Friday, 11 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.
FANTASTIC FUNERARY PROJECTS
Chair: Kathleen Russo, Florida Atlantic University.
Robert Neuman, Florida State University. "Fantasy and
the Cult of the Dead: The Revolutionary
Architects and Their Sources."
The imaginary tomb projects conceived by the
Revolutionary Architects in late 18th Century
France are characterized by megalomaniacal scale,
romantic shadowiness, and geometric purity. The
purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that the
brilliant designs of Boullee, Ledoux, and their
circle, often interpreted as extravagant breaks
with the past, were frequently an elaboration of
formal and symbolic themes explored by architects
of the Ancien Regime, when projects of visionary
intensity were similarly conceived without regard
for structural feasibility or cost.
Daniel Bellante, Broward Community College. "Sources
and Influences for Aldo Rossi's Cemetery at
Aldo Rossi's cemetery at Modena (1976) is a complex and imaginative structure which reflects
sources as varied as Mesopotamian ziggurats, and
Nazi municipal buildings. Rossi's controversial
"post-modern" style recalls the futuristic film
fantasy "Metropolis" and evokes the haunting solitude of de Chirico's surrealist paintings. This
presentation will examine these and other influences on Rossi's Modena Cemetery project.
Liana Cheney, University of Lowell. "Fantastic
Funerary Art in Nineteenth Century Italian
Italian sepulchral sculpture flourished in the
cemeteries of Verona, Genova, and Milan in the
Nineteenth Century. The Italian funerary sculptor
became a commercial craftsman in representing
scenes associated with death. The haunting images
of Dead Christ and Danse Macabre of the Medieval
period were assimilated and translated into new
erotic forms of nude, weeping, and sleeping females. The erotic images reflected the Realistic
and Romantic vocabulary of the Nineteenth Century.
The Italian artistic mind was able to whimsically
create funerary images in an absurd manner by
allowing fantasy to camouflage and transform decaying cadavers into living souls.
FANTASY IN FRENCH LITERATURE AND FILM
Chair: Yolanda Astarita Patterson, California State
Ruth B. Antosh, Colgate University. "Unlocking the
Riddle of Huysmans' Bi Rade."
J. K. Huysmans' novel En Rade consists largely of
an extended description of a crumbling, isolated
castle and the surrounding countryside. Virtually
nothing happens in the novel, although the protagonist, Jacques Maries, has three bizarre dreams
which appear to have no relationship to the rest
of the novel. The dream sequences are not, as is
generally thought, entirely unrelated to the
"real" world of the castle and its environs.
Jacques' dreams are representative of his search
for identity and for permanence, stability and
transcendence in a world thata is disintegrating
(the castle). The paper will consider the problem
of whether En Rade is a novel in the Gothic
tradition, or perhaps a sort of satire of the
Scott Bates, The University of the South. "The Phallic
French Moon Voyage, From Jules Verne to Guillaume
W. H. Auden described the Apollo mission to the
moon as a "phallic triumph" of "the boys." The
age-old metaphor that equates the moon with the
hindquarters and the lunar voyage with anal intercourse is as old as Aristophanes and found in a
number of literary texts of the last two centuries. A few selected phallic moon voyages in late
nineteenth and early twentieth century French
literature are analyzed, from Jules Verne's De la
terre a la lune, Verlaine's Fetes galantes, and
Rimbaud's prose poems to Apollinaire's "Lunaire,"
including Georges Melies' "Un Voyage a la lune"
and Kenneth Anger's "La Lime des lapins."
Yolanda Astarita Patterson, California State University. "Fantasies of Childhood in 20th Century
France: From Le Grand Meaulnes to Truffaut's
Alain-Fournier's novel Le Grand Meaulnes was both
required and preferred reading for many of the
leading French intellectuals of our century. Set
in a provincial boys' school, it explores the
often painful passage from childhood through adolescence to maturity, with its changing moods of
suspicion, camaraderie, competition, violence,
rebellion, escape, and romantic fantasy. These
themes are echoed in a series of films portraying
life in boys' schools which span a half century of
French cinema: Abel Gance's Napoleon, Jean Vigo's
Zero de conduite, Albert Lamorisse's Le Ballon
rouge, Francois Truffaut's Les Quatre Cents Coups
and more recent L'Argent de poche.
Mark Levy, California State University. "Fantasy in
"There are times when reality becomes too complex
for oral communication but legend gives it a form
by which it pervades the entire world," says the
computer Alpha 60 in Godard's Alphaville. Dramatizing the alienating effects of high technology
in mythopoetic form, Godard shows what cannot be
said by a factual or documentary approach. Not
only does Godard's legend making involve a novel
use of the science fiction genre, but he also
refers to other kinds of fantasy in this film:
Greek mythology, grade B American gangster movies,
and French surrealist poetry. This paper will
investigate the fantasy elements which helped to
establish Alphaville as one of Godard's most compelling films.
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