peasant was central to the literary and folkloric
practice and polemic of such key revival writers
as W.B. Yeats, John Synge, George Russell, Lady
Gregory and Douglas Hyde.
PETER W. MACKY, Westminster College, "Social
Criticism in C.S. Lewis's That Hideous Strength."
C.S. Lewis's novel That Hideous Strength presents
a sharp criticism of the modern ideology of
Materialism in fantasy form. The heart of his
criticism is this: Materialism proclaims that
there are no universal values binding on all
humankind; thus it leaves the way open for those
with power to develop completely dehumanizing
institutions to control society for their own ends.
Materialists, by their disbelief in values and in
Spirit, play right into the hands of destructive
CRITICAL APPROACHES TO SCIENCE FICTION
CHAIR: Marshall B. Tymn, Eastern Michigan University.
THOMAS D. CLARESON, College of Wooster, "What, Then,
Is Science Fiction?"
Although I do not intend to set up a rigid
definition of science fiction, I shall draw upon
the materials of Some Kind of Paradise: A History
of the American Science Fiction 1870-1930t to be
published by Greenwood Press; my introduction to
the forthcoming reference work on English language
science fiction, fantasy and horror magazines,
edited by Marshall B. Tymn and Mike Ashley; and a
dialogue with Barry Malzberg at the 1981 MLA
meeting in order to look for any changing
characteristics which have governed the content,
vision, and structural techniques of science
DAVID KETTERER, Concordia University, "Covering A
Case of Conscience."
An examination of the "Case of Conscience:
Correspondence File," which forms part of the
Blish Papers in the New Bodleian Library, reveals
how Blish extended his 1953 novella into the book
of 1958. It would appear from this evidence (and
from the two published versions of the story) that
Blish does not fully endorse the understanding of
the alien Lithians arrived at by his protagonist,
Father Ruiz-Sanchez, i.e., the view that they and
their planet constitute a Satanic trap.
ANIMALS AND ANIMISM AND THE FANTASTIC
CHAIR: Margaret Simmons, Hampton Institute.
MICHELE LANGFORD, Pepperdine University, "Fantastic
Animals: The Structure of Dream in Supervielle's
Animals for Jules Supervielle have a privileged
position in the universe, for they are in touch
with a primary source of knowledge. In his desire
to reach a blessed state, a poetic and fantastic
world preceding creation, Supervielle seeks to
communicate with animals. To do so, he must invent
a new language. But does language emerge from the
outer being? Can form that shapes an individual
be separated from his speech? Is metamorphosis the
key to the secret word, and the vehicle for the
BRUCE ROSS, State University New York, Buffalo,
"Mysteries of the Broad Backed Church: T. S.
Eliot's 'The Hippopotamus.'"
Most critics of "The Hippopotamus" have taken the
poem to represent a satiric, perhaps frivolous,
indictment of various shortcomings in man's
traditonal religious attitudes and practices that
in the poem are embodied in the True Church. The
culminating fantasy of the hippopotamus' ascension
tends to leaven the poem's cumulative attack upon
the True Church's failures. This paper explicates
the hippopotamus image in the light of the poem's
epigraph to explain why the hippo receives a more
favorable treatment than the True Church.
JANET GLUCKMAN, Professional Media Services, "The
Absurd Theater of War: A Repertory of Scarecrows."
Successful presentations of war and revolution
have been made by writers who see man as a
scarecrow masquerading as a human being. As
substantiation, the paper uses, among others, the
works of Dickens, de Ghelderode, Grass, Kurt
Vonnegut, and Hesse. These writers all found it
necessary to use the Theater of the Absurd as
their medium. Through the personification of
inanimate objects such as the scarecrow, they face
the absurdities of war and express the insidious
process of dehumanization which makes brutality an
acceptable commonplace and catapults man into a
state of animalism.
THE FANTASTIC IN JEWISH LITERATURE II:
THE NINETEENTH AND TWENTIETH CENTURIES
CHAIR: David Neal Miller, Ohio State University.
STEPHEN H. GARRIN, University of Texas, "Der Nister's
Unter a Ployt: Affinities with Kafka."
In the Field of Yidddish, volume two, Khone
Shmeruk examines Der Nister's short work, "Under a
Fence." This thorough appraisal omits the
Kafkaesque aspects of the story, which are the
most blatant. In this paper I will explain the
elements of time-word-space in Der Nister's Unter
a ployt, as they relate to the parables of Kafka.
as well as style
DAGMAR C.G. LORENZ, Ohio State University, "Elements
of the Fantastic in German Holocaust Literature:
'Gare Maritime' and Use Aichinger's Dolls."
(No abstract available.)
NANCY LUKENS, College of Wooster, "Jurek Becker'
Jacob the Liar: Fantasy and Hope Amidst Holocaust."
Basic to Becker's 1969 novel is the element of