Keyword
in
Collection
Date
to
Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
File 030
Citation
MLA
APA
Chicago/Turabian
Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 030. 1956-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. December 15, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/939.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 030. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/939

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 030, 1956-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed December 15, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/939.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

URL
Embed Image
Compound Item Description
Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 030
Transcript CONDENSATION OF firm as a joint stock company capitalized at 100,000 yen of which he contributed 85,000 yen. He even established a branch at Mukden with a working capital of 20,000 yen. In fact, Klausen was doing so well, and making so much money that his earlier convictions of the perfection of communism were shaken. His business not only was a personal cover but also a perfect cover for the financial transactions of the ring. He bought and sold currency, and there was nothing conspicuously irregular in his receipt of drafts from New York or San Francisco or Shanghai for his commercial bank account. VFuenther Stein, a member of the ring, was a German Jew who managed to become a British citizen in 1941 in Hong Kong. In 1936 he came to Japan as correspondent for the British Financial News. His specialty was economic and financial affairs, and his small book Made in Japan often is used as an authoritative source on prewar Japanese commerce and industry. Stein's book, Challenge of Red China, published in America in 1945, has the outward appearance of the thoughtful reporting of a serious, objective analyst who is neither pro- nor anti-Communist, but who only wants to discover the underlying truth. This book has been very effective in perpetuating the myth of the Forties that Chinese Beds are not really Communists, or in any way connected with the Soviet Union. Like Miss Smedley, Guenther Stein was a Soviet agent, and one can be certain that neither of them was revealing the true nature of the Chinese Communists. Because he was no longer in Japan when the members of the Sorge ring were arrested, the Japanese police did not go very deeply into Stein's antecedents and complicity. That he was a top-level member of the ring is clear. Stein made at least one courier run to Hong Kong in 1937, and sometimes served as Sorge's deputy in dealing with Ozaki. Alter Stein left Japan [prior to 1939]. Sorge was ordered to have no further contact with him. Stein appeared in the States, as correspondent of the Manchester Guardian. When the War Department released part of the Sorge story, in 1919. Stein disappeared. He was picked up by the Surete in Paris, in 1950, and charged with espionage. His cover then was correspondent of the Hindustani Sens -a suggestive combination of an I.P.R. associate. Indian correspondent and Surge operator. Sorge had rings within a ring. Tlie outer ring consisted of the principals: Sorge, Ozaki, de Voukelitch, Miyagi, Stein, and Klausen. Within this outer ring were two lesser rings, one maintained by Ozaki and one by Miyagi. The members were not entirely unknown to each other, but where possible were kept separate, to reduce risks. The lesser individuals did help a great deal. What they learned was screened through either Miyagi or Ozaki, and subsequently assessed by Sorge in his conversations with the experts at the German Embassy. These minor [Japanese] informants, traitors to their country, presented a wide variety of backgrounds and motives, vet all were working for the Bed Army intelligence. [Kitabayash Tomo, a woman associated with Miyagi in collecting scraps and trivia of information, eventually proved to be the undoing of the whole cuter Paiic- 28 Max Klausen — In 1935 tie became secret radio operator for the Sorge Spy Ring in Tokyo. His "cover" operation was the establishment of a company which made and sold printing presses and blueprints. Among its customers were munition factories, and the Japanese Army and Navy. "His business not only was a personal cover but also a perfect cover for the financial transactions of the ring." W1D1 wul'j [i PHOTO prise, confirming Sorge's conviction that women were apt to be liabilities. Keep your eye on Kita.] At first Sorge coded and decoded all messages. In 19')' or 19.38, following a motor accident which put him in th* hospital, he taught the cipher to Klausen. The location of the Soviet receiving station, presumabl) King within a radius of 2,000 kilometers from Tokv" was never revealed though it was probably Vladivostok- Klausen used a portable sending set, and operated his sets at safe distances from each other, making frequent chan-1' in location. Although Japanese stations at home and in Manclii"'-1 had been intercepting long series of ciphers for years, the) had been unable to determine their origin or meaning' Greatly perplexed, thev continued to gather a mount'"" file of messages, so that when Sorge and his gang vvetf arrested. Japanese intelligence set themselves to break tl" code. It is not clear whether Klausen helped them in tl" beginning, but eventually he told them the whole stOf) and gave them every assistance. The code was a relatively simple transposition eip'"'1 but hard to break because of continous daily changes, system known to professionals as the "one time pad." Son- used a commonplace reference work "Statistical '''•" Hook of Germany" to develop his cipher; possession of tl"* book was not apt to arouse suspicion. Oorge sent a great volume ol material by courier, us'i"' ill the form of micro-filmed documents, chiefly of his «^' analysis but often actual German or Japanese tests. I- Soviet EmbasS) official, listed as "Serge." and an aekiH1^ edged member of the ring, helped to handle and transp"^ the film cartridges, after war conditions had made the tr'T ol regular couriers precarious.] This extraordinarily successful spv organization cost W Soviet Union practically nothing in hard money. Even thev tried to cut expenses and in 1910 directed that 1" ol the profits from M. Klausen & Co. should go into ring. Perhaps thev were only living to forestall the p"s>' hie apostasy ot Max klausen. Making money was apt transmute this Commie into a Capitalist! Fvi is Forum News, March, '■' W voc the
File Name uhlib_1352973_v005_n003_030.jpg