my basic study and knowledge of Japanese problems that
counted most. . ."
Our foreign service could take a leaf from Sorge's book.
While the State Department personnel is normally of a
high social and educational caliber, they are not necessarily expert linguists in the country they serve; often their
tour of duty is not long enough to become experts in racial,
economic and technical phases of the country. The Bus-
sians are farsighted, though in a destructive sense: They
groom agents years in advance of their assignments. Spain
reports the disappearance of children, after the Civil War
1936-1939. They reappear as Communist espionage agents,
with a native's command of language and appearance.
1 he following is a synopsis of Klausen's notes. As his ten-
year espionage career was richly varied, his notes shed
light on many phases of his work and supplement Sorge's
". . . When you get to Japan, study the language, ft will
be most necessary for your work." Such was the advice of
a Major General attached to the Far Eastern Section of
the IVth Bureau.
"... I had many harrowing experiences with the Japanese police, and numerous hair's-breadth escapes. Often I
was forced to improvise means of escape on the spur of
the moment. I had received no special instructions from
the Moscow authorities or advice from my comrades as to
what methods I should employ to outwit the police, but I
made a point of appearing to be a law-abiding citizen. . .
"... I not only established the (commercial) Klausen
Co., but 1 obtained a driver's license after submitting my
photograph and going to the Metropolitan Police Board
for fingerprinting, joined the German Club, and attended
parties at the German Embassy. 1 was cheerful in the company of my Japanese friends, and whenever the police
called, I received them warmly and was careful not to
hurt their feelings.
". . . While adapting myself to this type of life, I was
careful to elude suspecting eyes when visiting my comrades. . .
". . . ft is difficult to describe Sorge. He never once
revealed his real character. But I may say that he was a
true Communist and that nothing could make him give up
his belief. He would kill his best friend if necessary, lor
communism. . .
". . . He was a firm Communist but, on the other hand,
he was a man who could not bear up under serious conditions. 1 say this since it appears that he told everything
after his arrest. If at the time of his arrest he had remained
a firm Communist, he would have held his tongue and not
". . . His treatment of me was not so bad, but he always
treated me as a sort of errand boy since he had no one
else to help him. His treatment of Voukelitch was not
". . . Sorge treated Guenther Stein very well because
Stein possessed a large fund of knowledge on political and
economic matters and Sorge could use Stein to much
advantage. He learned a lot from Stein and so he treated
him well. His treatment of Ozaki was cordial because
Ozaki was a very intelligent man. Since Sorge was well-
informed about politics and economics, he was strict with
Ozaki and Miyagi and they couldn't very well bring in
false information. Sorge gave both of them adequate living
allowances. That is all I know about their relations with
him. . ."
1 he news value of the Sorge story is self-evident, even
more so its importance as a pattern of Soviet intelligent
operation. In December, 1948, the Secretary of the Army
had taken steps to clear portions of the story for release
The element which intrigued MacArthur's intelligence
research was the ultimate and dramatic recognition thW
the story did not begin or end with Tokyo, that it was 0°
accident that Sorge arrived in Shanghai first, and that hi'
later operations, localized in Japan, were only a facet "J
the general mosaic of Soviet and Comintern international
strategy. The role of Shanghai, a veritable witch's cauldro"
of international intrigue, a focal point in Communis'
effort, becomes apparent in the records of the Sorge tria1
and collateral testimony.
The American press was thoroughly interested. In th6
normal course of events, following the initial release. tW
papers were waiting for further details, particularly tW
release of documentary evidence, the confessions of tne
principal defendants, participants, and eyewitnesses.
C-2 Tokyo was prepared to furnish this material, but B*j
call never came. Instead, a few days later, a shocked i'f
incredulous Headquarters in Tokyo became aware of wo*
amounted to a virtual repudiation of the Sorge Spy Rep0'
by the very Washington authorities who had so oagci •
negotiated for its release throughout an entire year. ,
Tlie \niiy Department's retraction was certain to cCJ
off the eagerness of the press immediately. The ArmV
public information division said flatly "that it was wtO"'"
and in error in charging that Agnes Smedley, an Amerifl
writer, was a Bussian spy."
Agnes Smedley got space on the air. hired a well-kno^"
attorney, and proceeded to "defend her lair name." It ^
a foregone conclusion that something would be done ■"
the American Communist party. The implications of in*6*
national conspiracy, in the Far East, were too overvvhe'"(
tag. Silence would have been fatal for the
penetration of the Orient, fn any event, the prestige
American communism was at stake.
1 he psychological counterattack was cleverly manail''1
It was primarily directed at General MacArthur. f
magic of MacArthur's name would automatically ins1
front space in the press. The fact that the original ^ejt
was a Washington-directed affair was blandly overlook6:'
Nor was there any point in suing me (Willough'1*I
though the direct responsibility lor the preparation of ™
report, i.e., the substance of accusation, was obv iousb'
a G-2 department.
Agnes Smedley expressed her gratitude and appreCl(
tion to the Army for "clearing her name and reputation ,
the outrageous and false charge." She called upon GeOjJ
Mac Arthur "to waive his immunity and she would sue h1
for libel." I immediately issued a public broadcast-
which I accepted suit with the deliberate- intent, of cOl,tSi
of forcing the evidence into the open. From the hoU* ^
my broadcast, Smedley and her "mouthpiece" lapsed ®\
complete and cautious silence. Incidentally, John R0^"
Facts Forum News, March, '^