Soviet Campaign to Destroy
Poland's Catholic Church
Soviet plans to infiltrate and subvert
the Catholic Church in Poland were
exposed in a new series of six programs broadcast to Poland over Radio
Free Europe by Josef Swiatlo in September, 1955. In this more recent
series Swiatlo revealed the following
1. The present chief of Soviet Russia's secret police. General Ivan-
ov Serov, organized and still
directs the Polish regime's campaign to destroy the independence and opposition of the Catholic Church.
2. Communist agents follow every
move of imprisoned Cardinal
W\-szynski, whose "residence" is
wired and filled with hidden
microphones. The cardinal must
obtain special permission to visit
3. The so-called "patriot priests" in
Poland serve under duress, as
tools of the secret police. Most of
them were physically and mentally broken down by Nazi or
Soviet concentration camps.
4. Swiatlo himself participated in
the Soviet campaign against the
In the religious sphere, the
Holy Synod of the Bulgarian
Orthodox ( huii-li dissolved the
Union of Clerical Brotherhood
(in September, 1955), whose
memhership consisted mainly of
parish priests. The chief ollieial
reason given for this move was
that the Union leaders had
"adopted a policy of counteraction and contradiction" in
their relations with the Holy
Synod. The Union leadership,
whirh was known to he infiltrated by Communists and
Communist sympathizers, was
accused of working against the
unity of the Churrh and failing
to recognize the superior author.
il> of the Holy Synod. The dissolution followed shortly a visit
of Patriarch Kiril to Chervenkov,
which indicated that the regime
had approved dishanding the
organization as a source of friction to the Church leadership.
The regime still retains control
of the Church, however, through
a special committee attarhed to
the Council of Ministers.
(Reprinted from "The Month in
Review," Sews from Behind the Iron
Curtain. October, 1955.)
A digest of the six Swiatlo programs
on the Catholic Church of Poland
General Ivanov Serov, present chief
of Soviet Russia's secret police, is
author of the Communist campaign to
infiltrate, subvert and seize control of
the Catholic Church in Poland. Serov,
who was recently named a general ol
the army, is chairman of the USSR
State Security Committee, attached to
the Council of Ministers. The campaign against Poland's Catholic
Church is simply the enforcement of
the Serov plans. Serov is still in charge
of the anti-Church program.
Swiatlo and Serov met in 1945,
when Serov was Soviet Russia's
NKVD boss in Poland. It was Serov's
job to prepare Poland for the imposition of Soviet-controlled Communist
rule. Swiatlo was transferred from the
Polish army to Serov's command. They
got to know each other well, and
Serov relied heavily on Swiatlo for information on Polish political affairs
and personnel. It was at that time
that Serov blue-printed a program for
seizing control of the Catholic
Four top Polish Communists were
assigned the job of turning the Church
into a Communist bureau: Franciszek
Mazur, Secretary of the Communist
party's Central Committee; Wolski-
Piwowarczyk, Minister of Public Administration; Boleslaw Piasecki, the
regime's "Catholic" leader, and Domi-
nik Horodynski, Piasecki's assistant.
Without exception, these four men are
agents of the MVD.
Mazur is the man who traveled to
Moscow to confirm the indictment
against Bishop Kaczmarek. He also
worked out the details of Cardinal
Wyszynski's arrest while in Moscow.
Piwowarczyk is the link between
Mazur and the so-called Office of Denominational Affairs, attached to the
Presidium of the Council of Ministers.
Piasecki was a Nazi collaborator
and agent — an offense for which he
could have received a death sentence
when Russia "liberated" Poland. Instead, Serov offered to let him go free
if he agreed to become an NKVD
agent and join the regime campaign
to make the Catholic Church in
Poland an obedient instrument of
Soviet policy. Piasecki accepted this
offer after many long personal talks
Horodynski, who ostensibly works
for Piasecki, is Roleslaw Bierut's personal agent for Catholic affairs. Bierut
win! WOBL '"
Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, Polish Primate of '^
Roman Catholic Church, is still confined 'n
closely guarded and wired monastery, despite [
peoted announcements by the Polish author!'1
that he will be released "very soon."
is official head of Poland's Commurf
regime as well as the Commurt
party boss in Poland. . ,
So far, Serov's master plan to ni8*
the Catholic Church a tool of *
Polish regime has met with no sU...
cess. No more than 60 of PolaJ*>J
10,000 priests have succumbed
pressure to collaborate with '"
regime. In many cases, they are rt"
who have been physically and morn ■
broken down by Soviet or Nazi c°
The Communists utilized pl;intj
microphones adeptly in its war aga"''
the Church. Piasecki himself used
technical masterpiece to record an 'J
portant conversation with BisD
Choromanski. It was a wallet-like j
vice, concealed in the inside pocket (
Piasecki's jacket, and connected to
thin wire which ran up his sleeve- I
pressing a secret button, he C°l
record his complete conversation vVL
the bishop — to be used, if needed, „
future trials. The archives
secret police are filled with slll'''i'11
cordings of conversations with '"
Catholic dignitaries. m
Microphones are planted 'n .
residences of many Catholic bish
throughout Poland. The secret reC°J
ing systems are particularly elab0'
in Olsztyn, Tarnow, and WroclaV- c
One of the biggest operations^
this kind was the installation of s^
listening apparatus in the resident .
Primate Wyszynski in Warsaw. "mi
for the wirings were made in SW^Jr1
Department Ten of the Polish **■
police. An electronics teehn1 ,
named Jadruszkiewicz was detail* ■
supervise this work, which was "d
lessly executed when the Comfrt11 ,
regime decided magnanimously
Facts Forum News, March,