and cattails and surrounded for the most part with fairly dense oak woods. I would like
to take this importunity to thank Hr. McDonald, Mr. Molar, and Mr. Davis. Mr. Davis gave
us permission to cover the Angleton Cun Club area. I would also like to thank the Wrights
for helping us with the count again this year and for letting us meet at their house after
the count to tally up. Since they were uncertain as to whether they could be in town for
the count I didn't assign them an area, so on the day of the count they visited various areas
and their totals for birds, not seen by area members In the respective areas are added in to
the total count.
Thc number of individuals seen on the count was accelerated at an even faster rate
than the number of species. In 1957, 5,084 birds were seen. In 1958, 13,853 - and this
A number of fairly common to uncommon birds were missed on this years count as usual.
These included! common loon, red-breasted merganser, American goldeneye, white cuowned, seaside and LeConte's sparrows, caracara, mottled duck, eared grebe, piping plover, slate-colored
junco, screech owl. Birds seen last year but not tikis year included! rough-legged hawk, green
heron, bald eagle, Henslow's sparrow, dickcissel, indigo bunting, piping plover, common loon
rusty blackbird and ruddy turnstone.
The sky was overcast in the morning but at 8:10 a.m. a cold front hit. From then until
9:30 a.m. it rained, but shortly thereafter the rain abated and by noon the sky was clear.
However the gulf was rough and this may explain our failure to get some of the birds listed
above such as red-breasted merganser, eared grebe, piping plover and common loon.
We still need more observers and more parties. All areas suffered from Insufficient
coverage. Nevertheless the total was very good and should rank as one of the top counts in
the United States. Next year with more parties I am confident we can break 150.
IMtQtiMH * iMOtiOMM * .ttltltilt
COMMENTS ON NOVEMBER OBSERVATIONS OF BIRDS AS SHOWN IN CLEARING HOUSE—by Viator L. Emanuel
This years November observations were so unusual that it will be hard for me to do
them justice in an article of reasonable length. Normally November is the month in which
the last trickle <f the fall migration which began way back in July is observed. Also the
winter residents arrive and the pattern and the character of the coming winter season can
be discerned. But this November the migration observed was not a trickle but a wave and a
huge one considering the time of the year. The best place to study migration in our area is
Galveston. Fortunately observations were made at Galveston on November 7th, Sth, 10th, 15th
and of course during the T. 0. S. Field Trip to Galveston November 27-29th. The birds seen
by observers on these dates are listed in the December Spoonbill, but before going into these
observations I would like to consider the November weather and reports from an area north of
ours. The following is a quotation from The Phalarope, the excellent newsletter of the Midland Naturalists (Midnats) of Midland, Texas! "Winter cold, with snow arrived six weeks early
in Colorado and northern New Mexico. This cold was unusually severe for so early In the season. Possibly this may account for our influx of western species. Similar early cold in
the northern plains may have hastened the departure of fall migrants there, and caused the
rapid build-up in our area. When the first cold wave arrived at Midland, it was the coldest
November 5th on record, and a second cold wave on the heels of the first was just as severe.
This sudden severe winter weather, instead of our usual long, mild fall possibly shoved the
mass of fall migrants southward, leaving only our winter residents." The weather in our a-
rea was similar to that in Midland since the same Pacific northwest cold fronts that sweep
over Colorado, New Mexico and Midland usually reach our area. But by the time they get to
the Gulf their intensity is lessened. During November a series offast moving strong cold
fronts swept over the state. The first big one, which hit Midland on November 5th, hit our
area around November 6th and judging from the concentration of migrants observed on Galveston
on November Sth, this sold front did shove the migrants which were concentrated on the south
plains south to the Gulf. A number of migrants were present on Galveston on November 7th
as shown by Feltner's and Beaver's observations. But more must have come in during the night
to have resulted in the concentrations observed by the same two observers plus Mrs. Snyder,
Clinton Snyder and me. While looking for the black phoebe (which Feltner and Deaver had
found on November 7th In the same place at which it was seen last winter from October to
February) we discovered that the salt cedars were teeming with migrants. Our complete list
for this remarkable day was given in the December Spoonbill, but the following records are
especially noteworthy! Seen on November Sth at Galveston; WOOD PEWEE - and one calling at
dusk at Kempner Park, latest previous fall record! November 5« 194l. It is interesting that
Hr. McKay found one at Cove on November 7th of this fall. BLUE-WINGED WARBLER! four in the
salt cedars, this is surprising since this species is considered to be an early fall migrant
with latest previous fall record: October 4, 1942. YELLOW WARBLER: one in the salt cedars
latest fall record! November 10, 194l. PARULA WARBLER! one in the salt cedars, latest fall
record: November 12, ig4s. WAGNOLIA WARBLER: 3 in the salt cedars, latest fall record,
November 16, ig44. BLACK-THROATED GREEN WARBLER - 12, a high count for so late, latest Pall
record, November 30, ig4l. BLUE GROSBEAK - one, latest previous fall record! October 16.