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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 010. 1956-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 16, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/919.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 010. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/919

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 010, 1956-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 16, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/919.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 010
Transcript on the basis of democratic centralism, the fundamental principles of which are: (a) Election of all leading committees of the Party * * •; (b) periodical reports by leading Party committees to their constituents; (c) decisions of superior Party committees to be obligatory for subordinate committees, strict Party discipline and prompt execution of the decisions of the Communist International, of its leading committees and of the leading Party centres. Party questions may be discussed by the members of the Party and by Party organizations until such time as a decision is taken upon them by the competent Party committees. After a decision has been taken by the Congress of the Communist International, by the Congress of the respective Sections, or by leading committees of the Comintern, and of its various Sections, these decisions must be unreservedly carried out even if a Section of the Party membership or of the local Party organizations are in disagreement with it. (p. 56). In his work entitled One Step Forward, Two Steps Back, published in 1904, Lenin ridiculed political parties which "proceed from the bottom upwards" and stressed the superiority of a party which "strives to proceed from the top downwards, insisting on the extension of the rights and authority of the centre over the parts." In a debate with Lenin as early as 1904 Leon Trotsky outlined with remarkable foresight the type of organization which Lenin envisaged. In Lenin's scheme the party takes the place of the working class. The party organization displaces the party. The Central Committee displaces the party organization, and finally the Dictator displaces the Central Committee. Exclusive Membership Membership in our traditional political parties is easily obtainable and comparatively unrestricted. This is not true of the Communist Party, which is highly exclusive and restricted to those who pass its rigid membership requirements. In What Is To Be Done? Lenin outlined his conception of the exclusiveness of the Communist Party, which has been a standard guide for Communists throughout the world. He declared that — the more narrow we make the membership of this organization, allowing only such persons to be members who are engaged in revolution as a profession and who have been professionally trained in the art of combatting the political police, the more difficult it will be to "catch" the organization. • • • Professional Revolutionists A member of an American political party, as a rule, has many other interests, including his club, his church, his work, his friends, and his family. Communists, on the other hand, are expected to be professional revolutionists who, as Lenin announced in his paper, the Iskra (Spark) in December, 1900, No. 1. "shall devote to the revolution not only their spare evenings, but the whole of their lives." Few Americans realize what this means since no bona fide political party would dare to make such demands upon its members. Speaking for the Communist Party, USA, in his Manual on Organization, J. Peters explains: A professional revolutionist is ready to go whenever and wherever the Party sends him. Today he may be working in a mine, organizing the Party, the trade unions, leading struggles; tomorrow, if the Party so decides, he may he in a steel mill; the day after tomorrow, he may be a leader and organizer of the unemployed ° ° •. From these comrades the Party demands everything. They accept Parts- assignments — the matter of family associations and other personal problems are considered, but are not decisive. If the class struggle demands it, he will leave his family for months, even years ° " *. Our task is to make every Parts- member a professional revolutionist in this sense. Page 8 J. V. Peters, described by Whittoker Chambers as head of the Communist underground in the USA. WIDE WORLD PHOTO Importance of Theory None of our American political parties is so fanaticalh bound by dogma as is the Communist Party, which 1S devoted to the theories of Marxism-Leninism-Stalinis"' Briefly this dogma is based upon the following fals* conceptions: 1. That all phases of American life, industry, eduC* tion, religion, politics, the press, radio and films, eve" family life, are dominated primarily by an irreconcilab" class struggle between the capitalists and the worker^ 2. That our system of free capitalist enterprise (whicl1 has produced for the American people the highest liviw standards in the world), has actually outlived its "Si" fulness and must be destroyed. 3. That the system of communism (with its sk'u labor camps, low living standards, and one-party diet8' torship over every phase of human life) is superior > and must take the place of our system of free enterpr's thus abolishing the class struggle for all time. 4. That American democracy is not a government °' by, and for the American people but a capitalist die''1 torship, which must be destroyed. 5. That this change to communism and a classic*' society can be brought about only by the violent <>v''r throw of the capitalist system and our form of govef" ment. . 6. That the Communist Party is destined to carry °u this historic mission. , 7. That Communists owe their highest and unresei'N'1 loyalty to the Soviet Union, where the Communist fli tern has been finally established. For tactical reasons these conceptions may be sliePJ modified by the ruling hierarchy or disguised to aV**1 legal prosecution, but the basic principles remain the s8ji and are returned to when a temporary emergency ''', passed. Thus, the Communist Party, USA, advocated l' operation with the capitalists and with American detfj racy when Russia faced destruction from Adolph rfl»I only to return to its former hostility to capitalism when ' war was over and Hitler was destroyed. M This chain of dogma is the frame of reference by «™J the Communist interprets the world around hint and n1^ out his behavior. It provides him with a clear perspec0^ of his present and future battles. It indicates tl" '-','!- toward which he is striving and which justifies every ",(,i Facts Forum News, March, -< Desire 1 a °,r P° ft"'-''6' «" not. ■rate
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