SATURDAY, 4 - 5:30 P.M.
east Tennessee in 1878. The story does not appear
to be easily subsumable under a taletype. Its
interest lies in the multi-level function it seems
to have served as a communicative vehicle for
moral and social teachings. Connor reflects that
though the humor in the tale was what attracted
him to hear it "eight or ten times as I grew up,"
this humor was in fact secondary and served a
pedagogical function in relation to the moral and
social points being transmitted.
Marie Sovereign, Pompano Beach, Florida. "Saci, Legend
The saci is a mischevous black, one-legged character familiar to Brazilian legend. Originating
in traditions among black people, he has been well
delineated in a children's novel The Saci, written
in 1921 by Monteiro Lobato (1884-1948). The novel
describes in detail the characteristics and
behavior of a saci, how he is captured by a young
boy and how he leads the boy into a supernatural
adventure and heroic rescue involving other supernatural beings. Elements of religion and philosophy emerge from the tale, revealing the
syncretism of Black, Indian, and Western concepts
in creating the saci's world. The saci has become
a part of the Brazilian ethos.
FANTASY IN SHAKESPEARE'S PLAYS
Chair: Norman Nathan, Florida Atlantic University.
James Whitlark, Texas Tech University. "The Fantastic
in Hamlet: Equilibrium between the Real and the
Applying to Hamlet a theory of the fantastic
derived from studies of the brain shows that the
play appeals equally to both sides of the mind, an
uneasy equilibrium. On the one hand, such aridly
logical characters as Horatio and Polonius and
some use of legal, philosophical, and theological
language reflect characteristics of the left
brain. On the other hand, the ghost, Ophelia's
madness, and the play's vivid imagery represent
processes of the right brain. With truly divided
mind, Hamlet hesitates between his desires for
reality, permanence, and rationality and his
talent for imaginative improvisation.
Murray J. Levith, Skidmore College. "Illyria, Italia,
Englandia: Shakespeare's Italian Settings."
Many of Shakespeare's plays were written against a
background of intense English interest in Italy.
This interest manifested itself in travel to
Italy, learning the Italian language, translating
and being influenced by Italian books, and apeing
Italian fashion and culture. For Renaissance
Englishmen Italy was an exotic place, a fabled
land. On the one hand, it was the home of
Machiavelli and the Pope; on the other, it was
considered the most advanced civilization of the
time. The cradle of the past and now the newest
frontier, Italy served in part as a metaphor for
Samuel J. Bernstein, Northeastern University.
"Shakespeare's Othello as Bildungsroman:
Reality and Fantasy in Gonflict."
Shakespeare's Othello may be understod
symbolically as a young man undergoing a process
of maturation. Like young men in novels of
maturation, Othello lives partially in fantasy.
Unlike them, however, his fantasizing is neither a
buffer against harsh reality nor a means of integrating real and fantastic psychological elements
gracefully. This is due to the powerful influence
of the fantastic in his psyche and to the overwhelmingly negative influence of Iago, his enemy,
also associated with fantasy. Iago functions like
a wisdom figure in a novel of maturation, but is
false and manages to undermine Othello's maturation.
THE PREMISE AND THE STORY IN GERMAN LITERATURE:
EXTENSIONS OF FANTASTIC OR UNUSUAL ASSUMPTIONS
Chair: Ernest L. Weiser, Florida Atlantic University.
Hans Ternes, Lawrence University. "Michael Ende's
Uhendliche Geschichte: The Promise of Phantasia."
According to Michael Ende, modern man suffers from
schizophrenia, his intellect is ruled by science,
his moral behavior by traditional, outmoded values. The world created by the modern religion of
science has become uninhabitable. Ende is convinced that the world has to be "re-humanized" by
making it accessible to human experience again, by
infusing it with poesy that springs from the wells
of man's creative imagination. Ende's novel Un-
endliche Geschichte is both an attack on the
idolization of science and its dehumanizing influence as well as a search for regeneration within the eternally youthful realm of imagination.
David B. Dickens, Washington and Lee University. "Kurt
Kusenberg and the Quest for Higher Order."
Although his work displays a concern about higher
ordering forces, Kusenberg rejects most traditional explanations of human existence. Yet man by
nature seeks something supra-human to lend significance to his own life. Kusenberg's characters
frequently undertake the sometimes exotic, sometimes dangerous, quest for that higher order,
encountering capricious chance, mysterious protectors, principles of time and physics, even the
truth of the bottle. Closer examination reveals,
amid humor, fantasy, and the absurd, echoes of
Feuerbach and existential thought: life is what
we choose to make it, and the quest's end may lie
in "authentic existence" itself, no matter what
VISION AND VISUAL ART
Chair: Joel N. Feimer, Mercy College.
James D. Luciana, Mercy College. "Photography: Object
as Catalyst: An Extended Reality."
An exploration of the concept of the cognitive
moment as the initial inspiration that ignites in