow
face with suggestion of male Prairie Warbler face pattern.
Dull dusky line through eye and curved line below the eye.
Dark streaking along flanks. Chestnut streaks on olive
green back. Large white tail spots. Tail bobbing. Seen
foraging in canopy of live oaks in mixed flock of titmice,
kinglets, yellow-rumped warblers, etc. Viewed by at least
American Redstart - Austin, et al December 15, 1991
Slightly larger than kinglets and of similar size
to Yellow-rumped Warblers with which it was associated.
Body frequently held parallel to limb or with head lower
than tail. Flicked tail from side to side occasionally
fanning it as it actively foraged. Relatively long-tailed
warbler. Tail showing inverted black "T" pattern with
central tail feathers dark/black and terminal black band
leaving very pale yellow rectangular patches either side
of base of tail. Underparts clear soft white. Upperparts
medium gray with yellowish patches on either side of
breast forward of bend in wing.