WILLIAM L. McGRATH expresses his views on the International Labor Organization. As U. S.
Employer Delegate to the ILO Annual Conferences of 1954 and 1955,
and having previously attended ILO Conferences as U. S. Employer
Advisor from 1949 to 1952 consecuf ive/y, he knows the history,
expansion and future trends of this organization.
THE STRANGE CASE OF THE
International Labor Organization
Lef's Write Our Own Laws, in Our Own Way
OUR Congress, during this session, will be asked to raise the
ceiling for the United States'
contribution to the International
Labor Organization from $1,750,000 a
year to $3,000,000 a year. This provision is contained in Senate Joint Res-
olution No. 97. If this is agreed to by
the Congress, it will be just another
example of $3,000,000 of the taxpayers' money going for a purpose that
few people know anything about and
most Americans have never even
The total budget of the ILO is arrived at by multiplying by four the
contribution of the United States. We
pay 25 per cent and the other 69
member countries pay the remaining
75 per cent. If we boost our contribution from $1,750,000 to $3,000,000, this
boosts the total ILO budget from
$7,000,000 to $12,000,000, and will enable it to expand its activities accordingly.
How many of you are familiar with
the ILO, and what it does? Most of
you know, I presume, that it is affiliated with the United Nations. But are
you aware that the International
Labor Organization has been in existence for some 36 years, considers itself an international parliament, and
is drafting basic laws on social and
economic matters which are having
profound influence upon legislation
all over the world?
Mr. McCrath delivered this speech before
the annual meeting of The National Machine
Tool Builders Association of New York.
As the years have gone by you have
seen one Socialist proposal after another introduced into the House and
the Senate of the United States.
Haven't you ever wondered where
these things come from? Well, I can
give you the answer. Many of them
have originated in the ILO, which has
for years been the breeding ground of
international socialistic legislation.
ORIGIN OF THE ILO
The ILO originated with the
League of Nations, with the idea that
an international organization devoted
to consideration of the problems of
labor the world over would be a useful adjunct to the League, and an instrument on behalf of world peace.
The League of Nations died, but
the ILO kept right on going; and the
United States joined it in 1934.
Then along came the United Nations, and the ILO hooked up with
the United Nations in 1945. The ILO
is, however, not under the direction of
the United Nations. The United
Nations gives the ILO an additional
$2,000,000 a year, of which we pay
33/3 per cent, for what it calls its technical assistance program, but the ILO
runs its own show and gets its own
budget appropriations directly from
The ILO, as originally conceived,
was supposed to concern itself purely
with questions dealing with labor —
but at a meeting in Philadelphia in
19 14 they adopted a declaration
which said, among other things, that
"Poverty everywhere constitutes*
danger to prosperity everywhere," tha
people have a "right" to econon"
security, and which stated, "It is tl*
responsibility of the Internatioi1'',
Labor Organization to examine n"
consider all international, econOl"\
and financial policies in the light "
this fundamental objective." ,
By this device the ILO arrogat^
unto itself the supposed right to cli*
basic laws, on social and econo"1'
questions, for adoption by mem''8
countries all over the world.
In 1954 Russia, which had 1<"
been absent from the f LO, came 1"''
into it in a big way, bringing sateU"
countries also into the picture. >\?i
Communists gained a strong footh".
in 1954 and strengthened their V°
tion in 1955.
That in the main brings you up'*"!
elate on the origin and developme
of the ILO.
UN NOT THE BOSS OF ILO
Now let's consider the function1
of the ILO. As I said before, althotfjj
it is a United Nations affiliate, it lSJ
bossed by the United Nations, f..
furthermore it is unique among i" j
national agencies because it is £
composed solely of representatives
At its Annual Conference held eiJ
June in Geneva, Switzerland, e.^
participating nation has four v" ,r
delegates; two representing fioVeers
ment, one representing empl°3
and one representing workers.
Facts Fobum News, March- ''