Sat. 2-3:29 Cont.
emphasizes his point through a language based on
Germanic-Nordic roots, rich in metaphor, rejecting
the Latinate and Frenchified vocabulary of
LILLIAN HELDRETH, University of Northern Michigan,
"Shadow of the Swashbuckler: Social Conscience
Marion Zimmer Bradley's Darkover novels originated
in escapist sword-and-sorcery fantasy, with all
the trappings of adolescent adventure in exotic
worlds where men can be men, wallowing in combat
and sex. Yet even these early efforts show
elements of conscience, which become more dominant
until the later Darkover novels become vehicles
for a sophisticated, radical appraisal of human
society and sex roles. This paper examines the
development of Bradley's social conscience,
demonstrating that the former confessions' author
presents in her popular series a reversed view of
sword-and-sorcery that shows what it would be like
truly to live in the world of our fantasies —
especially for women.
INGEBORG KOHN, University of Arizona, "Reversal of
Tradition, Oblivion of Memory: The Fantastic
Vision of Monique Wittig's Utopia in Les
The creation of a fantastic world as a form of
social criticism: this is the achevement of the
French contemporary novelist/feminist Monique
Wittig in Les Guerilleres (The women warriors).
Her aim is to totally reverse the social order in
Western society by means of substituting a femal
discours. This would abolish all our myths and
traditions, responsible for the creation and
perpetuation of phallologocentrism in a
biblico-capitalist society. The setting of this
imaginary new world is a fantasy land, a paradise
of astonishing species of fauna and flora. Its
inhabitants, the guerilleres, invent a mythical
past which places women in the center of the
THE FANTASTIC AND THE
19TH CENTURY CITYSCAPE
CHAIR: Louise Fiber Luce, Miami University.
GRANT CRICHFIELD, University of Vermont, "Locus Hocus
Pocus in Theophile Gautier's 'Arria Marcella'."
Gautier's dynamic cityscape sets up the tensions
which create the fantastic effect of this text.
Such typically fantastic motifs as the lava bust
sprung to life; pagan sensuality vs. Christian
morality; the conquest of time and mortality; the
momentarily actualized ideal; the acceptance of a
new, if possible, logic all depend on the
labyrinthine temenos that is Pompeii. The
reintegrated and reanimated ruins constitute the
major rupture with ordinary physical, temporal and
psychic realities which leads to a fearful
malaise; the city itself is the primary
provocation for the explicit hesitation essential
to the fantastic experience.
HEIDI E. FALETTI, Pennsylvania State University, The
Behrend College, "The Mythic Modernism of Demonic
St. Petersburg in Gogol's Nevsky Avenue."
St. Petersburg appears in Russian literature, from
the Age of Pushkin to Symbolism, as the mythic
personification of the sterile Western metropolis
of modern epoch. This paper will explore Gogol's
tale, Nevsky Avenue, with focus on the
supernatural suggestion of a fateful impact the
city has on the lives of two young men.
Concentration will be on imagery, mood, and plot
elements which place in relief both the city's
diabolical atmosphere and the juxtaposition of
dream and reality which defines the plight of the
WALTER M. GERSHUNNY, Northeastern University, "The
Mystical Cities of Flanders in the Poetry of
The poetry of Belgian symbolist Georges Rodenbach
evokes the silent mysteries of the cities of his
native Flanders. Enshrouded in Northern mists,
his cities appear as extensions of the poet's own
vitiated soul. Somnolent and abandoned, they are
caught in the throes of death and decay.
Spirituality proves the only source of their
salvation; suffused in an aura of mystical
devotion, these dormant cities present an
otherworldly vision on the Flemish landscape.
THE FANTASTIC IN JEWISH LITERATURE I:
THE MIDDLE AGES THROUGH
THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
CHAIR: David Miller, Ohio State University.
BRUCE ROSS, State University of New York, "Pathetic
Creation: The Medieval and Renaissance Debate over
the Golem Figure."
Isaac Bashevi's Singer maintains that the golem
figure in H. Leivick's play The Golem fails to
achieve its intentions because it "lacks a moral
imperative." Singer's observation restates the
earlier Hasidic and Kabbalist assessments and
highlights the pathos of a being that interacts
with human beings while lacking a will of its own.
The paper will examine the theological and literary
traditions of the golem figure and judge the
limitations and ambiguities of viewing this being
as a metaphor of the relationship between God and
MARK BERNHEIM, Miami University, "'How the Rabbi Was
Changed into a Werewolf and the Mayse-Bukh of
Appearing around the year 1600, the Mayse-bukh has
played an important if overlooked role in the
continuation of Yiddish literature. This
collection of stories fuses popular, folk, and
religious traditions into a basically harmonious
opus that is important for revealing attitudes and
beliefs of the emerging Yiddish-speaking world
centered in the Rhineland. Moral and theological
values are affixed to familiar stories of conduct,
in the hopes that the largely female readership
will nourish the traditions at home for future