Harry Pollitt (left),
former General Secretary
of Communist Party, USA,
speaks at Seymour Hall,
London, during 20th
national congress of the
William Z. Foster
(rightI, present National
Chairman of the CPUSA
Article I, section 1, of the Constitution of the Communist
Party of America, adopted in 1921, reads as follows:
The name of this organization shall be the Communist
Party of America, Section of the Communist International.
In his History of the Communist Party of the United
States, William Z. Foster lists its conventions under the
following designations: Communist Labor Party (1919);
Communist Party of America (1919, 1920, 1921, 1922);
United Communist Party of America (1921); American
Labor Alliance (1921); Workers Party of America (1921,
1922, 1923, 1924); Workers (Communist) Party of America (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929); Communist Party, USA
(1930, 1932, 1934, 1936, 1938, 1940, 1945, 1948, 1950);
Communist Political Association (1944), thus establishing
the continuity of the organization under the titles given.
At its convention in November, 1940, the Communist
Party. USA, decided;
That the Communist Party of the USA, in Convention
assembled, does hereby cancel and dissolve its organizational
affiliation to the Communist International ° ° ° for the specific purpose of removing itself from the terms of the so-called
Voornis Act. ° ° °
The Subversive Activities Control Board found,1 however,
the disaffiliation did not alter in any substantive way the relationship between the Respondent (CPUSA) and the Communist International. " ° °
In 1943 when the Soviet Union was our ally in World
War II, the Communist International was dissolved on
the initiative of the Presidium of its Executive Committee.
The Communist Party, USA, publicly approved this decision. In September, 1947, a conference of nine leading
European Communist parties established the Information
Bureau of Communist and Workers' Parties (Cominform).
The American party hailed the establishment of the Information Bureau as a much-needed center of cooperation,
but did not affiliate in view of the Voorhis Act, and other
legislation (statement of national board, CPUSA, in Political Affairs, December, 1947). The Subversive Activities
Control Board found- that -
Mi-port. p. 14.
-Report, p. 19.
the Communist Information Bureau represents what the
Communists consider the lust possible substitute at the
present time for the Communist International and that Respondent's support of the Information Bureau ° ° ° and its
non-deviation from the line of the Bureau, are done for the
purpose and with the aim of advancing the objectives of the
world Communist movement.
The main reports at the founding meeting of the Com1''
form were presented by A. Zhdanov, then a member of '"'
Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Uniojj
secretary of its Central Committee and a colonel-genW
in the Red Army, and by Georgi M. Malenkov, then gen0'',
secretary of the CPSU and Deputy Chairman of ™
Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union.
3. The current constitution of the Communist P;ir I
USA, adopted in 1945, amended in 1948 and reaffirmed "
1950, states in its preamble:
The Communist Party of the United States is a politic*'
party of the American working class, basing itself upon the
principles of scientific socialism, Marxism-Leninism.
In his address to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR .,
August 8, 1953, Mr. Malenkov indicated how clojl
Marxism-Leninism is officially identified with the Con"'',,
nist Party of the Soviet Union and the Soviet govern1'^
itself, when he declared:
The Communist Party and the Soviet government kno-^j
where and how to lead the people, because they are guide'
by the scientific theory of social development — Marxis'11"
Leninism " " ° The Soviet state and the Communist Pay)
equip the people on the basis of tin- teaching of \larx-Kng<''5"
Lenin-Stalin with a profound knowledge of the objective h'^J
of the development of society, the laws of the construction °
communism, and thereby give them a clear prospect of tne
constructive activity of the Soviet people.
4. The Communist International with headquarter* I
Moscow sent representatives to the American Conn'11",
Party who wielded unquestioned authority. The Subv
sive Activities Control Board found that —
A preponderance of the evidence clearly shows that rep""
(tentative! of the CPSU were in the United States and l'"'j
through them respondent [CPUSA] received directives »"
instructions. (Report, p. 61).
These representatives included: G. Valetski (Vak'tSp>
1922; Joseph Pogany, alias John Schwartz, alias John '
Facts Forum News, March, -