Friday, 2 - 3:30 p.m.
to strange, but pleasing and positive, flights of
fancy. The shift in the third poem, from an
Edenic vision to one of blasted terrain and desolation, also involves a feminine creation on the
part of the speaker.
MOTIFS AND STRUCTURES OF HIGHER STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Chair: Ralph Yarrow, University of East Anglia.
Carmine Sarracino, Elizabethtown College. "Fantasy and
the Expansion of Consciousness."
The expansion of consciousness is, implicitly and
explicitly, one of the main themes of fantasy, and
therein may reside the most worthwhile justification of the genre. Using a model of consciousness
based upon Maharishi Mahesh Yogi's Vedic "Science
of Creative Intelligence" (since the Vedas present
a comprehensive elucidation of higher states of
consciousness) I consider the purpose of fantasy
to be the restoration in us of a sense of wonder,
and of heroic "supernornal" capacities that characterize Vedic "enlightenment." If, as the Vedas
claim, such potential is in fact realizable
through, for instance, Transcendental Meditation,
then fantasy holds before us more steadily and
dramatically than any other genre this attainable
vision of possibilities.
Peter Malekin, University of Durham. "The Art of
Before any motifs or structures germane to higher
states of consciousness can be located in art, it
is first necessary to define those higher states
themselves and to clarify the altered relationship
with the objective world entailed by them. This
is possible, since writers who deal with them
(including Plato, Plotinus, Christian mystics,
Taoists, Patanjali and some modern philosophers)
are consistent in the model of the mind they
develop. This model illuminates the way a whole
range of literature, from Shakespeare to Blake and
modern science fiction, can not only convey feelings and ideas (the objects of consciousness), but
alter modes of consciousness as such.
C. W. J. Spinks, Trinity University. "Semiotic
Approaches to Higher States of Consciousness."
This paper is an examination of semiotic approaches to higher states of consciousness. It first
sketches a tri-partite typology of different systems for attaining altered states of consciousness
bio-chemical, bio-feedback, and semiotic, and it
argues that the first two are primarily semiotic
in nature in that they are neurological and physiological preparations to semiotic shifts in values
and perceptions. The paper then looks at the relationships between dreams, the shamanistic tradition, and the trickster figure as elements in the
semeosis of altered states. Finally it uses Peir-
cean models to argue that higher states of consciousness are fundamental aspects of the signification process of human beings and closely related
to what Peirce called the "logic of discovery."
THOMAS BURNETT SWANN
Chair: Robert A. Collins, Florida Atlantic University.
Joy M. Schwab, Florida Atlantic University. "Lady of
the Bees: The Eternal Feminine."
In this work Swann delineates those female roles
and characteristics which encourage the evolution
and survival of mankind. Mellonia, the good and
the beautiful, carries Swann's matriarchal messages.
Jerry Holt, Palm Beach Junior College. "Literary,
Geographic, and Religious Allusions in The Goat
Swann described The Goat Without Horns as "a tall
tale with elements of Gothic parody." Here the
book is considered Gothic, but not in the horror
story sense. The sources for Swann's approach to
the Gothic are examined.
Robert A. Collins, Florida Atlantic University. "Love
Is A Dragonfly."
In poems, in an early, unpublished biography of
Sappho, in short stories and in chapter headings,
Swann worked and reworked this metaphor. Editors
didn't like it, and usually changed it, but its
ambience is central to Swann's viewpoint.
THE ONCE AND FUTURE EDEN: THE
IDEAL LANDSCAPE IN
Chair: Joel N. Feimer, Mercy College, New York.
Fay T. Greenwald, Mercy College. "The Urban Sublime:
Images of New York City."
With the emergence of the skyscraper as an indigenous American art came the popularity of photography. As the skyline of New York City evolved,
photographs of the city helped the viewer to
"read" the cityscape. In the literature of the
the turn of the century the text often treated the
indefinable city as both attractive and repellent.
The blood-red city of man more and more came to be
photographed as the white, shining City on the
Hill. The luminosity and the new architectural
form of New York City was seen as a mysterious
"Manhattan sphinx." This paper will attempt to
trace the growth of the rhetoric of the urban
Howard Canaan, Mercy College. "Androgyny and the
Paradisiacal Garden in Kafka's The Castle."
Kafka's imaginative world of deserts, barren
offices, and gray landscapes has been recognized
as a wasteland, but implicit in Kafka's vision of
desolation is a vision of a hidden paradise. As a
case in point, The Castle contains such a locus
amoenus buried beneath its snow-covered terrain.
Not only a number of textual references to gardens, but the relationship of K. and Frieda and