One school of critical thought credits the
"reality" of Goodman Brown's fantastic
experiences, the other ascribes these experiences
to hallucination or hysteria, leaving the reader
with the logical problem of synthesizing a
normative reading. Literarily, however, one is
obliged to accept both views simultaneously. This
is not only sanctioned in much fantastic
literature but even assumed. The fantastic quality
of literature inheres not only in irreality but in
how such texts are naturalized.
CHESTER WOLFORD, The Behrend College, Pennsylvcania
State University. "Intimations of the Epic in The
Hawthorne's use of the epic tradition remains
unexamined, although The Scarlet Letter draws
heavily upon it. Like the Iliad and the Odyssey,
the novel is divided into 24 parts. As in many
epics, the action is of two kinds: Dimmesdale's
battle, like Aeneas's, is fought internally in the
first half, externally in the second. Epic
transcendence occurs for Dimmesdale through Pearl,
who escapes the past into the ethereal world of
nobility, and the defeat that normally accompanies
transcendence occurs in Dimmesdale's death, A
similar argument could be made for Hester.
ARTHUR COLEMAN, C. W. Post College, Long Island
University. "Hawthorne's Pragmatic Fantasies."
Hawthorne, in the majority of his tales,
exemplifies perfectly a writer who uses the
resources of controlled science fiction and
fantasy — gothic ambiance, spells, omens, charms,
ghosts, devils, witches, potions, alchemists,
conjurors, fortune-tellers, pseudo-scientists,
metaphysical artists, mesmerists, and a revolving
stage of extramundane events and effects — to
dramatize and reveal psychological insights about
the human condition.
Session IV, Thursday,
Film: BRIAN'S SONG
11:00 a.m. - 12:15 p.m.
1971, United States. Directed by Buzz Kulick. With
James Caan, Billy Dee Williams, Shelley Fabares.
An Emmy Award-winning movie made for television,
BRIAN'S SONG is the true story of two teammates of
the Chicago Bears football team, Gale Sayers and
Film: THE GREAT ECSTASY OF THE
1975, West Germany. Directed by Werner Herzog.
Herzog's lyrical documentary is about Walter
Steiner, a Swiss woodcarver who is also the
world's greatest ski jumper. Steiner usually
flies beyond the landing areas of courses designed
for ordinary men, smashing all existing records and
confronting death every time he jumps. Amazing
slow-motion photography captures the splendid,
terrifying isolation of Walter Steiner's ecstasy.
MARK DINTENFASS, reading an excerpt from Old World,
Mark Dintenfass's fifth novel, Old World,! New
World, was published by William Morrow last month
to wide acclaim. His first was written at the
University of Iowa's Writer's Workshop in 1968.
He teaches writing at Lawrence University in
Appleton, Wisconsin, is a veteran of the Peace
Corps, and once taught at Haile Selassie
University in Addis Ababa.
THOMAS ATKINS, reading an excerpt from
Manifestation, a horror novel in progress.
Thomas Atkins teaches at Hollins College,
Virginia, and is the author of two novels,
numerous plays and short stories, and five
critical books on film. He is also editor of The
Film Journal, and co-author of The Fire Came,
which has been widely translated, condensed, and
turned into a television program.
HARLAN ELLISON, speaking to an "open session" of the
Harlan Ellison is the author of over a thousand
published short stories, movie scripts, and T.V.
plays, and widely acclaimed as prose stylist,
philosophical gadfly, and social critic among
contemporary authors. His love-hate relationship
with contemporary media is legendary. His stories
are widely anthologized, in collections ranging
from classroom "lit" books to bedtime readers.
JUNGIAN ARCHETYPES IN LITERATURE
CHAIR: Renate Delphendahl, University of Maine,
Orono; Grant Crichfield, University of Vermont.
FREDERICK J. BEHARRIEL, State University of New York,
Albany. "Archetypes in Golding's Lord of the
To emphasize the infinite riches of the collective
unconscious, Jung once said that a little child
could"reproduce all the myths and archetypes and
religions the human race ever dreamed, imagined or
invented. This idea may have been the inspiration
for Lord of the Flies. When a group of boys are
stranded on an island without adults they revert
to a primitive social stage, the infancy of
mankind. While the main characters are perhaps as
properly seen as reflecting Freud's id, ego, and
superego, the whole development of the child
society, its symbols, its rituals, its types, its
phobias, and its religion represent the emergence
of Jungian archetypes from the collective