U.S. LABOR EXTENDS
SUPPORT TO CRUSADE
American lahor plans to take a
more active part than ever in the
Crusade for Freedom, according to
William W. Weiss, who has just
been named Crusade liaison representative for the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
Mr. Weiss, whose home is in
Pittsburgh, is a member of the
United Steelworkers of America. He
will work in the Crusade's Washington ofbee with John A. DeChant,
vice president of the Crusade,
During; tin- Crusade overseas inspection trip of Radio Free Europe
and Free Europe Press, the party
was joined by Irving Brown, European representative of the American
Federation of Labor, and Victor
Reuther, director of international
affairs for the CIO.
Reprinted from Sews Letter,
Crusade for Freedom, Nov. 28, 1955
for this information." Vaclav Uhlik,
whose home-made tank crashed
across the Iron Curtain from Czechoslovakia to West Germany, declared
that Czechoslovaks listen "conscientiously to Radio Free Europe and believe its broadcasts like the Bible."
Similar statements are made by
hundreds of other individuals who
cross the border. A former prisoner of
Recsk prison camp in Hungary stated:
"Hungarians see in Radio Free Europe
the embodiment of an idea which is
capable of defeating communism." A
non-Communist Swedish student
brought back the following message
from Romanian friends at the Bucharest Youth Festival, "Go to Radio Free
Europe and tell them how things are
here, that we have not lost courage
and that the hope for freedom still
burns with us. Tell them we listen
regularly to their broadcasts."
(3) The regimes have devised
many ways to discourage radio listen-
ership — though tuning in on Western
broadcasts is not officially a crime. Ill
Hungarian communities, for example,
the Communists have recruited "listening couples" with instructions to
drop in on neighbors unexpectedly
and report if they are listening to
Western broadcasts - especial!) RFE.
In some communities, family dogs
were seized by local authorities (on
the pretext of canine disease epidemics) because the dogs interfered with
the spying of the "listening couples"
by barking warnings of their arrival.
When word of Crusade for Freedom's campaign to raise funds for the
support of Radio Free Europe reached
the people of Czechoslovakia. Radio
Prague, in a violent attack against the
Crusade, threatened: "The crusaders
of today run the risk of losing not only
their hats, but also their heads."
(4) Official Communist reports
stress the danger of RFE to the regimes. One report, prepared by the
Hungarian Minister of Defense, stated: "The most dangerous effect of
Radio Free Europe is that it results
not in organized resistance, which is
easily detected and suppressed, but in
atomized resistance which is more difficult to control. For example, a Radio
Free Europe program recently compared the situation in Hungary to a
former despotic era: the effect of
broadcasts of this kind is that they
create resistance among Hungarian
soldiers to the Army's Russification
Sometimes unofficial but equally
authentic reports of this nature reach
RFE. For example, a high official in
the Polish Communist government, in
a personal conversation in the West
that he never dreamed would be repeated, said: "Radio Free Europe is
accomplishing the work of the opposition in Poland. It is the mortal enemy
of the regime, which would offer any
amount of money if it could persuade
them to abolish this radio station." Another Polish official revealed RFE's
extensive "word-of-mouth" circulation
by the following statement at a Department of Propaganda and Agitation meeting: "One radio set in each
village is quite sufficient to poison the
peasants' minds with (Western) calumnies and lies."
Regime attacks on RFE increased
in number and violence during 1954.
In Czechoslovakia especially, regime
propagandists quoted RFE broadcasts
in substance and at length in order to
assail them. It became clear that some
of these anti-RFE campaigns were being conducted under Moscow's direct
guidance, as indicated by the publication of hostile articles in olficral Soviet
organs and hostile broadcasts from
Moscow, setting the tone of subsequent regime campaigns.
(5) A cardinal rule of psychological warfare is not to dignify or advertise hostile propaganda by replying to
it. The Communist regimes (and Mos-
cow as well) have consistently broj
this rule in regard to Radio i'rei'
rope. In doing so, they have bM
RFE's best publicity agents. Di*
the past year, the Czechoslovak
gime in particular has gone beyond
usual frantic invective against I"
it now quotes programs, in subst*
and in depth, then tries to refute &
in an effort to minimize their imp
Meanwhile, the anti-RFE vit'
poured out by Communist radio*
tions, newspapers, magazines'
speechmakers continues. Here i,ri
few typical lines broadcast over B*
"The United States, the arch-vij1
behind a vast conspiracy ag
peace and socialism, has br<"
havoc to innocent Koreans. Ir*j
nese and countless colonial l1f0
who aspire to liberty. The trail
Radio Free Europe, steeped r
mud, serve that part of America
criminals and gangsters are pro^f
so much that nothing happens 1"
even when they kill another Ve.
What a difference when you listj!
Radio Moscow broadcasts to C#
Slovakia. From Moscow we hear'
the Soviet people's work, leisuJl
education. From Radio Free j?'1
we just hear the rattle of arms.' .
The frequency of these atta*
illustrated in statistics on all." '
from April through September'
During this period. Radio Fre*
rope was the subject of mor.
direct attacks (not includin
and rebroadcasts) as against ;
tacks directed against othi
broadcasters. More than 100 r«
tacks alone by Czechoslovak s'
were heard in September
cases, regime campaigns again*1 j
are spearheaded by instruction5
A few of the epithets h"f5
Radio Free Europe by tin
"criminal rabble," "dirty warrfl*
"jackals," "miserable riffraff)
of the ether," "saboteurs,
from the rubbish heap." "radio
sion," and "yakkity-vakkers.'
The Communists utilize ev#«
of the printed and spoken
Radio Free Europe Headquarters in Munich, Germany, nicknamed "Little Penta90"'
Facts Foiujm News, FebtvA