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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
File 014
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 014. 1956-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 24, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/923.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 014. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/923

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 014, 1956-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 24, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/923.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 014
Transcript CONSTITUTION, 1945 Club Executive Committee Club Membership Meeting Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned State or District Board State or District Committee State or District Convention National Board (Secretariat not mentioned) National Committee National Convention Not mentioned Not mentioned has grown up and become ingrained in the organization as a matter of usage rather than statute. For example, the Communist Party constitution, in order to give the party a semblance of democracy, declares that "The highest body of the state organization is the State Convention." And further, "The highest authority of the Party is the National Convention." Since state and national conventions are held every two years or less often, it is manifest that the party is not and cannot be run from day to day by conventions. The conventions are merely rubber stamps for decisions of a small core of policymakers including a Moscow representative operating behind the scenes. We shall present below the various stages in the structure of the party as found in J. Peters' The Communist Party — a Manual on Organization, published in July, 1935, as compared with the present streamlined version from the constitution of the Communist Party of the United States of America, published in September, 1945, both of which are consciously misleading: PETERS' MANUAL, 1935 Unit Bureau Unit Membership Meeting Section Bureau Section Committee Section Convention District Bureau District Committee District Convention Political Bureau of Central Committee (Secretariat not mentioned) Central Committee National Convention Political Secretariat of the Communist International Presidium of the Communist International Executive Committee of the Not mentioned Communist International World Congress of the Not mentioned Communist International One must not be misled by the formal outward structure of the party, behind which a publicly unacknowledged but nonetheless actual network operates. For example, a section committee can send its representative to any subordinate club with power to determine decisions of the club or its executive committee. Similarly the secretariat of the national committee can send its representative with overriding powers to any unit of the party. In the same manner the Moscow headquarters of the Communist movement sends representatives like Gerhard Eisler who have undisputed say over the decisions of the national committee and the staff of the national office in its day-to-day activity. These practices are not even mentioned in the party's constitution. Conspiracy at Work On October 13, 1952, the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee heard the testimony of John Lautner, former member of the National Review Commission of the Communist Party, USA, and head of its New York State Review Commission. This particular feature of the Communist Party finds no parallel in political parties. According to Mr. Lautner, this body's principal function was— to safeguard party discipline, to vigilantly seek out and ferret out any anti-party elements in the ranks of the party, to carry out investigations and to propose for expulsion or any form of discipline party members who don't toe the line. After the indictments of certain party leaders, the "three Page 12 system" of conspiratorial organization was adopted, which is described by Lautner, who was assigned to earn out phases of this reorganization, as follows: The party leadership appointed the top coordinating committee. The top coordinating committee consisted of three people. 000 One was head of the three. He was the political person in the group. * * * The other was the organizational person and the third one was the union mass-organization person. Now, these three people were assigned, each one of them, to appoint three other persons below him on the next level. ° * ° So he appoints his one, two, three P's. * ° ° O does the same thing. ° ° * [Note. — O stands for organizer, P for political organizer and T for trade union organizer.] P does not know O or T on the lower levels. He knows only the three persons that he appointed. O does not know the P's and T's on the lower levels. He only knows his O's. So, here you have a situation where one party leader knows his two associates in his triangle, and the three that he appointed below. All in all, a party member wouldn't know more than six party members in the party, up and down. • • • To my own personal knowledge there was the top coordinating committee; that 3, the next level was 9, and the third level, 27; the fourth level, 81, and the fifth level, 243. * * • Speaking before the subcommittee of the House Corn' mittee on Appropriations on December 9, 1953, J. Edg*1 Hoover, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation- described the current organization of the Communis* Party in the following terms: No longer are Communist Party membership cards issued: maintenance of membership records are forbidden; contacts of rank and file members are limited from 3 to 5 — the basic club unit. Most of the local headquarters have been discontinued and party records have been destroyed. No evening meetings are permitted in headquarters without staff members present. Conventions and large meetings are held to the absolute minimum. The use of the telephone and telegraph is avoided. No contact is had with families or friends; contacts between functionaries are arranged through frequently changed intermediaries; false drivers licenses have been obtained: assumed names have been adopted; modification of physical appearance has been effected, such as dyeing hair and eyebrows ° * °. They have removed conspicuous means of personal Identi" fication such as moles; they have effected a new manner of walking, have changed their dress standards, have avoided old habits and even have avoided old vices, and have avoided John Lautner, formei of the CPUSA shows chain of command in the proposed New York * ^ party underground. With him is Asst. U. S. District Attorney ^° gpi' N. Neukom. Center triangle indicates three-man nucleus of the oT9flti zation, with other triangles representing units at various levels rao|0 outward to trade union groups Facts Forum News. March
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