SATURDAY, 2 - 3:30 P.M.
In Sam Shepard's phantasmagorical America, men and
women stumble through a painful existence
desperately trying to explain their origins and
identities both to themselves and to the world.
Their autobiographies take the form of intense
monologues or passionate songs in which they
attempt to describe who they are, why they are,
and where they are. The monologues and songs
reveal these characters self-perceptions — only
when they hear what they are saying — do these
people understand who they are.
Michael H. Palmer, Louisburg College. "Discovering the
Self of Everyman: Fantasy in Wilder's Our Town."
The content of Our Town is an accumulation of many
simple details of daily life. In the crucial third
act, the graveyard scene, the fantasy of Emily's
return from death to relive her twelth birthday
and to converse with the dead is the central
dramatic genius in Wilder's tale of common life.
In this act, he carefully juxtaposes the simple
details of living with the philosophical and metaphysical probings that fuse into a carefully
articulated theme. The playwright gives to Emily's
insights the yearnings of Everyman: "Life is too
beautiful for anyone to realize"; only the dead
truly appreciate the beauty and miracle of life.
REFLECTIONS: MIRRORS IN FILM OF THE FANTASTIC
Chair: Virginia Harger-Grinling, Memorial University
of Newfoundland, Canada.
Peter Harris, University of Toronto. "Mirror, Mirror
on the Wall: Mirrors in Early German Film."
The mirror is one of the most ubiquitous images in
literature and painting through the ages. The
newest art form, film, was not slow in realizing
the suitability of the mirror as a visual image,
for it as a primarily visual medium. Two early
German films in particular, The Student of Prague
(1913) and Warning Shadows (1922), demonstrate how
their respective directors innovatively adapted
the mirror into a cinematic image with both literal and metaphorical aspects. This paper examines
how these directors achieved their adaptions.
Leonard S. Heldreth, Northern Michigan University.
"The Mirror as Symbol and Sign in Film."
This paper will survey the traditional uses of the
mirror as a symbol in literature and psychology
and indicate how these interpretations carry over
to film. Examples will be drawn from films as
diverse as the 1910 Frankenstein and The Student
of Prague through Fassbinder's recent "double"
SATURDAY, MARCH 26
4-5:30 P. M.
THE LOCUS OF FANTASY
Chair: Jules Zanger, Southern Illinois University,
Roger C. Schlobin, Purdue University, North Central
Campus. "The Fantasy Quest and the Locus Amoenus.
Among the many meaning-filled image clusters in
literature, the garden is one of the most recurrent and popular. Yet, its importance in the
fantasy quest has rarely, if ever, been explored.
This paper discusses the stultifying and deadly
locus amoenus as it attempts to seduce a wide
variety of heroic protagonists in such works as
Tolkien's Lord of the Rings, Nancy Kress' The
Prince of Morning Bells, Roger Zelazny's Dilvish
the Damned, and many others.
Nancy E. James, Westminster College. "Opening a Door
in the Air: The 'Beginning Place' of a Parallel
One type of fantasy fiction is the parallel world
story in which the protagonist passes from this
world into a universe of alien species and different "natural" laws. The writer of this paper,
aspiring to write a juvenile novel, analyzed four
examples (two written for children and two for
adults) and discovered a pattern in the story
openings: the protagonist is introduced in a
realistic setting, but soon there are foreshadow-
ings of the fantastic, followed shortly by the
character's entry into the parallel world. Differences between the juvenile and adult examples lie
in the opening point of view and the extent of
characterization. The writer's own first chapter,
following the pattern, attempts to resemble the
adult models more than the juvenile in those
features and at the same time to avoid implying
serious conflicts that would be more appropriate
in a realistic novel.
Jeannette Hume Lutton, Morehouse College. "The Garden
of Eden Motif in James Baldwin."
No abstract available.
CLEVER CHARACTERS IN MYTH AND FOLKLORE
Chair: Judith Ortiz Gofer, University of Miami.
Jack Zipes, University of Wisconsin. "Feminist Fairy
Tales and Cultural Criticism in America."
During the past ten years there has been a wave of
feminist fairy tales written for children and
adults. Along with the creative wave there have
been numerous critical studies which analyze the
function of fairy tales within the socialization
process. Most of the studies take issue with the
regressive portrayal of sex roles in the classical
fairy tales, whereas the new tales expldre alternative models to improve social relations between
the sexes. My paper explores the underlying socio-
psychological significance of the fairy tales and
the critical studies in light of cultural developments in America.
Ernie Williams, Saint Leo College, Florida. "Old Ann
Gibbs: A North Alabama Family Story."
The story of Old Ann Gibbs was told to old-time
banjoist Jim Connor, of Gadsden, Alabama, by his
grandmother, Drucilla Vest Setzer, who was born in