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Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956
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Facts Forum. Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956 - File 024. 1956-02. University of Houston Libraries. University of Houston Digital Library. Web. August 9, 2020. https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/909/show/863.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum. (1956-02). Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956 - File 024. Facts Forum News, 1955-1956. University of Houston Libraries. Retrieved from https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/909/show/863

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

Facts Forum, Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956 - File 024, 1956-02, Facts Forum News, 1955-1956, University of Houston Libraries, accessed August 9, 2020, https://digital.lib.uh.edu/collection/1352973/item/909/show/863.

Disclaimer: This is a general citation for reference purposes. Please consult the most recent edition of your style manual for the proper formatting of the type of source you are citing. If the date given in the citation does not match the date on the digital item, use the more accurate date below the digital item.

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Title Facts Forum News, Vol. 5, No. 2, February 1956
Alternate Title Facts Forum News, Vol. V, No. 2, February 1956
Series Title Facts Forum News
Creator
  • Facts Forum
Publisher Facts Forum
Date February 1956
Language eng
Subject
  • Anti-communist movements
  • Conservatism
  • Politics and government
  • Hunt, H. L.
Place
  • Dallas, Texas
Genre
  • journals (periodicals)
Type
  • Text
Identifier AP2.F146 v. 5 1956; OCLC: 1352973
Collection
  • University of Houston Libraries
  • Facts Forum News
Rights No Copyright - United States
Item Description
Title File 024
Transcript MM through every medium of communications to destroy Radio Free Europe: newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, posters, novels, the stage, radio, movies and mass meetings. Propaganda against Radio Free Europe has become so intense that in Czechoslovakia alone, even on a dull day, Radio Free Europe intercepts at least one radio attack, and as many as ten have been recorded in a single day. (6) Almost from its birth, Radio Free Europe has been the target of official protests by the satellite regimes to the U. S. government. Shortly after RFE's "Voice of Free Czechoslovakia" went on the air, in May, 1951, the Czechoslovak regime protested the existence of RFE to the U. S. State Department. The demand to extinguish RFE (which was firmly rejected by our government) is apparently a measure of the regime's fear of RFE, and an indication that RFE is reaching the people. (7) There is considerable evidence that the programs have forced the regimes to take specific steps to protect themselves against the anger of the people. On several occasions RFE has exposed sub-human living conditions in prisons and slave labor camps; in many of these eases, regime officials felt obliged to improve conditions. and brutal guards (either through fear or honest shame) have improved their behavior. When Radio Free Europe exposed the inefficiency and corruption rampant in a large electrical plant in Budapest, a worker reported the following results: "The factory ran wild. Commies ran in and out. Conferences were held all day long. Suspicion was everywhere. Work practically stopped." Another type of RFE "denunciatory" program is that which exposes the identities of Communist secret agents and informers. RFE has later received first-hand information from refugees to the effect that regimes have been forced to dismiss those ex posed by RFE (or transfer them to other regions) as their activities were rendered useless and they became objects of possible violence. When the Hungarian Communist regime, in an effort to conserve power, decreed that heat must not be turned on unless the temperature was under a certain degree—and then proceeded to announce high temperatures—Radio Free Europe broadcast correct weather statistics, forcing the regime to abandon its power conservation tactics. When fictitious statements by fictitious characters were cited by Radio Free Europe to illustrate the mendacity of the Communists, regime newspapers "interviewed" imaginary persons and published "denials" of their statements quoted by RFE. RFE's ability to force a Communist regime to make drastic changes was illustrated by the removal of General Stanislaw Radkiewicz, Chief ol the Polish Security Ministry, and three of his top secret police officials, between December, 1954, and January, 1955, For two months preceding this shake- up, RFE had saturated Poland with scores of programs in which Josef Swiatlo, an officer in the Security Ministry who had defected to the West, disclosed in detail over RFE the activities, intrigues and corruption of the dreaded secret police. The fact that RFE's broadcasts played a major role in this top-level reorganization was made clear by the Polish regime's ow i. statements, .is well as by the statements of impartial observers. The conservative British publication, Time and Tide, in an article titled "The End of the Polish 'Beria,'" stated: "The immediate cause of (Radkie- wicz's) downfall was. in fact, a series of broadcasts beamed into Poland by Radio Free Europe. Secrets which had been known to three or four persons were broadcast to millions. It was perhaps the greatest single victory ever to lie recorded by broadcasting to Iron Curtain countries." WIDE WOIIT.I) I'HOTO Exiles from Communist-dominated countries broadcast many hours of cultural and musical programs eoch week over RFE to their own countrymen in their own language. Howls of ragr from the Soviet press anil railio greeted the arrival of 60 American leaders in t.criiian) /\ £ to survey the faeilities of i\:nli° Free Europe anil Free F.urope Press. As evidence of the Ousade's ante CommunuM impact hcliim! the I'"011 Curtain, Pravda ranted that the t'ru' sailers wen- in Germany for "t"e ■peeia] purpose of organizing sulf versivc activities against the I'e0* pie's Democracies." When you want to scare a i'.opr miinist, you ilon't say "Boo!" V°tf say "Freedom!" Reprinted from Sir,. I.tinr. Crusade for Freedom, Nov. 28, 195'- (8) Possibly the ultimate test "effectiveness" of propaganda is. ability to influence the actions "', listeners. In this respect, RFE is I ply a catalyst, giving its listenenl true facts and the moral supp0^ enable them to act in accordance their local needs .aid desires. A" ample of a broadcasting canijjl that resulted in concrete action bj people was initiated to Hung*'* July, 1953, when RFE set out I" I the Hungarian peasants win COJ sions from the regime so the) "",' improve their living conditions. % weakening the Communists P" In the following six months. .'"' 50 per cent ol the peasants on l'",i rian collectives abandoned the <4 tive farms and returned to indiVJ farming. The blame for this ..'•''V' tion was put squarelv on Rids s sj ders by both the Prime Minis'*] Hungary and the First Secreta*] the Communist party. ,j In the face of this body of i'vi<[ regarding the effectiveness "■ broadcasts, Radio Free Europejsl aware that psychological warfafl only one facet of the Cold] against communism. Only '"H joint action by the world's oy^ tions — in the spheres of politic*' and military cooperat'*j I nomic well as on the propaganda can conn.mi.ism be stopped, war. , a It is within this framework °U action on a global scale tha' Free Europe has attempted ' (, velop an effective and dynaiT"' ] pon in the struggle lo restore II dignity and freedom where tn tain of Soviet darkness has fa'' t II of Radio Free Europe*, trill include defector i"<(' Page 22 Part Story .. atlo's disclosures, the Soviet ''''''.j to destroy Poland's Cathol as revealed /il/ RFE, and Ol"'" VETO 6 FOCUS. Facts Fori \. N'kws, l-'ebrtiii'V'
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