In these two North American novels of the 1970's,
both concerning travel through time and space, the
search for the absolute is reflected in the ties
and fatal relationships established between the
vampire and his or her victims. The character of
this creature leads itself to universal
interpretations on the human condition and to more
particular interpretations on modern occidental
as a supernatural
the Devil, while
blend of human
THREE CLASSIC TEXTS
CHAIR: Norman Nathan, Florida Atlantic University.
DEBBIE JAY, Texas Tech University, "Of Men and of
Demons: The Duchess of Malfi."
Except for the Cardinal, John Webster taints the
characters in the Duchess of Malfi (before 1614)
with varying degrees of evil, using supernatural
association to lend credibility to the characters'
evil. Though never portrayed
being, the Cardinal represents
Ferdinand and Bosola share a
witchcraft and supernatural
Through this blend, both characters feasibly
suffer guilt. In opposition to the Cardinal's total
evil, the Duchess is surrounded by suggested evil:
her spirit remains vital in life and death.
Melding images in varying degrees allows fuller
character development and illustrates Webster's
belief that man could be more evil than demons.
ISSA PETERS, American Graduate School of
International Management, "Social Criticism and
Fantasy in The Arabian Nights: 'The Envious
That the fantastic element in The One Thousand and
One Nights is employed to entertain the audience
with imaginary ventures or as a means of wish
fulfillment of an otherwise miserable world, "The
Envious Sisters" proves to be an idle and narrow
view. The story is disguised social criticism of
arbitrary punishment for crime, thus relating
directly to the frame story of the Nights. The
devices of the fantastic utilized in the story,
such as the three magical objects, serve to
advance the plot as well as to disguise social
criticism which would otherwise be too direct and
therefore dangerous to the narrator.
MARILYN JURICH, Suffolk University, "The Fugue of
'Alienation' and Fantasy in Blake's Songs of
Innocence and Experience."
In Songs of Innocence and Experience, Blake sets
up a dialectic, vioce detached from mind,
conscious from unconscious; participant's
sensibility contrasted with observer's
discernment. The means by which Blake seeks to
raise critical consciousness in his reader clearly
resembles the "alienation" effect Brecht
accomplishes in the epic theater. The spectator's
intelligence must remain active even while he
sympathizes with the plight of the victim.
Session XIII, Saturday,
FREDERIK POHL, reading two new
"Options" and "The New Neighbors."
Fred Pohl's credits and accomplishments are
legendary in science fiction. Beginning as a first
generation fan (the Futurians), and an editor at
19, he has helped to shape the genre as much or
more than any other writer. Still going strong
after 40 years, his novels regularly place high on
the bestseller lists, and on the ballots for Hugo
and Nebula Awards. Pohl's early collaboration with
C. M. Kornbluth, The Space Merchants, is a classic
often chosen for college classes, while Man Plus,
Gateway, Beyond the Blue Event Horizon, and The
Cool War have either won, or placed second, in
major awards balloting. Pohl's editorship of I£
won that magazine three Hugo Awards, while under
his leadership Galaxy introduced the finest new
writers of the day. Pohl has also headed the SFWA
and World SF, served actively in SFRA, the American
Astronautical Society, British Interplanetary
Society, New York Academy of Sciences, the World
Future Society and countless other causes.
KARL HANSEN, reading an excerpt from
progress, from The Hybrids Trilogy.
a novel in
Karl Hansen is a medical officer for the Public
Health Service on the- Ute Mountain Indian
Reservation, but plans to retire from medicine at
the end of his tour to write full time. His first
novel, Wargames drew enthusiastic reviews last
year. Hansen has published stories in Analog,
Galileo, and the Chyrsalis anthologies, as well as
the Berkeley Showcase series. He writes what is
known as "hard science" fiction.
AS SOCIAL CRITICISM II
CHAIR: 0. M. Drekonja, St. John's University,
RICHARD MATHEWS, University of Tampa, "Social Roots
in William Morris's The Roots of the Mountain."
After years of lecturing and organizing for
political and social change, William Morris turned
to fiction to portray alternative social visions.
The House of the Wolfings (1888) and The Roots of
the Mountains (1889) not only are the first modern
fantasy novels written in English, but are
thematic partners which reveal a fresh and strong
communal society rooted in the British past. The
Roots of the Mountains establishes historical
roots for social organizations based on kinship
with one's fellow man and with the earth. Morris