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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
File 023
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 023. 1956-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. November 12, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/932.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 023. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/932

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 023, 1956-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed November 12, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/932.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 023
Transcript P ^crmon student prepares to launch a huge °"oon filled with messages to residents of , v'et-controllcd Czechoslovakia from o secluded orm close to the Czech border in the RFE- Wnsored project, "Winds of Freedom." _n. °-e second requirement (individual ?0f*) was met by aiming the content ".broadcasts and leaflets at goals ^"ch, by the nature of New Course accessions, tended to be attainable fougb techniques of opposition al- ady successfully employed within ch country as described in regime y/ydaints or refugee reports. Tims sv rr? and FOCUS were designed to ynthesize and formulate evolutionary . Srams of peoples-in-opposition and ach coordinate individual efforts to "eVe limited objectives. °Perafion Veto pr^PeraHon VETO followed three p]a/r'ary objectives: First, it was c-0nfnct' as an intensive efforMo create e|e l!s'°n with regard to a series of Val!; • s<-'llt'<lll,''(I by (1|<' Czcchoslo of e8>me with tlie announced ain Statev,tai'zing and consolidating the Soij-ianc' party machinery. Second, it ''On f° l'stabhsh a positive opposi- *ttai ??rarn based on ten specific and ulshn; ' demands. Third, by shaping lim rZh''I)('<l popular opposition, VETO lorfg to achieve the first step in a <jsiyrange program to return politi- the ""'"live to the people and to lay Opr, °."ndations of an active political Vft"" movement- '''mm "rst aim, i.e., frustrating the at- Was . °f the regime at consolidation, UtirJ"Chieved in part bv the very cre- stea(j °'fvETO's counter-offensive. In- 0\vn °» being able to promote their eY" 'l'niS' the Communists were com- *Dd . U,' ;lt'cept the VETO challenge t0 Bght a defensive battle. Even .^^^ PORt:M \EWSj l/„r(./, Um the regime's timing of the scheduled election campaign was thrown out of gear; shop and committee and parliamentary elections, advertised for \ larch and May, were postponed until November. The second and third objectives of Operation VETO are closely connected. During the first stage, in May, 19.54, broadcasts and leaflets attempted to answer the question WHAT is the "action program" of the Czechoslovak People's Opposition. During this stage stickers, sent in by balloons with the number 10 and with references to forthcoming demands, coupled with special Radio Free Europe spot announcements, built up suspense and created the conditions for subsequent sending of the actual text of the "Ten Demands — the Freedom Ballot." Briefly, these demands were: 1. Trade Unions for Trade Unionists; 2. Better Pay - Less Talk; 3. Workers Must Not Be Chained; 4. No Meddling with Workers' Free Time; 5. No More Farmers' Bondage; 6. Smaller Quotas — Larger Crops; 7. Local Autonomy Instead of Bureaucracy; 8. Goods for the People, Not for the Soviets; 9. Back to Serving the Customer; 10. Housing for Familes, Not for the State. Shortly thereafter the scripts and leaflets explained WHY Operation VETO was being launched at this time. . . . The last stage aimed at showing HOW the People's Opposition could achieve its objectives; i.e.. fulfillment of the Ten Demands, and capturing of initiative from the regime. The method used was to quote from the Communist press and radio examples of the successful pressures which the people had applied to the regime and to show examples of the concessions which the regime had had to grant. This stage was still in progress in December, 1954. [Ed. note: A complete report of the 1955 activities of RFE and Operations VETO and FOCUS were not yet available as this went to press.] In addition to paying constant attention to the fate of all ten demands, Operation VETO concentrated on two major campaigns: (1) The Farmers' Campaign, which reported how farmers were in fact keeping crops out of the hands of the State; (2) The Trade Union Campaign, which reminded the workers of existing legal ways of using shop committees in the interest of the workers rather than the State. . . . Refugee reports indicated a favorable reaction By the people of Czechoslovakia to Operation VETO. That VETO attached itself to the hearts of the people is apparent from the refugees who passed on suggestions for additional "Demands" — for the armed forces, for pensioners, for youth. There is evidence that, internally, leaflets were circulated to trusted friends, and mailed to high party functionaries, and turned into the police and government offices, thus making certain that those functionaries would be sure to read them. Leaflets also appeared mysteriously tacked to factory walls, apartment houses, and gymnasiums. . . . Operation Focus Operation FOCUS . . . followed the general lines laid down by VETO five months earlier. There were, however, a number of significant differences — though chiefly of emphasis and degree WORLD PHOTO This is a physical manifestation of the Iron Curtain on the Hungarian side of the Austria-Hungary border near Guessing. Barbed-wire fences, camouflaged observation towers manned by Hungarian border police with binoculars, searchlights, submochine guns, mine-warning signboards, and grass-covered railroad tracks—these characterize the difficulty of escape. I I Page 21 ./
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