FRIDAY, 9 - 10:30 A.M.
trol others and be the center of confirming attention. Essentially a family story, Metamorphosis
provides a fantastic depiction of a man who is destroyed by the emotionally invalidating responses
of his family.
St. George Tucker Arnold,Jr., Florida International
University. "Don Marquis, archy and mehitabel,
and the Triumph of Comic Vitality: Cats and Cockroaches on the Darkling Plain."
Don Marquis' archy and mehitabel stories contrast
less distinctive light verse by the way the imaginative vitality of roach and cat transcends the
depression, terror that would be more reasonable
responses to the lethal back-alley underworld they
inhabit. They strugle not solely to survive, but
to maintain dignifying elements of their roach and
cat personalities; archy must keep his poet's soul
alive, rage at Fate for demotion from human to
vermin, criticize humanity for hypocrisy, and even
plot cosmic revenge for his lot. Mehitabel
asserts her always-a-lady-in-spite-of-hell sense
of herself, disregarding damage to ego and skeletal system. Both transform harsh experience to
poetry: poetry of romantic adventure, of Rabelaisian self-celebration, of cosmic, even infernal
THE FANTASTIC AND LATIN AMERICAN WRITERS
Chair: Nora Orthmann, University of Miami.
Kathleen M. Glenn, Wake Forest University.
"Reflections on the Writing of a Fantastic
In recent years a number of Spanish writers have,
as it were, invited us into their workshop and
have permitted us to observe the conception or
elaboration of literary texts. Jose Maria
Merino's Novela de Andres Choz (1976) is of
particular interest because it dramatizes the
writing of a fantastic novel. Merino's
protagonist, Choz, is engaged in the process of
composing a fantastic narrative, and in a series
of letters to a friend he discusses the problems
he encounters in trying to give form to his ideas.
(His observations are doubly self-reflexive
inasmuch as they faithfully mirror the problems
Merino faced.) Thus we see a writer writing,
reading, and reflecting on the genre of the
Gloria S. Melendez, Brigham Young University.
"Reincarnation and Metempsychosis in Am ado Nervo's
Among the Mexican poet Arnado Nervo's prolific
writings are some forty short stories and essay-
stories in addition to six "nouvelles" that can be
called "fantastic" or that deal with the
"strange." Two of these short novels and three of
the short stories deal with reincarnation and
metempsychosis. These works reflect Nervo's constant preoccupation in his search for the secrets
of life through various religions and philosophies, as well as reveal his relatively little
known narrative skill.
FANTASTIC IN ITALIAN LITERATURE I
Chair: Mario B. Mignone, State University of New York
at Stony Brook.
Florinda Iannace, Fordham University. "The Ideal Woman
and Fantasy in Dante, Petrarca and Boccaccio."
This paper explores how Beatrice, Laura, and
Fiammetta represent the feminine ideal of the
three great poets as well as one of the best
fruits of their fantasy and imagination. Each
author has created and fashioned woman according
to his ideal, expanding on his creation during all
his poetic life trying to bring her to completion
and to perfection.
Emanuel L. Paparella, University of Puerto Rico.
"Vico's Fantasia as the Origins of Modern
Modern hermeneutics has its origins in a general
theory of linguistic understanding whose precursors are usually thought to be Schleiermacher and
Dilthey in the 19th Century and Heidegger and
Gadamer in the 20th Century. Already in the 18th
Century, Giambattista Vico had shown in his New
Science (1730) that the encounter with a literary
work of art is always intrinsically historical and
linguistic. For Vico the very origins of the
human world are intimately connected to the origins of language; what he called "poetic wisdom."
Within this imaginative activity (Fantasia), myth
is of utmost importance. Indeed Vico is the first
theoretician of language to point out the essential function of myth for the proper understanding
and interpretation of humanistic disciplines.
Vincenzo Bollettino, Montclair State College. "The
Nature of the Fantastic in the Novels of Carlo
Levi and Garcia Marquez."
In Carlo Levi's "Gagliano" and Gabriel Garcia
Marquez' "Macondo" there is no way to tell truth
from rumor, history from fantasy. In "Macondo"
and "Gagliano" there are many marvels which have
nothing to do with our commonplace scientific
world at all; nature does not function there with
the regularity or impartiality it shows elsewhere,
and time, if it moves at all, moves in circles.
"Gagliano" and "Macondo" are lost worlds,
anachronistic societies at once real and magical,
grotesque and fantastic, amusing and tragic to the
sophisticated eye. To both writers, the fantastic
is often inseparable from what is realistically
cruel and bizarre.
RELIGION AND TWENTIETH CENTURY FANTASY
Chair: Melissa E. Barth, Appalachian State University.
David M. Miller, Purdue University. "Frank Herbert's
The novels of Frank Herbert raise the question,
"Is there a Supreme Being who is qualitatively
different from man?" The answers the different