of the other twelve million were
robbed of their property. Most of
mem were beaten and tortured.
Naturally, the Czechs and the Poles
rear the vengeance of their former
^■crnian co-citizens. Understandably,
<he Communists do all they can to
Keep this fear alive among the Poles
and the Czechs who are under their
It would be the duty of Radio Free
".u.rope to counteract this Communist
Policy bv telling the Poles and Czechs
nf j nun,erous manifestations
good will and the sincere desire for
ful RaA T" Q"Qy shows " P°rti°n o' the power-
Port,, i° ee El"0Pe tronsmitter plant at Lisbon,
Iron r ' Where RFE broadcasts are beamed into
"on Curtain countries
[^"neihatioiion the part of displaced
^i-iiians living in Western Germany.
gacao Free Europe does nothing ^f
offi *<trt lt c'oes not even report the
(Ve'v, aj5reements which expelled
; -ech statesmen have signed with the
, 'j1 summary, RFE's stand on the
asfo§Unp0rtant expellee problem is
a- It does not even mention the
Peaceful attitude and program
ol the German expellees.
''• It ridicules exiled Czechs and
1 oles who do not hate the Germans.
c- R fails ever to refer to the re-
"iiukable past achievements of
the Germans in Czechoslovakia
and to examples of German-
'It never mentions how the expulsion of the anti-Communist
Germans enabled the commu-
ACTS F°nuM News, February, 1956
nization of Czechoslovakia
e. It continually harps on the
persecutions the Czechs and
Poles have suffered under German domination.
f. It damns the Germans with
faint praise, and slyly, in veiled
fashion, even incites the Slavs
against the Germans.
g. By upholding the expulsion of
fifteen million Germans and
defending the Oder - Neisse
border, it follows a line of nationality policy which is identical with that of the Communists.
ADVICE TO FOLLOW ,
There are many other — apparently
often harmless — occasions on which
RFE's line coincides with what the
Communists desire. Why men should
be paid by Americans to broadcast
from expensive stations what our
Communist enemies want in the first
place is not easy to grasp.
Particularly baffling examples of
American - Soviet coincidences have
come from the desk of Milos Vanek,
chief of the Economic Department of
the Czechoslovak Desk, RFE, Munich.
Formerly one of the most prominent
leaders of the Czech Communist party, Vanek still feels urged to counsel
Czechs in harmony with his former
Early in 1952, Vanek busied himself forecasting an immediate inflation, and advising the people to invest
their cash in goods, including the
expensive products of the Communist
gray market. Innumerable programs
have carried this message to the
The broadcast of January 23, 1952,
at 6:45 p.m., admonished the Czechs:
"The Communists in Czechoslovakia
are about to unloose inflation. Invest
all your savings in goods, buy whatever you can, even the expensive articles on the government market."
There was no inflation; but the refugees from the satellite country reported that the Communist government at that time spread exactly the
same rumor of inflation and also advised to spend all savings because it
wanted to draw in all "surplus" money
without any monetary reform.
A year and a half later, when, of
a sudden, the new value of the Czech
currency was announced, neither the
Communists in Czechoslovakia nor
Vanek in RFE had given any warning.
When the Communist government
asked for shock brigades of volunteers
to plant new forests, Vanek enthusiastically chimed in. "Help to plant
new trees," Vanek exhorted the Czechs
on the "Economic Program" of May 1,
1953. "The Communist regime," he
announced, "will perish, and the trees
will be for your children."
Other programs have offered similar
advice. "Program for Women," October 24, 1953, at 1:45 p.m., counseled
to sell quality goods to Communist
state stores "because the Communist
stores are selling the goods to non-
Communists, and it is not good to
"Program for Workers," March 23,
1955, 2:10 p.m., suggested that workers ask foremen for extra work because it would mean extra money for
them while it would not really help
the Communist cause.
Along the same line, the old collaborator. Otto Graf, interviewed a fellow by name of Fonda Hornik, who
said: "I thus earned 2,000 crowns extra—it pays not to be lazy." Radio
Free Europe, thus, does not urge the
satellite slave workers to relax if not
slow down, it spurs them on to work
harder — for their Communist masters.
Those in the know were not surprised
when "worker"' Tonda Hornik, in June.
1955, was exposed as a Communist
One of RFE's editors, Robert Lou-
kota by name, had gone to the extreme
of appealing to the Czech workers not
to absent themselves from work; but
the protests from refugees who had
listened to this monstrosity were so
impressive that RFE had to back
down and. in a broadcast of April 10,
U'llil: WORLD rHOTO
Free Europe balloons arc set aloft by the Crusode
for Freedom on the German side of the Iron Curtain. They bear the word "svobodo," Czech for
1955, at 12:45 p.m. ("We Call the
Communist Party"), tried to minimize
the importance of Loukota's aberration.
Do these editors who urge the
Czech people to follow such advice
have a soft spot in their hearts for
the Communists — or are they following the orders of men whose hearts
and minds are hard as steel?
(To Re Concluded)