through every medium of communications to destroy Radio Free Europe:
newspapers, magazines, pamphlets,
posters, novels, the stage, radio, movies and mass meetings. Propaganda
against Radio Free Europe has become so intense that in Czechoslovakia alone, even on a dull day, Radio
Free Europe intercepts at least one
radio attack, and as many as ten have
been recorded in a single day.
(6) Almost from its birth, Radio
Free Europe has been the target of
official protests by the satellite regimes to the U. S. government. Shortly after RFE's "Voice of Free Czechoslovakia" went on the air, in May,
1951, the Czechoslovak regime protested the existence of RFE to the
U. S. State Department. The demand
to extinguish RFE (which was firmly
rejected by our government) is apparently a measure of the regime's fear
of RFE, and an indication that RFE is
reaching the people.
(7) There is considerable evidence
that the programs have forced the regimes to take specific steps to protect
themselves against the anger of the
people. On several occasions RFE has
exposed sub-human living conditions
in prisons and slave labor camps; in
many of these eases, regime officials
felt obliged to improve conditions.
and brutal guards (either through
fear or honest shame) have improved
When Radio Free Europe exposed
the inefficiency and corruption rampant in a large electrical plant in
Budapest, a worker reported the following results: "The factory ran wild.
Commies ran in and out. Conferences
were held all day long. Suspicion
was everywhere. Work practically
Another type of RFE "denunciatory" program is that which exposes
the identities of Communist secret
agents and informers. RFE has later
received first-hand information from
refugees to the effect that regimes
have been forced to dismiss those ex
posed by RFE (or transfer them to
other regions) as their activities were
rendered useless and they became objects of possible violence.
When the Hungarian Communist
regime, in an effort to conserve power,
decreed that heat must not be turned
on unless the temperature was under
a certain degree—and then proceeded
to announce high temperatures—Radio
Free Europe broadcast correct weather statistics, forcing the regime to
abandon its power conservation tactics.
When fictitious statements by fictitious characters were cited by Radio
Free Europe to illustrate the mendacity of the Communists, regime
newspapers "interviewed" imaginary
persons and published "denials" of
their statements quoted by RFE.
RFE's ability to force a Communist
regime to make drastic changes was
illustrated by the removal of General
Stanislaw Radkiewicz, Chief ol the
Polish Security Ministry, and three of
his top secret police officials, between
December, 1954, and January, 1955,
For two months preceding this shake-
up, RFE had saturated Poland with
scores of programs in which Josef
Swiatlo, an officer in the Security Ministry who had defected to the West,
disclosed in detail over RFE the activities, intrigues and corruption of the
dreaded secret police. The fact that
RFE's broadcasts played a major role
in this top-level reorganization was
made clear by the Polish regime's ow i.
statements, .is well as by the statements of impartial observers. The conservative British publication, Time
and Tide, in an article titled "The End
of the Polish 'Beria,'" stated:
"The immediate cause of (Radkie-
wicz's) downfall was. in fact, a series
of broadcasts beamed into Poland by
Radio Free Europe. Secrets which
had been known to three or four persons were broadcast to millions. It was
perhaps the greatest single victory
ever to lie recorded by broadcasting
to Iron Curtain countries."
WIDE WOIIT.I) I'HOTO
Exiles from Communist-dominated countries broadcast many hours of cultural and musical programs
eoch week over RFE to their own countrymen in their own language.
Howls of ragr from the Soviet
press anil railio greeted the arrival
of 60 American leaders in t.criiian) /\ £
to survey the faeilities of i\:nli°
Free Europe anil Free F.urope Press.
As evidence of the Ousade's ante
CommunuM impact hcliim! the I'"011
Curtain, Pravda ranted that the t'ru'
sailers wen- in Germany for "t"e
■peeia] purpose of organizing sulf
versivc activities against the I'e0*
When you want to scare a i'.opr
miinist, you ilon't say "Boo!" V°tf
Reprinted from Sir,. I.tinr.
Crusade for Freedom, Nov. 28,
(8) Possibly the ultimate test
"effectiveness" of propaganda is.
ability to influence the actions "',
listeners. In this respect, RFE is I
ply a catalyst, giving its listenenl
true facts and the moral supp0^
enable them to act in accordance
their local needs .aid desires. A"
ample of a broadcasting canijjl
that resulted in concrete action bj
people was initiated to Hung*'*
July, 1953, when RFE set out I" I
the Hungarian peasants win COJ
sions from the regime so the) "",'
improve their living conditions. %
weakening the Communists P"
In the following six months. .'"'
50 per cent ol the peasants on l'",i
rian collectives abandoned the <4
tive farms and returned to indiVJ
farming. The blame for this ..'•''V'
tion was put squarelv on Rids s sj
ders by both the Prime Minis'*]
Hungary and the First Secreta*]
the Communist party. ,j
In the face of this body of i'vi<[
regarding the effectiveness "■
broadcasts, Radio Free Europejsl
aware that psychological warfafl
only one facet of the Cold]
against communism. Only '"H
joint action by the world's oy^
tions — in the spheres of politic*'
and military cooperat'*j
well as on the propaganda
can conn.mi.ism be stopped,
war. , a
It is within this framework °U
action on a global scale tha'
Free Europe has attempted ' (,
velop an effective and dynaiT"' ]
pon in the struggle lo restore II
dignity and freedom where tn
tain of Soviet darkness has fa''
t II of Radio Free Europe*,
trill include defector i"<('
atlo's disclosures, the Soviet ''''''.j
to destroy Poland's Cathol
as revealed /il/ RFE, and Ol"'"
VETO 6 FOCUS.
Facts Fori \. N'kws, l-'ebrtiii'V'