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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 009. 1956-03. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. September 20, 2019. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/918.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-03). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 009. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/918

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956 - File 009, 1956-03, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed September 20, 2019, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/979/show/918.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 3, March 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date March 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States: This item is in the public domain in the United States and may be used freely in the United States. The item may not be in the public domain under the copyright laws of other countries.
Item Description
Title File 009
Transcript From the inception of the organization to the date of the filing of this petition, the principal leaders of the Communist Party have been and are subject to and recognize the disciplinary power of the Soviet government, the Communist Party of thi' Soviet Union, the Communist International and flu Communis! information Bureau • • • (Report, p. 99). This disciplinary power has been sufficiently strong to bring about the expulsion of two executive secretaries ol the CPUSA, namely Jay Lovestone and Earl Browder, members of the party's executive committee such as Lud- wig Lore, James P. Cannon, William F. Dunne, Bertram L>- Wolfe, Benjamin Gitlow, and Joseph Zack Kornfeder, as well as entire sections of the organization. Political Party or Conspiracy Since the Communist Party, USA, is in fact simply the American branch of the Russian Communist Party, it follows faithfully the conspiratorial pattern laid down by its Parent body. The Russian Communist Party, the focal point and radiating center of the international Communist movement, °Wes its inception to V. I. Lenin, its guiding genius on matters of organization. The principles upon which the oniniunist movement was founded were therefore based Primarily upon his experience with the czarist regime n<ler which the labor and socialist movements were ille- >'" and the rights to freedom of speech, press and asscniliK ere nonexistent. Widespread discontent of the laboring ~*«es and the peasantry could find no legal outlet or <'niedy. with flu- result that attempted assassinations of ^(,V(''inncnt officials and even of the Czar, were not un- mnion. Lenin's own brother was executed as a result of I (' such an attempted assassination. In this atmosphere ls understandable thai Lenin envisaged an organization apted to (I,,, specific purpose of violent overthrow of his (,M-n was government. Necessarily, therefore, this movement fie ^°nspiratorial. In his authoritative work What Is To Party "One, published in February, 1902, in reference to v organization, Lenin laid down the principle that — (i. sptracy is so essential a condition of an organization of - kind that all other conditions ° ° ° must be made to con- •°nn with it. njfj " av me Communist movement is no longer an insig- ^ nl Russian sect lighting against czarisni. but an inter- cjj> '.' movement seeking world conquest and more spelts, r'l — ' destruction of the American government as ail ,„.','''' .0Dstacle. Hence the Coninnuiist Party, USA, as d,.Su!"'".'"' Pari of that movement dedicated to the same Len- . Ve pm-pose. has necessarily assumed tin- same the n"'^ l"nsl'iiatorial guise. The other characteristics of j> ovemenl How logically from this basic conception, c-rit; >Wa5 "' contrast. American political parties, despite ^.sms tin - - nc> may make of public policy, are fundameii law's "■ to '"" rm "*' government and conform to its gove the 'l\\'S -it ov" - ■ tie) rel) upon the duly constituted agencies of our liir ||. ""'"' and the operation of our democratic processes Am, correction of grievances. \lll.l IAI1Y Asi'll I Poac.(1".Ca" political parties earn- on their activities by '11 w|,"| means within the confines of our legal structure Upon ""'> have lull Faith. The Communist Party looks "nd,,. '■" g?vernment as its enemy which it seeks to over- '|ii,iS| '-. forceful means. Hence, it is organized along ''ati,,,' | '''"'> lines. The program of the Communist Inter- ""'fii'.;"1"1'^''1 at its sixth congress In 1928, endorsed bv ■ ,s\.i,„l nevert "Ils Plain In calli, '"udeii ,° v.'""' "ever since repudiated or superseded, has ling for - "l;i m News, March, 1956 a combination of strikes and armed demonstrations and finally, the general strike co-jointly with armed insurrection against the state power of the bourgoisie (i.e., capitalists). The latter form of struggle, which is the supreme form, must be conducted according to rules of military science ° ° °. Writing on "Lenin's Conception of the Party," in the January, 1934, issue of The Communist, official theoretical organ of the Communist Party, USA, F. Brown, alias Alpi, a well-known representative of the Communist International, emphasizes this point. He holds up a modern army as "a good example of organization" which "knows how to impart a single will to millions of people." Discipline Our traditional poltical parties arc loose organizations operating under a very fluid and flexible discipline. Members and leaders will differ sharply with each other and still remain within the same organization. Lenin conceived the Communist Party, however, as an organization which — will In able to fulfill its duty only if it will be organized in the most centralized manner, if it will be governed by an iron discipline, bordering on military discipline ° ° ° (Conditions for Affiliation to the Comintern). "Why do the Communists attach so much importance to discipline?" asks J. Peters in his authoritative pamphlet, The Communis! Party —a Manual on Organization, and he answers this question as follows: Because without discipline there is no units- of will, no unity ol action. ° ° ° The class war is bitter. The enemy is powerful. 0 ° ° In order In combat and defeat this powerful enemy, the army of the proletariat must have a highly skilled, trained General Staff [the Communist Party], which is united in action and has one will. Again Peters pointedly asks, "How can the Army fight against the army of the enemy if even soldier in the Army is allowed to question and even disobey orders of his superior officers?" The Communist Party, USA, has therefore not hesitated to expel even its highest officials for actual or suspected deviation from the official line of Moscow. In Russia and other Communist countries such deviationists have been shot. Communist leaders have frequently referred to the party with pride as monolithic. Authority at the Top Political parties as we know them are highly responsive to the sentiment of their constituents and of the American people as a whole. They encourage independence and initiative. They are essentially democratic in their approach to the rank and file of party membership. Initiative and pressure come from below. In conformance with its military character and objectives, the Communist Party is organized from the top down. It is essentially undemocratic. The How of its directives and strategy proceeds from its highlj centralized leadership in the Russian (.'oniniunist Part) by way of the Cominform to the similarly centralized leadership within the national board of the Communist Party, USA, and then on down to the lower levels of the organization. As ]. Peters has pointed out to his fellow members of the Communist Part). ISA. in his Manual on Organization. "All lower Party organizations are subordinated to the higher bodies." The Programme of the Communist International is quoted from Petitioners Exhibit 125 1>\ the Subversive Activities Control board to show that the Communist Parties are organized on the basis of democratic centralism: The Communis) international and its Sections arc built up Page 7 i
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