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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
File 018
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 018. 1956-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 16, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/927.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 018. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/927

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 018, 1956-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 16, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/927.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 018
Transcript A critical view of Radio Free Europe by Jiri Brada appears on page 43. Melting the Iron Curtain MUCH of the information used in Radio Free Europe is obtained by correspondents who interview newly-arrived refugees from the Iron Curtain countries, from Stockholm and Hamburg down to Istanbul. Something of interest is learned from all of these — about conditions in their towns and villages, popular sentiment towards the Communist rulers, radio listening, attitudes on democracy and the American people. A special kind of refugee is the "defector," the Communist party or regime official, who has turned from the fraudulent nature of the Communist creed, escaped to the West, and offered his services to official or private organizations which might in turn help to enlighten his people. Many outstanding defectors, such as Khokhlov and Petrov, have made broadcasts over Radio Free Europe. Important information was gained also from a group of sailors who left Polish Communist ships at Formosa where, following arrangements made by RFE, they were interviewed by emissaries from the Polish Immigration Committee of New York. Perhaps the most far-reaching and enlightening information was that received from a recent defector, Lt.-Col. Josef Swiatlo, of the Polish Ministry of Security Police. His testimony was remarkable both in broad content and in detail. His revelations concerning personalities high in the Polish government, their official and personal conduct, were so voluminous, so exact, and so varied that they furnished material for an all-out campaign to Poland, in which almost half of 140 broadcasts were made up of direct testimony broadcast by Swiatlo himself. Page 16 Last month Facts Forum News began a presentation of the aims of Radio Free Europe, how it works, and the scope of its effectiveness, taken from RFE records and publications. Further results of its program are given in this concluding installment. 1 he defection of Josef Swiatlo, former Deputy Director of "Department Ten" of Poland's Security Ministry, was publicly announced on September 28, 1954. On the same day, Radio Free Europe's "Voice of Free Poland" initiated a series of programs in which Swiatlo personally exposed the activities, intrigues, and corruption of Polish regime officials. Since "Department Ten" of the Security Ministry is responsible for the surveillance of Communist party members in Poland, Swiatlo had intimate knowledge of the lives of all important regime and secret police officials. Radio Free Europe was able to put Swiatlo on the air with his exposes on the day his defection was announced by the use of programs that were tape-recorded before the news of his defection broke. It took the Polish regime almost a month from the time of RFE's first Swiatlo program to face the issue publicly. On October 25, the regime announced that Swiatlo was an "American agent and provocateur . . . broadcasting nonsensical and vile lies, calumnies and falsehoods over the radio." The first drastic regime reaction to mo* A Josef Swiatlo, top ranking Polish security °*' . who defected to the West, furnished much v0.; able information concerning officals behind Iron Curtain to Radio Free Europe. the Swiatlo programs within Pol** was the removal of General Stanis'* Radkiewicz (announced by the * gime on December 7, 1954) as MJ ister of Security. Radkiewicz wa of the principal figures in the Swi' ; revelations. The conservative Brjj publication, Time <Lr Tide, in an art1'.]. entitled "The End of the Po"| 'Heria'" published on January I 1955, stated: What made his (Radkiewicz ) fall fgi la »* ii.u inane ins \ lUUMivi^ j I."' —. .( unite even more interesting was the t;11 that it came about, not as a results interna] conflicts, hut through outs'*] interference. Tlie immediate cause 1 his downfall was, in fact, a series broadcasts beamed into Poland Radio free Europe in Munich. *J Secrets which had been known to tb*3 or four persons were broadcast I" '!'.,; lions. . . . It was perhaps the Kr'', /„; Single victory ever to he reennUa... broadcasting to Iron Curtain count'* Even before the Radkiewicz l''\ i high placed Polish Conn''",' West stated co""|. Swiatlo broa#3 official in the tially that RFE proved "the biggest and most st"? ^ lul propaganda of its type pi"1'1.' by America" since the USSR $M control of Poland. This same <*5 said that "the whole of Warsa^ j terribly disturbed" by the broad y which "were creating a precip'^j tween the regime and the * nation." In January, 1955, the regimc need the arrest of three' ' t secret police officials: General '|(jt| kowski. Deputy Minister of Sec Facts Forum News, March, >°l
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